The main types and forms of ownership

The main types and forms of ownership

In the process of human development, ideas about such important economic concepts as types and forms of ownership have changed significantly. They are directly dependent on each other and are predetermined by the currently existing historical, political, economic and other conditions of society.Types and forms of ownershipThe type of property is considered to be a qualitatively different stage of its development. It is due to the existence of a social and economic system. While the form means the special character of the belonging of factors and results of labor to the main subjects of social production. There are the following forms of ownership: private, collective, public. So private. It appears where the material means and the results of labor belong to any one subject or group of persons. Collective - a single whole of labor and property rights. Each team member has an equal right to the means of production and products.Public ownership implies the ownership of benefits to society as a whole, most often it acts as a state form. It occurs either during nationalization, or during the construction of facilities from the state budget, or as a result of the acquisition of shares of enterprises (controlling stake).

The scope of each form of ownership

Forms of ownership in constructionIn a market economy, each form has its own, most effective, scope. If we talk about the state, it is applicable where it is impossible or extremely difficult to use the mechanisms of market incentives. Collective and its variety - the joint-stock form is expedient when it is necessary to concentrate the available funds and resources. Another type of group ownership is cooperative. Its main feature is that, despite the participation, the owner of the results and production factors is the collective as a whole. The private form of ownership is applicable in the case when funds for the maintenance of economic activity can be accumulated by the forces of one subject.

Property Types

All types and forms of ownership in their framework are divided into types. So, for example, private property includes personal, private labor, and non-labor property. Cooperative collectives include partnerships, partnerships, joint-stock companies and joint ventures. A state can be divided into republican and municipal.

Forms of ownership in construction

State and municipal ownershipAll the forms mentioned above also take place here. Depending on this, the entity acquiring the property will have a certain set of rights. So, if the property is individual, the owner can sell, buy, rent this object without any restrictions. In other cases, he will need to go through a series of approvals. State and municipal forms of ownership suggest the possibility of using the object, but, for example, to carry out the purchase and sale transaction will fail.


Thus, in modern society it is customary to distinguish the following types and forms of ownership: private (individual), collective (group), and also public, which most often plays the role of the state.Each of them can go one to another through different mechanisms, for example, privatization, nationalization and others. A form of property has its own scope of application, in which its use is as efficient as possible.

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