Why is it necessary to know the sequence and timing of teething in children?
When you come to see a pediatrician, he alwayschecks the child's teeth: do they correspond to the general physiological norm. Why is it so important? The fact that the order and timing of teething in children can indicate the characteristics of the body, the presence of serious diseases, acceleration or vice versa, the delay in development.
Most often later, the appearance of teeth can bea consequence of diseases of the endocrine system or rickets. If the child was born prematurely, received birth trauma, suffered severe infectious and inflammatory diseases, underwent a course of antibiotic treatment soon after birth, it is quite natural to expect a delay in the appearance of teeth.
But it is not all that bad. If the child externally feels normal, and the first tooth still appeared closer to the year, then ask how this process took place in the families of relatives. After all, the timing of dentition in children is very individual, and the hereditary factor is one of the most basic
Doctors are guided by average termsteething in children, but in recent years, there has been a clear trend towards an earlier appearance. Individual cases were recorded when the first tooth appeared in the first months, and sometimes in the first weeks after birth. But such accelerations should be treated with caution, because such too early teeth can be more fragile due to insufficient formation of tissues.
The physiological pattern of tooth growth in children is normally the following:
- the central incisors from the top and from the bottom appear first: 6 - 8.5 months;
- the second under the account - lateral incisors from above and from below: 8.5 - 12 months;
- then the first molars: a year - a year and a half;
- After this, dairy fangs are cut: a year and a half a year and nine months;
- the latter appear second molar molars: a year and nine months - two and a half years.
Thus, the bite is usually fully formed to 2.5 years.
Sequence of teething in childrenis also very important, as violations often lead to an incorrect bite. Teeth should appear in pairs, in turn from the left and right side. First, the bottom teeth erupt in the center, then the upper ones above them, only then the so-called "deuce" - lateral incisors. Fangs appear after the fourth teeth, and the fifth pair in the milk bite expects the second upper molar molars.
Constant teeth begin to erupt inperiod of existence of the bite: two pairs of sixth teeth are already indigenous. Then the milk teeth in the same order are changed to permanent, and only after that appear the seventh molars. Wisdom teeth erupt already in adulthood, may not appear at all - this is not considered pathology.
We discussed the timing of teething in children,now it's time to move on to the issue of caring for the teeth that have appeared. Very often at the age of one-and-a-half years, children have a so-called "bottle caries". The reasons for this are night feeding, which provokes poor oral hygiene. In soft plaque there is a very large number of bacteria that secrete acid. The enamel is corroded, and caries occur. At night salivation is physiologically lower than in the daytime, so a particularly favorable environment is created for bacteria.
It should be noted that in children who receive breast milk, tooth decay occurs several times less often than those who are fed with milk formulas, because breast milk successfully supports immunity.
If you do not take good care of hygiene, thenchildren may experience not only caries, but also stomatitis - inflammation of the oral mucosa. This is a very painful disease, which often provokes a fever, a general poor state of health, loss of appetite.
Therefore, dentists teach that caring for the cavitymouth should be started from the moment the first tooth appears. Wipe it gently with a soft brush in the morning and evening. The child quickly gets used to this procedure, you will form a useful skill in caring for yourself, and your teeth will be protected from the appearance of caries. Then going to the dentist will not be stress for the child, but only a pleasant and not terrible prevention.