The most creative freestyle sport
One of the winter sports thatrelatively recently entered the Olympic program, is a ski freestyle. The name comes from the merger of two English words - "free" and "style", therefore, this sport discipline can also be called skiing freestyle.
A bit of history
The pioneers of this sport arebrave skiers who in the early sixties of the twentieth century surprised with their eccentricities vacationers at the ski resorts in the Alps. What only they did not get up! The involuntary spectators of these tricks sometimes amused, and at times even drove into horror. Skiers were called only crazy or crazy (English crazy). And when asked why they are so risking their health and even their lives, lovers of free style responded briefly: "Out of boredom." Then they did not even suspect that these "eccentrics" in the near future would not just be a common hobby or entertainment for extreme people, but would grow into a new sport - freestyle. And if they knew that in a few decades, he would also become an Olympic discipline, they would certainly not have believed.
Freestyle sport: development and distribution around the world
Later, this kind of riding became popular not onlyat European resorts, but also in the mountains of North America, Japan, the Himalayas. Every year the army of freestyle fans increased. Everyone tried to bring new elements and tricks into this style. The first freestyle competitions were not held in Europe - in the homeland of this sport, but in the mountains of the USA in 1971. Gradually formed three official sports disciplines: mogul, ski ballet (acrosking) and ski acrobatics. Since 1978, multi-stage competitions have been held in all of these types.
Freestyle - sport for extreme sports
With the development of this skiing all-aroundreplenished with new disciplines. Along with the mogul, acroskings and ski acrobatics, new directions and styles have appeared: ski (aerial) acrobatics, ski-cross, slopestyle, havpipe, nyuskul and others. By the way, in 1999, acrosking left the official programs of the Olympic competitions. All these types required from athletes incredible dexterity, courage and bravado. After all, they are accompanied by a huge risk to health, being more than traumatic. However, the most important thing that should have been different freestylers - it's originality. In a word, this kind of sport - freestyle - has grouped around itself extraordinary personalities whose common goal was to surprise with their skill and ingenuity, and to compete with other talented sportsmen.
Freestyle - Olympic sport
By 1984, freestyle became popular all over the world. In the same year it was decided to include this sport, freestyle (photo in the article), in the Olympic program. Athletes from the USSR, USA, Norway, Canada, France, China, Australia and Russia competed for the first time at the Olympic Games in Sarajevo (Yugoslavia). The first freestyle champions were representatives of France and the United States. They won the mogul - skiing on a hillocky slope (250 meters), during which it was necessary to perform two original tricks. The next olympiad included acrobatic freestyle. Skiing - this is not the most comfortable sports projectile, with which you can make the most difficult flips, jumps and stuff, but the performances of experienced athletes were so beautiful that they acted fascinating to a multi-million audience. After that, the army of freestyle lovers increased several times, and this sport was considered the most popular among winter species. At the next Olympiad in Calgary (Canada) in the competition for this sport was just a huge audience, which could be compared in numbers, except with fans of figure skating and hockey.
Features of ski acrobatics
Elements of acrobatics are present in varioussports: jumping in the water, sports and artistic gymnastics, etc. Ski acrobatics is considered a kind of such creative sports discipline, which is a relatively young sport of freestyle. Here, experienced athletes with a special springboard perform a series of two jumps, each of which is complicated in its own way. The jumps are of three types: triple, or large (slope 70 degrees, height 4 m 5 cm), double, or medium (slope 65 degrees, height - three and a half meters) and salty or small (slope 55 degrees, height 2 meter and 10 cm). For a landing choose a mountain with a loose snow cover. How is the skill of athletes judged? Judges accrue points for technicality at a separation from a springboard, accuracy of a flight trajectory, for originality of a figure and accuracy of landing.
Other meanings of freestyle
As it was already noted earlier, this term comes from two English words and is literally translated as "free style".Hence, they can be designated as freestyle in other sports, as well as completely different phenomena. So, freestyle, in addition to what is a type of ski, it is also a kind of parachuting, the kind of skateboarding and motor sport, the ability to juggle a football, dancing to music with a dog and much more. This term is today called various sites, travel agencies, improvisations in rap, music direction. In Russia, even in the nineties of the last century there was a very popular pop band called Freestyle.