What is the hormone TSH response in women? Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): normal
Probably, not many people know how important the thyroid gland is for the human body. After all, it is responsible for all processes and controls all organs, along with the nervous system. The main role is played because they are responsible for the development of both mental and physical. Therefore, any deviation from the normal hormones of the thyroid gland leads to various disruptions in the body, which sometimes can not be determined immediately, it requires a long diagnosis. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is one of the important thyroid hormones. That is what our article is dedicated to. Particularly carefully we consider the question, for what the hormone TSH is responsible for women, because for the beautiful half of humanity it is very, very important.
What is the hormone TSH in women and men?
To begin, let's try to figure out what it is - the hormone TSH in women and men.He has several synonymous names. You can hear from specialists when they talk about TSH, the following names: thyrotropin or thyrotropin. This hormone is produced by the pituitary gland (it is a small gland the size of a fingernail on the little finger, which is responsible for development and metabolic processes). And the main function of thyroid-stimulating hormone is the production of two other components: triiodothyronine and thyroxine (T3 and T4), which are also of particular importance and are directly dependent on thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). Another thyrotropin is responsible for obtaining the amount of iodine that is needed by the human body. In addition, it primarily reacts to any changes and activity on the part of the thyroid gland, even if other indicators are within the normal range, a decrease or increase in TSH will always speak about the onset of the disease and the development of pathology. Now, in general terms, you know what it is - the hormone TSH in women and men. On many other things about this hormone, read on.
What does the hormone TSH answer in women and men? What is its rate?
The fact that thyrotropin is very important for the human body is obvious, but what is the hormone TSH in women and men responsible for? As already mentioned, thyrotropic hormone enhances the production of triiodothyronine and thyroxin.But he also performs other important “work” in the body:
- First of all, it improves the production of proteins and is involved in the process of their assimilation.
- Directly affects the normal level of blood pressure.
- Improves thinking, memory, and in general is responsible for the work of the brain.
- Increased activity.
- Thanks to him, the intestine also works fine.
- And, which is very important for a woman, the TSH is responsible for the ovulatory processes, and, therefore, for conceiving and carrying a healthy child.
As for the norm, then it is important to understand that the indicator of TSH depends on gender, age, and, of course, the presence of pregnancy. For newborns, TSH levels range from 1.1 to 17 mU / liter. Such a high rate is due to the fact that the child develops and the hormone actively contributes to this. The rate of the hormone TSH in women is from 0.3 to 4.2 mU / liter, and in the strong half of mankind - 0.2-4.9 mU / liter. As for the hormone hormone TSH in pregnant women, this is described in more detail below. Now you know what hormone TSH affects in women and men, so you should understand how important prevention is in this matter.
Causes and signs of low hormone TSH
There are two options for deviations from the norm in the hormone TSH index in women and men: increase and decrease. In the case of a decrease, experts talk about a disease like hypothyroidism. This is a pathological condition that is caused by a lack of thyroid hormones in the body. Of course, if the indicators are slightly less than the norm, then it is too early to talk about any pathologies, but a decrease of 2-3 times is definitely a bad bell. So what are the causes of low hormone TSH in women and men? Here is a list of diseases in which the rate of thyroid-stimulating hormone will be above the norm:
- First of all, these are the pathologies of the thyroid gland itself (in addition to hypothyroidism, there may be goiter or endocrine organ cancer).
- Pituitary tumor.
- Breast tumor.
- Excessive intake of iodine preparations.
- Bad work of the adrenal glands.
- Late toxicosis (preeclampsia) during pregnancy, which is manifested by the appearance of protein in the urine, edema, and an increase in blood pressure.
- The operation to remove the gallbladder - cholitsystectomy.
- Autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto disease).
- There is also a genetic disease that is manifested as insensitivity to thyroid hormones.
- Lead poisoning.
- Sometimes it can be mental disorders.
By the way, insignificant indicators of increased thyroid-stimulating hormone can also be observed during exercise, when taking hormonal contraceptives that contain estrogen, during radiation therapy, while taking neuroleptics.
Any experienced endocrinologist can identify or suspect hypothyroidism if a patient complains about the following:
- General weakness and fatigue.
- Low blood pressure.
- Deterioration of attention and memory.
- Extra pounds that do not go away even with the use of diets.
- Failure of menstruation in women, as well as its complete absence.
- Dryness, fragility of hair, as well as their loss.
- Fragility of the nail plate and dry skin.
- Low hemoglobin in the blood.
- Reduced immunity.
As for pregnant women, in 90% of cases, hypothyroidism proceeds without any symptoms. The remaining percentage may complain about their condition, but always the gynecologist will guess to send the patient to an appointment with an endocrinologist.
Treatment of hypothyroidism and possible complications
How to increase the hormone TSH in women and men, only the endocrinologist knows. The treatment of hypothyroidism is reduced to three main stages:
- Before prescribing the treatment of hypothyroidism, the endocrinologist must understand what is associated with an increase in thyroid stimulating hormone, and based on this therapy, that is, treatment of the root cause. For example, if hypothyroidism is caused by a lack of iodine, then, as a rule, the doctor prescribes drugs to compensate for this deficiency.
- The second stage is followed by replacement therapy, which involves taking hormonal drugs. Most often, they have no negative influence, and many people take them all their lives. These include: "L-thyroxin", "Eutiroks", etc. Also, pregnant women can take these drugs and should do so during pregnancy and after giving birth.
- Well, symptomatic treatment to improve the quality of life. Cardioprotectors for normal heart rhythm, nootropics - to improve the work of the central nervous system and the brain, women's hormone preparations are needed to restore the menstrual cycle and essential vitamin complexes.
Acceptance of all the above-mentioned drugs practically does not affect the quality of life of a person negatively, you can live with it, if it is controlled. But if you let everything take its course, then the consequences can be dire. Here is what the patient can face if he does not take measures:
- Enlargement of the thyroid gland in size.
- Birth of a child with developmental problems.
- Hypothyroid coma and death.
Causes and signs of elevated hormone TSH
In medicine, those cases where the hormone TSH is higher than normal in women and men is called hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is characterized by excessive activity of the thyroid gland and an excess of produced hormones T3 and T4. This state is the complete opposite of hypothyroidism, that is, the body experiences a so-called “fire of metabolism” when all metabolic processes are accelerated. Hyperthyroidism is also called thyrotoxicosis and is more common in young women.
Most often, thyrotoxicosis develops as a result of Grave's disease or Plummer's disease. Often this is inherited from the mother who suffered from hyperthyroidism during pregnancy.In addition to all of the above, an uncontrolled intake of thyroid hormones and iodine preparations may also be the cause of increased hormone TSH in women.
And now we will tell about the clinical manifestations of thyrotoxicosis. The main features of this disease include:
- Sinus tachycardia, increased heart rate.
- Protrusion of the eyeball, eyelid edema, increased dryness of the eyes. By the way, eye symptoms occur in half of patients with hyperthyroidism.
- Sleep disturbance, restlessness, tremor of limbs, unreasonable fear.
- The feeling of lack of air, persistent dyspnea as a result of edema.
- In men, a decrease in potency, in women, a violation of ovulation and the menstrual cycle.
- Unlike hypothyroidism, with thyrotoxicosis, weight loss occurs, even with increased appetite.
- Also, the overall body temperature rises, sweating appears even in a cool room.
- The patient looks exhausted, experiencing muscle pain and weakness.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism
Treatment of thyrotoxicosis (hyperthyroidism) is based on the suppression of the activity of the thyroid gland, and for this purpose, patients are prescribed thyrostatic drugs (Mercazolil, Mertizol, and Tiamazole).For pregnant and lactating women there is a more benign drug - "propylthiouracil". In addition, radioiodine therapy is used, which consists in taking radioactive iodine. But if you have an individual intolerance to all of the above drugs, or you have a large goiter, then all the indications for surgery.
TSH in pregnant and lactating
During pregnancy, the hormonal system of each wife undergoes changes, including in the thyroid gland. And since this gland affects the formation of the baby’s organs and its full development, the planning of pregnancy requires the consultation of an endocrinologist and control of the level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), as well as triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). And already with the onset of pregnancy, the thyroid gland begins to work in double volume, if only because the blood circulation increases. This measure is necessary in order to, firstly, to preserve the pregnancy in the early stages, since these hormones affect the function of the corpus luteum of the ovary, which, in turn, produces progesterone.And secondly, the fetus has its own thyroid gland only developing by week 16, therefore, my mother's thyroid should work for two.
And now tell you about the rate of hormone TSH in pregnant women. As we have said, the rate of hormone TSH in a woman who does not expect a baby varies from 0.4 to 4.0 mU / liter. But during pregnancy, these figures are slightly different. For example, in the first trimeter, the permissible values are 0.1-2.5 mU / liter, and in the second and third - from 0.2 to 3.0 mU / liter. Typically, the control of the level of thyroid-stimulating hormone in pregnant women is carried out at 6-8 weeks, in order to exclude in advance possible pathologies of the endocrine system. And whatever the deviation from the normal values, upward or downward, it can be very dangerous for the baby. Very often, thyroid abnormalities cause miscarriages, placental abruption, malformation of the child and premature birth.
It is also worth taking into account separately and multiple pregnancies, because in this case the TSH will be reduced completely.
A lot of young mommies, who have had problems with the production of thyroid hormones, relax and stop taking hormones after birth. This is fundamentally wrong, especially when it comes to a nursing mother.TSH (hormone) in lactating women also has its own rules, the observance of which directly depends on lactation.
When is it worth testing for thyroid stimulating hormone?
When any suspicion of failure in the endocrine system, namely the thyroid gland, a specialist prescribes an analysis to determine the concentration of thyrotropin. Typically, such indications include:
- Delayed sexual development.
- The emergence of causeless weakness.
- Regular depression.
- Reduced sexual desire.
- Increase or decrease in blood pressure.
- Excessive drowsiness or, conversely, insomnia.
- Infertility and impotence.
- Puffiness of eyes, neck, arms and legs.
- Excessive hair loss, even baldness.
All this may indicate a violation in the work of the thyroid gland. And to determine whether a problem exists, it is possible only by blood. The analysis is performed on TSH from a vein, in the morning on an empty stomach or at least three hours before breakfast. If you are already undergoing treatment, then on this day it is not recommended to take the drug, since the blood must be clean, for greater reliability of the result. Also for two days you should not take alcohol and eat fatty foods.Usually, when taking tests for determining the pathologies of the endocrine system, not only blood on the TSH is donated, but also T3 free, T4 free and antibodies to thyroglobulin.
Prevention of thyroid disease
The basis for the prevention of pathologies of the endocrine system is timely treatment. And if you are at risk, then you need to regularly conduct inspections and be tested for hormones. Only then can you control your condition.
Now you know what hormone TSH is responsible for in women and men and how important it is to control its level in time. We would advise even for prophylactic purposes once a year to undergo an examination by an endocrinologist and pass the necessary tests. So you can identify the pathology in the early stages and come to grips with treatment. Be healthy!