What is expressive vocabulary? Use and examples of expressive vocabulary
Expression in Russian means"emotionality". Consequently, expressive vocabulary is an emotionally colored set of expressions designed to convey the internal state of a person who speaks or writes. It concerns exclusively the artistic style in speech, which is very close to spoken in oral utterances. But at the same time the artistic style has several significant limitations compared to conversational speech. The author can say a lot, but not all, if he wants to stay within the limits of literary norms.
Expressive coloring of speech
Many concepts contained in the Russian language,mean not only the material or spiritual thing itself, but also its evaluation from the standpoint of the speaker. For example, the word "Armenian" is simply a fact that indicates a person's nationality. But if you replace it with the word "hach", then it will be mainly negative assessment of the person of this nationality. This word is not only expressive, it is also versatile, it does not correspond to literary norms.
The difference between oral expressions and expressive
Spoken expressions for the most partare typical for people who live in a certain territory, have common interests, and can also be in the same age group. This is somewhat similar to dialects, although they are not characteristic of a certain ethnic group, but of a subcultural one. For the most part, vernacular expressions are expressive, but they do not boil down to them.
The same word "hach" is common. But it also has an expressive coloring. Nevertheless, even a common word can in the context be emotional. For example, if the usual word "Armenian" is used in a negative context, then it becomes synonymous with the word "hach", although it is more literary. Sporadic expressions are often a subset of expressive vocabulary. But, for example, the word "blond" is quite literary, although it refers to emotionally colored expressions.
Emotional and evaluation vocabulary - the same thing?
Generally, these are synonyms. Because expressive vocabulary always expresses a certain attitude of the speaker to something. But in some cases, emotional words do not contain estimates because of their contextuality. For example, "ah" people say as when something good happened in their life, as well as a bad one.
It also does not include words, lexicalthe value of which already contains an estimate. The use of expressive vocabulary is the use of words that have an emotional component, rather than containing only emotion. Hence, we need to draw one conclusion. The word becomes valued when an emotional component is imposed on it by creating a certain context. The independent lexical meaning of the word is preserved.
The use of expressive vocabulary in life
In life, a person uses a lot of evaluationJudgments, the main links of which are emotional expressions. In all spheres of life, even in the business sphere, expressive vocabulary is used. Examples - the statement of Russian diplomats concerning other countries. Even the president recently used an expressive expression, which, besides everything else, is at the forefront of a recent conference.
Expressive can make any word, iffind the right context for it. For example, to take a proposal: "These citizens, if they can be called so, have chosen not the best way to demonstrate strength." If you wrest the word "citizens" from the context, then this is the most common expression of a person's belonging to a particular country. But here the expressive coloring of this concept in the above sentence is added by the part "if they can be called so". Immediately expresses the author's assessment of the actions of people living in a particular country. Now we need to cite a small classification of emotionally colored expressions.
Single-valued words with a vivid estimate
In some terms, emotional coloringso clearly expressed that whatever the context, it will still be clear what kind of evaluation the one who writes or says wants to give. In another sense, such words are incredibly difficult to use. For example, how can you say the word "henpecked" in a positive or neutral context. As a rule, such expressions are used only if a person wants to express a negative attitude. Otherwise, we will use softer words and phrases like "good husband" and others.
"Podkabluchnik" is a word-characteristic. There are also terms that contain an evaluation of the action. These are, for example, the words "disgrace", "inflate." The first means a person who made another feel shame, and the second implies deception. This word, by the way, also has a predominantly negative color.
Multivalued words that acquire emotional color when used as a metaphor
It happens that only when you use the word inAs a metaphor expressive vocabulary is formed. Examples - saw her husband (reference to the previous word), sing to the authorities, blink the bus. In general, the word "saw" means the division of wood into several parts using a special tool. But if you use it as a metaphor, you literally get something like "divide your husband into several parts." That is, even with the literal interpretation of this metaphor, there is hardly anything positive about it. So here is an example of a clearly expressive expression.
The use of expressive vocabulary createsthe possibility of expressing one's attitude toward certain phenomena or events. However, to recognize the expressive component of such metaphors, the slightest intellectual effort is required if a person has not encountered such expressions before.
Words with emotional evaluation suffixes
This type of expression is very interesting in thatthe reason that can have different shades, which depend on the context. Expressive colored vocabulary of this type can have both a positive evaluation (neatly), a negative (child), and a contextual evaluation (friend). For example, the latter can mean both tender feelings for a friend, and an ironic statement in relation to the enemy.
And at what here suffixes? But because with their help you can give the word a different assessment. For example, take the usual word "table". If you add the suffix "ik" to it, you get a "table", and this is a positive evaluation. If you add the suffix "search", then there will be a "capital", which is mostly negative.
Expressive-emotional vocabulary takesserious enough position in our speech. If it were not, then it would be impossible to fully express the feelings of a person. And in the technologies of creating artificial intelligence at this stage have learned to make robots transmit emotions only through emotionally colored expressions.
Also expressive vocabulary allows betterexpress their own thoughts in Internet correspondence, when there is only the possibility of verbal communication, and the nonverbal can not be read. Of course, the latter plays an incredibly serious role in communication, but without the use of expressive vocabulary, even the most artistic nature would not have shown anything.