The writing about "The Cherry Orchard": what questions are raised in the work
Although the play is defined as a comedy, in fact it raises serious issues. For example, in Soviet times there was a popular and priority interpretation of the work as a look at the further development of Russia. Therefore, an essay on the topic of the future in the play "The Cherry Orchard" is in the list of topics that are proposed for writing. But besides this, there is a place in the work for conflicts, both internal and between the characters. Therefore, it is difficult to consider it from the point of view of one genre. The writing about "The Cherry Orchard" is included in the school curriculum.
Summary of the play
Before turning to the essay on the theme "The Cherry Orchard", you need to briefly describe the plot of the work and the main characters. The hostess, Ranevskaya, along with her younger daughter, Anya, returns to the estate from abroad. Their estate can be sold by auction for debts.At home they are waited by the brother of the hostess Gayev, the adopted daughter of Varya, the enterprising merchant Lopakhin and the "eternal student" Petya Trofimov.
Lopakhin proposes Ranevskaya a solution, how they can keep their estate: they have to cut down the cherry orchard and build summer cottages, which can then be rented out. But for the brother and sister, such a proposal seems offensive and even vulgar, so they hope for the help of a wealthy relative. Trofimov is indifferent to the problem of Ranevskaya and says that the cherry orchard is a relic of rich people, so you should not worry about it, but you need to move forward. Anya, admiring the young man’s bold ideas, supports him.
Varya, who likes Lopakhin, does not like Petya, so sometimes she tells him offensive things. She does not like the idea of Lopakhin’s dachas, because she sympathizes with Mama. By the decisive day, they are not able to collect the required amount, and Ermolai Alekseevich Lopakhin promises to do everything in the best possible way.
As a result, he buys the estate and does not hide his joy, despite the sorrow of Lyubov Andreevna. He is proud to have bought the house in which his grandfather and father were serfs, and now he is the owner.Without waiting for the departure of Ranevskaya and other members of her family, Lopakhin instructs to cut down the cherry orchard. Varya asks him to wait until Ranevskaya leaves the manor. Soon all the inhabitants are leaving, while workers continue to cut down cherry trees.
What does the cherry orchard symbolize?
One of the proposed themes for the composition is the image of the garden in the play "The Cherry Orchard". Because it is he who is the main character. After all, the main action of the play is tied around him. So what does this garden represent?
We can say that it symbolizes Russia, which at that time was on the verge of great changes. Ranevskaya returns to her homeland (in her estate), but realizes that she can no longer stay there. Also, after the revolution, most of the nobility had to go to other countries.
Lopakhin, on the other hand, is a member of a simple class who gained momentum and had to overthrow the old regime. The cutting of cherry trees, which (as Trofimov noted) personified the slave labor of the peasants, speaks about this. That's why he told Anya that there was no need to pity the cherry orchard, it was time for changes.In the essay on "The Cherry Orchard," he is the main theme.
The ratio of heroes to the estate
No less interesting and significant in the work is the way the characters react to the situation that develops around the estate. In his essay on The Cherry Orchard, it should be noted that the characters of the characters are revealed through it.
Love Ranevskaya and Gaev are shown as natures capable of deeply experiencing, but they cannot do anything: for this they lack the decisiveness and willpower. Lopakhin, through the idea of dachas, is revealed as an active and practical person who tries to do everything profitably. And the cherry orchard for him is a way to show that now ordinary people have power, not just rich nobles.
Trofimov refers to the garden as a relic of serfdom, so he cannot understand Ranevskaya’s feelings for the estate. In his opinion, he is only pulling back, then how to develop further.
The relationship between the characters
In the essay on the theme "The Cherry Orchard," you can write a few words about interpersonal relationships. Lyubov Ranevskaya does not care about any of her family members: she is most concerned with the estate and her personal life.She, as well as her brother Gajev, is cared for by the eldest daughter Varya, as one of the most serious and responsible in the play. The very same girl feels sympathy for Lopakhin and it is unpleasant to her because Ermolai Alekseevich for a long time does not make her an offer. But more she does not like the fact that he is insensitive to the experiences of her loved ones.
For Lopakhin, any useful activity and satisfaction of his vanity is in the first place. As a result, despite his sympathy for Var, he is not in a hurry to demonstrate his feelings. Another possible love couple can be called Anya and Trofimova. Although it is difficult for a young man to determine whether he has any feelings for a girl because he is “above love”. But for Ani, he is the embodiment of bold ideas, she admires him.
Meeting different eras
In the essay on the play "The Cherry Orchard" it should also be noted that the misunderstanding between the characters is not only due to different characters. In the work, the characters are representatives of different eras, as a result of which interpersonal conflicts arise. Ranevskaya and Gaev - these are representatives of the gradual era of the nobility, in which the family tree and the prosperous financial condition were most appreciated.
Lopakhin is the upcoming era in which the main role was played by active people, ordinary people from the people. In it the main thing - work and bringing benefits to society. Anya and Petya Trofimov - this was the estate of the intelligentsia, which at that time did not adhere to any firm positions, but the main thing for them was the constant pursuit of the ideal.
Who is the future of Russia?
In the essay on "The Cherry Orchard," you can write the argument about who was the future of the Russian state. Because the play itself does not answer this question. Despite the fact that the main candidates are Lopakhin, Anya and Trofimov, it is impossible to say with confidence that they are the hope for a new future.
Neither Lopakhin nor Petya could appreciate beauty, the feelings in their lives did not matter much. But without this, it is impossible to create a society that would be compassionate and attentive to other people. Anya is shown as the only emerging person with no firm convictions, so it is not known what views she will follow anymore.
The play "The Cherry Orchard" is not just a work about the future of Russia. It helps the reader to think about life values and suggests how to create a good and fair society.