Pleurisy - what is it?
Diseases of the lungs are always difficult. Among other things, it is worth highlighting a rather serious disease - pleurisy. What it is? It is an inflammation of the lining that lines the thoracic cavity. It is called the pleura. The disease has several forms,
suggesting a different treatment, but any of them can cause great damage to the body. Therefore, signs of pleurisy need to be able to recognize immediately, in time to see a doctor and begin therapy.
What causes the disease and what are its symptoms?
The reasons can be divided into two groups: infectious and non-infectious. In the first case, the body affects bacteria and viruses that cause pleurisy. What are these pests? Pneumococci, hemophilic or pseudomonas aeruginosa, streptococci, rickettsia, mycobacterium tuberculosis and others. In the second case, pleurisy develops due to a variety of primary diseases, such as systemic lupus, scleroderma, dermatomyositis, rheumatoid arthritis, malignant tumors, vasculitis, thoracic injuries, pulmonary embolism. The causes are determined by the medical history.
Pleurisy can manifest with different symptoms, butthere are also common: chest pain, cough, shortness of breath. In the dry course of the disease, the patient also suffers pain in the side, which is most pronounced when inhaled. There may be chills, fever, sweating at night, weakness. The wet form is accompanied by a painful cough, the pain in the side is less evident due to accumulation of fluid in the lungs, there is a feeling of heaviness, not too pronounced cyanosis, intercostal spaces are smoothed.
Diagnosis of the disease
The presence of the above symptoms is the causeto see a doctor. Determine the condition of the patient help radiography, computed tomography and ultrasound examination. The last two methods of diagnosis can accurately reveal the form of the disease. X-ray examination is equally important, but it is not aimed at pleurisy. What does this mean? The information on the photographs characterizes the presence of changes in the lung tissues and lymph nodes. However, with exudative form effusion can also be noticeable during X-rays. The method of pleural puncture is also used, when the fluid from the pleura is checked for tuberculosis or the presence of tumor cells. Only after a complete diagnosis, a specialist can start treatment.
How to cure pleurisy?
Treatment must necessarily be comprehensive. If pleurisy is a secondary disease, primary therapy should be given. When purulent forms need hospitalization of the patient. To restore the respiratory apparatus patients are recommended therapeutic exercises. Used anti-inflammatory and desensitizing drugs that effectively affect pleurisy. What are these means? Conventional acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin. If the disease occurs against the background of tuberculosis, it is necessary to take antibiotics such as Streptomycin and Isoniazid, and with pneumonia, Gentamicin and Amoxicillin preparations are used. In severe cases, recommended bed rest, massage and a special diet.