What kind of heating should I choose?
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Accommodation in a private house gives its ownersa lot of advantages: they do not depend on utilities in the heating season, there is no need to pay excessive bills for hot water, at any time you can connect your own power generator, etc. But in order to fully experience these advantages, it is necessary to approach the organization of all systems in the house with the mind. It is necessary to anticipate in advance the possibility of connecting independent sources of energy and the use of alternative heating devices, equip your own well, and also create a high-quality sewage disposal system.
Before installing an offline systemheating, it is necessary to determine its type. It is necessary to choose the equipment that will be the most rational use of energy resources and the most suitable for your housing.
What kind of heating for a house or villa?
First of all, the question of regularityuse of the heating system. Those who permanently reside in their home can use any of the options, but if you visit the dacha from time to time, then it is best to avoid using water systems, since they can be sized up with a strong drop in temperature in the room or break through during your absence.
Water heating for a private house
This is the most common version of systemsheating. In this case, water is used as the heat carrier, which is heated in the boiler and by means of a pump (or a gravity system with an open-type expansion tank) is fed to radiators or pipes of the warm floor. At the same time the boiler can work on gas, electricity or solid fuel. The choice of the energy carrier that will be used for water heating depends on the availability of gas input or wiring, calculated for a heater of several kilowatts.
Pluses of water heating:
- Uniform supply of heat to all rooms, thanks to the possibility of creating an external circuit;
- Simple adjustment of the room temperature with the help of locking equipment (by screwing or maximally opening the tap, it is possible to control the flow of hot water in the pipes);
- The water system can easily be assembled and installed without the help of qualified specialists;
- Water is one of the cheapest heat carriers, its use significantly reduces the cost of the heating system;
- The volume of water in the system does not change during use, its replacement or topping can be done every few years.
Minuses of water heating:
- Sufficiently long warm-up time in comparison with air heating systems;
- The possibility of pipe leakage due to corrosion or improper operation;
- Decrease in efficiency of radiators at strong pollution by a dust (it is necessary to make their cleaning quite often);
- At a low temperature in the room there is the possibility of freezing and rupturing of pipes;
- Water used as a coolant should contain a minimum of salts and other impurities.
In addition, when designing a water systemheating it is necessary to correctly calculate the number of radiators and the length of the connecting pipeline. Also, care should be taken to install an expansion tank for water.
Air heating systems for private houses
The principle of their functioning is similar to industrialinflow ventilation systems. With the help of a fan, the air is blown through the air heater or a special heat exchanger, and then it is forced into the pipeline that feeds it to each room in the living room. Assembly and installation of such systems is quite a labor-consuming task, which will require a lot of money. If you decide to make heating on the basis of the air system, then it is necessary in advance (preferably at the stage of housing construction) to take care of laying pipelines and allocate space for equipment.
Pluses of air heating:
- Use an air humidifier that will automatically control the humidity in the premises;
- Due to lack of coolant, there is no risk of its leakage or freezing, which allows using this system both in seasonal housing and in the place of permanent residence.
- To this heating system, you can easily connect the supply ventilation, as well as the air conditioning system, which will allow you to turn your heating into air conditioning in the summer.
- High efficiency of the air system (about 90%) allows the most economical use of energy resources;
- As an energy carrier, any type of fuel that is available to you can act;
- Air heating system very quickly warms up the premises, so that in a few minutes after switching on the house will be warm;
Cons of air heating:
- High cost of equipment and installation of this system;
- The need to allocate a separate room for equipment;
- Low inertia, because of what the room will cool down very quickly after the heating system is turned off;
- For the operation of the equipment, it is always necessary to have a constant presence of electricity.
Electric heating for a private house
This type of heating is quite popular withowners of private houses. It can act as both a primary and an auxiliary system. Warming the house with electricity is very simple. You can install oil or infrared heaters in each room, install a warm floor, etc. In addition, there are a lot of domestic fan heaters and convectors that allow heating the room using this energy carrier.
Pros of electric heating:
- Quick installation;
- Low price of equipment;
- Very simple device design;
- High ecological compatibility.
Cons of electric heating:
- Absence of heat when power is cut off;
- High cost of electricity;
- Combustion of oxygen with open-type heater.
Furnace or fireplace for home
This kind of heating is best used as aadditional in homes with permanent residence and as the main in summer cottages or small country estates. For its arrangement it is necessary to install a burzhuyku or to lay down the stove / fireplace in the room. In addition, a large amount of firewood and coal will be required to maintain heat.
Benefits of stove heating:
- Full independence from third-party energy carriers (only firewood is needed);
- Absolute ecological compatibility;
- Quite a quick warm-up of the room;
- Absence of coolant.
Heating furnace minuses:
- The need for a large amount of fuel to maintain heat;
- Lack of automatic temperature control;
- The need to throw firewood as they burn out;
In addition, using this type of heating, it is necessary to strictly observe the rules of fire safety.