US Vice President: Key Information and Responsibilities
Recently, against the background of an aggravated world political situation, special attention from ordinary citizens has been riveted to the United States of America. To the rumor of millions of people constantly the president of this country, but also many forget that in this influential state there is another very interesting post - the vice-president of the United States. We will talk in more detail in this article about this faithful servant of the American people, their functions, duties, and powers.
The US Vice President is the second most important official in a fairly complex system of executive power in a North American country. The main constitutional function of an official can be considered the fact that in the event of death, resignation or voluntary withdrawal from the power of the acting head of state, the vice president is obliged to replace him in the post as soon as possible.
To date, the current "second fiddle" of the United States is Michael Pence, who took office on January 20, 2017 after being elected as the head of the United States, Donald Trump.
The Vice President of the United States is elected in parallel with the first person of the country. The point is that absolutely every candidate for the presidency certainly has a partner who claims to be the vice-president. It is noteworthy that the second person, like the leader of the state, must be on the basis of the Constitution representatives of the same political party, but at the same time serving the interests of different states in order to observe the equality of the electoral process.
To the candidate for the post of vice-president, they impose, in fact, exactly the same requirements as for a person who wants to become directly head of the White House. Thus, on the basis of the 12th Amendment of the Constitution, the future second person of the United States must necessarily be a citizen of this country, be born on its territory and live for at least 14 years within its borders, must be at least 35 years old. At the same time, there are no restrictions on the number of terms of office, unlike the presidential limit of two terms.
The twentieth amendment of the main law of the United States states that the Vice-President of the United States officially takes office on January 20 of the year following the presidential election at noon. In the process of the inauguration of the state’s first person, the selected vice-president also takes the oath literally a few minutes before the new head of the United States. In this connection, there was a wrong opinion in society, that during this very short period of time the vice-president is the full leader of the country, but this is in no way true to reality. It is worth noting that the oath of the second most important civil servant does not have a clearly worded text in the Constitution. In the entire history of the state, different types of oaths were used, but, starting from 1884, its form was finally approved, and it is still used today.
The powers of the vice-president of the United States are reduced to replacing the president of the country in the event that it is impossible for the latter to fulfill the duties assigned to him for various reasons. Also, the vice-president formally heads the upper house of the Congress of Power (Senate).In practice, the official has the right of a decisive vote if the votes of the senators are divided equally during the voting.
It is impossible not to draw attention to the fact that the vice-presidency, as a state institution, has repeatedly been subjected to the most severe criticism. The fact is that this employee is not considered a full-fledged politician, and besides, he is often little known and therefore it is highly undesirable that such a person, under certain circumstances, be given authority over a country. At the same time, this position in itself ensures the preservation of the presidency for 4 years for one political party.
In the entire history of the vice-presidents of the United States, who later became presidents, conscientiously bore the burden of the first person of the country. A total of 14 "second persons" were able to move into the chair of the head of the White House. Of these statesmen, three — Adams, Bush Sr., and Van Buren — were elected immediately after the completion of their vice presidency. Nixon also became the leader of the United States only 8 years after his work in the background. Nine vice-presidents occupied the main office of the state after the death or resignation of the owner of the Oval Office.Another former US vice-president named Gerald Ford was not elected to his office publicly, but received them on other legal grounds.
The Vice-President resides during the fulfillment of his powers in a separate residence, which is located on the territory of the observatory of the US Navy (Washington), that is, the second person of the state is under the protection of sailors, while the marines protect the president.