Treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis: the main methods
Today, quite often, various endocrine pathologies are diagnosed, including those associated with damage to the thyroid gland. Among them, hypothyroidism, myxedema, and autoimmune thyroiditis should be noted. Euthyroidism should be distinguished from thyroid abnormalities, since this is a condition that is characterized by the normal functioning of this gland.
Autoimmune thyroiditis - what is it?
This disease is manifested by a lesion of the thyroid gland, which occurs against the background of its chronic inflammation. It is characterized by damage to the follicular cells of the thyroid by the body's immune system. Among the causes of autoimmune thyroiditis should be called viral diseases, infections, medication and the effects of radiation, psychological trauma. It should be noted that with this disease not only the thyroid gland is damaged, but also the joints, the nervous system, the organs of vision, therefore, it is necessary to carry out intensive treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis.
Basic principles of therapy
Before treating this disease, a diagnosis is carried out that allows you to find out the following:
• structure of the thyroid gland;
• its functional state;
• degree of inflammation;
• possible infections that provoke the pathological process in the thyroid gland.
Treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis involves the following:
• elimination of inflammation;
• prevention of the formation of cysts and nodes in the thyroid gland;
• correction of thyroid hormone imbalance;
• therapy of systemic disorders.
Pharmacological treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis
If the disease occurs with the development of thyrotoxicosis, patients are not recommended to take medications that suppress thyroid function (thyrostatics), since in this case its hyperfunction is absent. Therefore, only symptomatic therapy is performed. For example, in case of marked disorders of the cardiovascular system, beta-blockers are prescribed. If autoimmune thyroiditis occurs with the development of hypothyroidism, then replacement therapy is performed, which includes the administration of thyroid hormone preparations. Most often, when this is used "L-thyroxin."In pain syndrome, glucocorticoid therapy is indicated. To reduce the number of autoantibodies, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed: Indomethacin, Voltaren, or Metindol.
Surgical treatment of autoimmune thyroiditis
Surgery is resorted to in exceptional cases: if there is a high risk of malignancy, compression of the thyroid trachea or blood vessels, when the effect of conservative therapy is absent. The thyroid gland is extirpated, after which antithyroid antibodies can be detected in the blood for some time.
When autoimmune thyroiditis can also be applied methods of microwave, laser, magnetic or bioresonance therapy. In addition, the complex treatment should include folk methods that involve the use of tincture of celandine, parsley or bear bile, decoction of seaweed, carrot juice and cabbage, spinach or beets. How to treat autoimmune thyroiditis, should determine the doctor. The isolated use of folk techniques can be life threatening. It should be remembered that in order to obtain the maximum therapeutic effect, it should be combined with the therapy of any disease, including pathologies of the thyroid gland.