What everyone must know: first aid for arterial bleeding
There are cases that we do notI want to never, but ... We have to know what to do in this situation. And the knowledge should not be superficial, but very even thorough, as it depends not only on our life, but also on the lives of our loved ones. Theme of the article: "First aid for arterial hemorrhage".
To begin with, I would like to recall that ourthe organism is provided with two circles of blood circulation: small and large. From the "push", more precisely from the contraction of the heart muscle, a splash of a certain portion of blood in the artery occurs. At the first stage, it is considered to be arterial, enriched with oxygen and necessary for the cells of the body nutrients. Having reached each vessel, giving up the "burden", this liquid takes carbon dioxide and metabolic products. Returns to the heart it has already changed (through the veins) and is called venous. There are four types of bleeding wounds: capillary, mixed, venous and arterial. They can also be external and internal. The first aid for arterial bleeding should be appropriate (with a venous, mixed and capillary sequence of actions is different).
First, you need to define the formbleeding. The color will help you in this. Venous blood has a brown (dark-cherry) hue, and according to "temperament" it is calmer, as if quietly pouring out of the wound, rather than being pushed out by the fountain with every contraction of the heart muscle. Oxygenated, bubbling, bright red blood, in some cases a constantly gushing wound - is nothing but signs of arterial bleeding. First aid in this case should be urgent. After all, a person can lose most of the vital fluid in a short period of time, which will lead to a fatal outcome.
Based on the external data of the wound, it turns outfirst aid for arterial hemorrhage. Do anything with internal trauma outside the medical institution is impossible, so the only way to save a person's life is to take him to the hospital urgently. It is advisable to do this as accurately as possible, and to give the victim an elevated position. With an open wound, it is also necessary to take a person to a medical station soon, but on the way you need to put a bandage on and draw a blood-streaked artery. This is done with the harness, you can pinch it. It is important to do this above the wound by the artery, and not lower. It is necessary to remember, without fail, and it is better to record the exact time when the tourniquet was applied. It is important!
In some cases, first aidArterial bleeding is accompanied by flexion of the limb. In particular, if the femoral artery is damaged, the leg is bent at the knee and fixed to the body with a strap. In the groin area, the roller is first laid. If the artery is damaged below the knee, the victim is placed on his back, a cotton-gauze roll is placed under the knee, the shin is fixed to his thigh, raised to the abdomen.
First aid for arterialbleeding, accompanied by fractures, is somewhat different, since it is undesirable to injure the injured person once again. It is always necessary to act accordingly to the situation, to be able to reach the emergency aid station, where in the "on-line" mode you will be given all the consultations and will help wait for the specialists.