The tone of the uterus in early pregnancy. Tonus of the uterus during pregnancy: symptoms, causes, effects
Many pregnant women are familiar sensations when the uterus is in good shape. This condition is considered dangerous and requires medical intervention. If a woman sees a doctor in a timely manner, uterine contractions can be suspended as soon as possible.
Today, this pathology is considered the most common complication of pregnancy among expectant mothers. Therefore, every pregnant woman must know what the "uterus in tone" means in order to prevent dangerous consequences.
What is the tone of the uterus
This is a contraction of the uterus, which is a big threat to pregnancy. The fact is that the uterus consists of muscle tissue. It is during muscle contraction that hypertonus is created.
So, the uterus tend to shrink.During certain periods, a pregnant woman may feel a slight tone in the lower abdomen. Some doctors believe this is normal, since the uterus prepares for natural childbirth during pregnancy. But if the cuts are frequent, painful, and time consuming, the woman requires immediate hospitalization. The tone of the uterus in early pregnancy leads to the threat of miscarriage. Therefore, the consequences are very dangerous without medical intervention.
Causes of hypertonus
In most cases, uterine tone in early pregnancy can be prevented. To do this, you should know the reasons that provoke a reduction.
- Physiological features of the body.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Inflammation of the uterus and appendages.
- Strong toxicosis in the first trimester.
- Strenuous exercise.
- Stress and nervous disorders.
- Viral and infectious diseases during pregnancy.
- Smoking and alcohol abuse.
- Biological age of the woman. The risk of developing hypertonus increases in women younger than 18 and older than 30 years.
- Numerous abortions in the past.
- Multiple pregnancy or large fetus.
- Rhesus conflict.
- Improper nutrition.Many pregnant women do not even realize that the appearance of a tone is influenced by some dishes and food. During pregnancy, women should limit the use of salt, specific spices, herbal teas and foods that cause gas formation.
In medicine, described a large number of factors that adversely affect pregnancy. Uterus tone: what to do when the cause of the condition is known? First, it is necessary to exclude the further action of the provoking factor and trace the change in the state of the woman. If there are certain signs of pathology, you need to go to the hospital.
Symptoms of increased uterine tone
At any stage of pregnancy, a woman can feel the tone of the uterus. How to define this condition should be known to all women "in position."
Tonus in the feather trimester
At this stage of pregnancy, the woman feels a contraction of the uterus, which can be accompanied by pain and bloody discharge. If the pregnant woman lies on her back, the stomach will become very hard. The tone of the uterus in early pregnancy is dangerous its interruption.
Second Trimester Tonus
During this period of pregnancy, hypertonus is felt more pronounced. There are new sensations that are impossible not to pay attention. First of all, a woman complains of pain in the lower abdomen and colored discharge. To make it easier for doctors to recognize the pathology, it is recommended for pregnant women to use daily pads.
In the second trimester, the pain can spread to the back, the woman feels the tension of the spine and aching in the lower back. Sometimes pain can manifest itself in other organs.
Tonus in the third trimester
The uterus during pregnancy prepares for childbirth and in the later periods begins to gradually intensify. Starting from week 31, the uterus may periodically contract, causing “training contractions”. This condition is considered normal and does not require treatment. But nevertheless the uterus tone can take place. How to determine the condition of a pregnant woman depends on the symptoms. Therefore, to correctly recognize the tone in the third trimester is much more difficult. As a rule, with hypertonus in late periods, in addition to pain and characteristic discharge, a rare and painful mobility of the child can be observed.This should alert the doctor, this condition requires an immediate examination of the woman to prevent premature birth.
How to recognize false contractions
Training fights mainly appear in the early stages of pregnancy. With the development of the fetus, these reductions may occur more often, and the sensations become more vivid.
False contractions are easier to feel in the evening when the woman is relaxed and resting. They appear painless infrequent contractions of the uterus, which can last no more than 60 seconds. During labor, the uterus will become very hard. Then the tone stops and the pregnant woman feels normally. Also, false contractions can occur after slight physical exertion.
False contractions are not dangerous for pregnancy, but still it is better to consult a doctor. Only a specialist can distinguish these abbreviations from training.
The effects of tonus
Increased tone reduces blood flow to the placenta. This means that the fetus receives inadequate nutrients and oxygen. As a result, hypoxia, placental insufficiency and delayed development of the child develop.
Because of the hypertonus, the cervix can open ahead of time, which leads to the development of isthmic-cervical insufficiency. There may also be premature detachment of the placenta, accompanied by bleeding.
In difficult situations, hypertonus leads in the early stages to a missed abortion or to premature delivery in the later stages.
If a woman suspects that the uterus is in good shape, what should be done in this case? First of all, you should relax and calm down. Excessive nervous tension can only harm. Then you should definitely consult a doctor.
Based on the complaints of the pregnant woman and the data of her examination, the doctor determines the tone of the uterus. Treatment is most often carried out in a hospital. Women are prescribed antispasmodics and drugs to reduce activity. For the period of treatment a pregnant woman should adhere to bed rest.
The tone of the uterus in early pregnancy indicates a hormonal deficiency, therefore, in this period, progesterone drugs are prescribed.
In addition, depending on the condition of the woman, calming drugs are prescribed to calm her feelings about pregnancy in order to prevent a worsening of the existing condition.
Treatment should always take place under the supervision of a physician and monitoring of heartbeat, blood pressure and blood sugar.
If, after treatment, the woman is not disturbed by anything, uterine contractions are rare and irregular, and as a result of the examination and ultrasound examination there is no threat to the pregnancy, the woman can stay at home for the whole subsequent period.
Prevention of uterine tone
It is necessary for a pregnant woman to break at least one recommendation of the doctor, and the uterus is in good shape. What to do to prevent its reduction?
- It is very important to maintain emotional calm, do not be nervous once again. Otherwise, the tone is inevitable. No problem can be more important than the health of the baby.
- Include magnesium-rich foods in your daily diet. This trace element helps to relax the muscles of the uterus, and also calms the nervous system. Magnesium is found in large quantities in buckwheat, oatmeal, beans, green vegetables and bran bread.
- If there is no edema and other medical contraindications, you need to drink at least 2 liters of water throughout the day. Fluid helps fight constipation and dehydration,which are very dangerous with hypertonus.
- Use more fiber to prevent intestinal problems.
- Enough to relax and get enough sleep.
- Limit physical activity.
- Refrain from sexual intercourse.
- Daily walk in the fresh air and ventilate the room before going to bed.
And the most important rule - to smile every day and happily wait for the future meeting with the baby. Only positive emotions can relieve any excitement and tension. After all, nothing can replace this wonderful condition that a woman experiences during pregnancy.