Winter: nature description, features and interesting facts

For three long months, nature wraps itself in a snow blanket, plunging into a sweet dream. One days of winter are characterized by silence and frost, and on other days the wind is blushing and whining. The main characteristic of the winter season is a steady low atmospheric temperature and snow in most countries of the world.

winter nature description

Description of nature

Winter comes due to the inclination of the axis of rotation of the planet relative to the ecliptic plane.

Winter always comes from the northeast. Calendar winter begins in the northern hemisphere on December 1 and ends on the last day of February. In the Southern Hemisphere, by contrast, the coldest months are June, July, and August. According to the astronomical calendar, it begins on the December solstice, that is, from 22 to 23, and ends in March, also on the day of the solstice, from 21 to 22. And according to observations of seasonal changes, that is, phenological, it starts from November 27 and lasts until 17 Martha.Meteorologists distinguish two periods, which necessarily passes each winter: cold and soft.

Russian winter nature description

Sub-season and folk calendar

The concept and description of nature in winter includes three sub-seasons:


Start date

Duration, days

Pervozime, or predzime

November 27


Root or deaf

December 22



February, 15


According to the national calendar, winter begins with the first frost. About the end of the season shows drops.

beautiful description of nature in winter


In the artistic description of the nature of winter, December is often called a “student”. Already ice-bound lakes and streams, a white blanket of snow appeared, but thaws are still encountered. In most regions, snow appears as early as November, but in reality it only lays thick in December. The growth of snow can reach 30 cm. Nights are becoming longer and days are shorter. A column on the thermometer is constantly seeking to overcome the zero mark.

The first of December, according to the Orthodox calendar, is the day of the holy martyrs Plato and Roman. They are also called “winter indicators”, that is, according to the weather on this day, it is possible to judge what the middle and end of winter will be.It is believed that if the crows will walk on the road on December 1, then there will be a thaw. If at least 1 mosquito appears in the house, it will soon get warmer. And if it is windy, then the whole winter will be windy. The moon in the glowing halo foreshadows severe frosts.

On the fifth of December, when Prokopiev celebrates the day in Russia, the sledge path is already being established. Simply put, from this number it is already possible to safely become a sleigh. On this day, fairs were always held, at which this vehicle was the most popular commodity.

Since December 9, it was believed that Yuri Kholodny "inhales cold." In the Russian description of nature in the winter, this day was said: “It’s already impossible to wake up a bear, and wolves are getting closer to human habitation and howling horribly at the Moon ...”

According to the folk calendar, a period of blizzards and blizzards begins from the 12th onwards, which will last until Nikolina of the day.

From the third week of December, a real frosty winter begins, which will last until the middle of the third month of winter. By the end of it, the days are already beginning to increase, but for now this is not too noticeable, because it is December 22 that the day of the solstice comes.

On the day of remembrance of the prophet Haggai, December 29, sunny days are set, but if the frost grows stronger, it will last until the baptism.

winter in the forest nature description


What kind of description of nature in winter can be without the New Year, coming in January, which in fiction is sometimes called the “prosentz”. At this time, sunny days come and the bitter cold stings the cheeks and nose.

January is the winter month when the real Russian winter comes. The sky is clear and the snow is blind. As a rule, the brighter the sun, the stronger the frost. Usually, the temperature is kept at -10-15 degrees, without sudden changes. Despite this, nature is slowly awakening. For example, if you bring a poplar twig from the frost, then in a couple of days leaves will appear on it.

It is in January that many holidays are celebrated. So, from 7 to 19 the number of Christmas time is celebrated. And before Christmas begins Christmas Eve. Naturally, the clearest and brightest festive day is Christmas. In churches and monasteries on the eve, singing in praise of the birth of Christ begins and they last all night. This tradition is called the all-night vigil.

And from January 13 to January 14, Christmas-time divination begins. This night has always been popular and not only among girls. They wondered about the harvest, tried to understand how long the winter would last, when the thaw would begin.

During this period there are no special changes, everything seems to fall asleep, so the description of nature in winter cannot be expanded. However, the people are having fun, the festivities continue. From January 19, Epiphany frosts begin. The brighter the sun shines these days, the stronger they are. In this month you can already predict the summer weather. If the wind blows from the south on January 21, it promises a rainy summer. And if on the 23rd there is frost on the haystacks, then the summer promises to be rainy and cool.

If on Tatiana's Day (January 25) there will be clear and sunny weather, then spring should come early, and if snow appears, then in summer there will be a lot of rain.

artistic description of nature in winter


There is one more month of winter ahead - February, which will not please sunny days. During its period there is the most blizzard and frost. Nevertheless, the month is also called "bokogrey", because at the Meeting winter occurs in spring. It was during the first decade of the month that chilling winds and snowstorms occurred. If a clear day is issued, then it is necessarily frosty and sunny. But the sun really starts to warm only from the middle of the month. The first thaws appear. According to the description of nature in the winter in the forest, it is also possible to judge about the approach of spring.The first talniki appear already, willow releases the first fluffy and soft buds. The snow becomes hard, an icy crust appears on top of it.

On the first day of the month they judge when the spring will begin. If the weather is clear, then it will be early. But if there is a blizzard on February 2, then you should not wait for an early warming. The fourth of February is also called Timofeyev. On February 14, people definitely looked at the sky at night. If star-scattering appeared on it, then one should not have expected the imminent arrival of spring.

By the middle of the month, many icicles appear, the sun is shining ever brighter, but winter is still not receding. On the fifteenth day the meeting is celebrated, that is, the meeting of two seasons. If this day was warm weather, then spring is almost “knocking” at the door, if the cold - the winter will last for some time.

February seventeenth is usually characterized by a strong cooling. If it is cold on Vlasyev’s day (the 24th), it means that winter does not want to retreat. Shrovetide is celebrated at the end of the month. Throughout the week, pancakes are baked and straw stuffed.

Russian painting about winter

Most often, winter landscapes are found in domestic artists, as this season is considered to be originally Russian. Some painters consider winter to be a boring and even depressing season. As an example, a picture by I. I. Levitan “Winter in the Forest”. And other artists, on the contrary, represent this cold season as a waiting period for spring. For example, the paintings of KF Yuon's “The Winter Magic” or by V.I. Surikov “The Taking of the Snow Town”. So, Yuon captures the extraordinary joy of children playing in the snow.

description of the nature landscape in winter

Russian poetry about winter

Many descriptions of the nature landscape in winter are found in Pushkin. Very similar poems can be found in other poets, such as Tyutchev. But each of their writers in a completely different way represents a beautiful description of nature in winter. Some authors write that it is in the winter forest that fabulous characters can be found. So, Nekrasov wrote about the "frost-voivode". Naturally, his most famous stanza was with a “household” background.


Some poems of Russian poets about winter are always a bit romantic and funny, while others are a little sad and even formidable. And Yesenin called this season majestic and dormant.The Russian people have many sayings about this particular time of the year: “Winter snow is deep - bread is high in summer”. Or: "In winter, sheepskin coat of every love."

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