Vaccinations for cats. Vaccinations for domestic cats: schedule
Few will resist the love and tenderness of a cat. These wonderful animals are unpretentious, sociable, tender. Sooner or later, every potential owner who wants to have this enchanting creature for himself wonders if cats need vaccinations.
What is vaccination for?
Some believe that it is not necessary to vaccinate domestic cats, because these cute animals do not leave the apartment or house. However, this view is wrong. Cat breeders complain that vaccines for various diseases cost a lot of money, and their pet is also not at risk. Unfortunately, the animal is at risk of infection, even if it is not in contact with infected congeners. Every veterinarian will say that vaccinations are needed for cats, since it is likely that the pet owner will bring an infection from his street on his shoes. Due to the fact that these curious animals go everywhere and sniff everything, it will not be difficult for them to pick up the infection from their shoes.
Non-sterilized cats are also at risk, having a special feature “walking” every few months and rubbing against shoes and other items. It is very important to take care of rabies prevention in your pet beforehand. You need to know that this virus is tenacious. Once on the grass or soil from an infected animal, it can stay there for a long time, until someone steps on it, taking it with them. In addition, a number of vaccinations are mandatory for pets whose owners love to attend cat shows. In most cases, vaccination is a prerequisite for the participation of the animal in such an event.
What is dangerous rabies?
What vaccinations do cats? This question is asked by amateurs to take pets in the summer to the country, because there the pet contacts with relatives or wild animals. Vaccination against rabies cat is required, because the disease is a danger to humans. Penetrating into the body, the virus spreads through the central nervous system. After that, it begins to multiply in the nerve nodules of the salivary glands.The subsequent spread of the virus in the brain of an animal causes an increase in reflex excitability and inflammation. A cat dies as a result of paralysis of the respiratory muscles.
For the past few years, the suburbs and other regions have been unfavorable in terms of animal rabies. Every year there is a registration of new cases. Unfortunately, this disease does not respond to treatment, so sick pets have to be put to sleep. The easiest and most effective way out of this situation is a preventive vaccination against rabies in the cat and other pets, which is done once a year. In regions under the threat of the spread of a dangerous virus, veterinary services carry out regular free injections to dogs and cats once a year. Modern rabies vaccines are well tolerated by cats without causing side effects. Currently, Russian drugstores are widely used drugs such as "Rabies", "Nobivak", "Quadriket", "Rabikan."
Of course, special attention is paid to vaccination of small kittens. Due to the fact that their immunity is still weakened, the majority of infectious diseases represent a mortal danger for them.Vaccinations for cats are necessary because they protect against infections as well as subsequent complications. Before vaccination, a pet must be dewormed: cleaning the body of parasites. According to the rules, it is held twice with an interval of ten days. At the end of the second stage of deworming, it is necessary to count another ten days, after which you can carry the pet to the veterinary clinic. What vaccinations cats need, the doctor will tell.
Injection from distemper - is it necessary?
Vaccination against panleukopenia, or feline distemper, is carried out at the age of eight weeks. After the first injection, a second vaccination is done at twelve weeks or later - based on the kitten’s health and the individual vet’s appointment. This is the prevention of one of the most dangerous diseases for a pet, the consequences of which may be irreversible. The virus can be picked up from a person’s shoes, while walking, as well as after talking with animals that had recovered. In the event of infection, the infection instantly spreads throughout the body, affecting the lymphoid organs, bone marrow, lungs, heart, and digestive system.
In adult animals, the disease manifests itself only after seven days. Among cats who do not have immunity to this ailment, in half of the cases death occurs. A vaccine against distemper cat will not harm health, but will save from complications or death.
Prevention of rhinotracheitis and calcivirosis
Eight weeks is the time for vaccination and against other diseases. What vaccinations do cats at this age? Prick vaccine against rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis. These diseases are very serious and difficult to treat. Sad statistics show that infected animals die more often than they recover from such infections. Therefore, it is much better to carry out prophylaxis in time, than to have later experiences and a burden of responsibility for the sick pet.
Vaccinations of domestic cats include prevention of such a dangerous disease as leukemia. Before vaccination, it is imperative to donate the kitten’s blood to check the absence of this disease. Inoculation against leukemia, first of all, it is necessary to make animals that actively participate in exhibitions or travel.They are also advised to carry out prophylaxis against microsporia, or ringworm. This dermatological disease has very serious consequences, so for your own peace of mind it is better to inject the vaccine in time. Vaccinations for cats from ringworm can be done from three months. At this age, the kitten's immunity is already prepared for this kind of prevention.
What else needs to be remembered?
What vaccinations do cats have from twelve to sixteen weeks? It is recommended to vaccinate against chlamydia. This infection is not so common among pets, so its prevention is not a mandatory measure.
Afraid to forget, what should be vaccinated cats? The graph in this case is the best solution. It is prepared by a veterinarian in agreement with the owner or independently. The number of vaccines depends on whether the animal will attend exhibitions, walk or travel to the country.
Vaccination cats: schedule
At the age of 12 weeks - vaccination against rabies, panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, calcivirosis, chlamydia. A break for three to four weeks, then a repeated injection.Revaccination is done annually.
At the age of 1 to 6 months - vaccinations against trichophytia, microsporia. After two weeks, you need a second injection. Revaccination is carried out every year.
It should be borne in mind that this scheme is typical, it should be used only in consultation with the veterinarian. It will clarify and complement the schedule of vaccinations depending on many factors, including the state of health. Only in this case, the kitten develops a long and lasting immunity. But it is important to remember that after vaccination protection is activated only after ten days. All this time it is necessary to be especially attentive to your pet, to exclude hypothermia, drafts, walks, swimming.
All vaccinations for cats, if desired and for the purpose of convenience, are recorded in a special diary. In addition, the doctor himself makes the necessary marks for each injection in the veterinary passport of the animal.
It is advisable to remember some rules of vaccination.
1. In case the kitten's mother is vaccinated, the injection is given to the baby no earlier than 12 weeks. If not vaccinated or unknown, vaccination is prescribed at 8 weeks.
2. In the period when the kitten's teeth change, do not recommend vaccinations.
3It is also undesirable to vaccinate pregnant cats, as this may have a negative impact on the health of the offspring.
4. Before vaccination, the obligatory conditions are deworming and a preliminary examination by a veterinarian.
5. All vaccinations are carried out only by a doctor. Otherwise, there is a possibility of negative consequences.
6. After the injection, it is important to carefully monitor the condition of the animal. If you experience prolonged indisposition, prolonged appetite, or other uncharacteristic signs, you should show your pet to a veterinarian.
7. Does it make sense to repeat the vaccination complex annually? Of course, since in the case of infection treatment will cost much more.
Thus, vaccination for cats is an integral part of care. A loving owner should take care of the health of his pet in advance by spending time the prevention of dangerous infections and diseases. Only in this case, you can be sure that your beloved animal will be protected from diseases, their complications and will continue to delight its owner for many years.