The book "Acts of the Apostles": the date and history of writing, the interpretation of events
The Acts of the Apostles is the first book published in Russia. It is assumed that the time of its creation - the beginning of the second century AD. Who wrote this unique work, as stated in the book - these questions we propose to consider in the article.
When was the book written?
The “Acts of the Apostles,” as is known, were written some time after the Gospel of Luke. The author Luke is mentioned in Mark's Gospel, which was dated to about 70 AD. Therefore, it is clear that the Gospel of Luke could not have been written before this deadline.
In fact, scientists say that Luke wrote at the end of the first century. In addition, we can assume that the author of the work “The Acts of the Apostles” relied on the book “The Antiquities of the Jews,” written by the Jewish historian Joseph and presented to humanity in 93 AD.
For example, his appeal to Gamaliel of the following passage:
"(Acts 5:34): Then he stood alone in the council, named Gamaliel, doctor of the law, a senior among all people, and he said to them: about what you are going to do, touching these people. to be someone, joined by several people, about four hundred people; he was killed, and all who obeyed him were scattered and brought to nothing. After this, Judas rose from Galilee during the time of hiding and took many people after him ; he also died, and everyone, even those who obeyed him, went their separate ways. And now I I will not refrain from these people and leave them alone, because if this person takes any action, it will come to naught, but if you couldn’t overthrow God, you would not be found even in a fight against God. " These words were attributed to the Acts of Gamaliel, but he could not be responsible for them.
It is assumed that he survived the revolt of Teuda and "after him Judah of Galilee." If this meeting of Sanhedrin took place around 35 AD, Theuda's rebellion has not yet taken place. After all, it is known that the rebellion of Judah Galilean occurred 30 years before.
Luke wrote The Acts of the Apostles after the eventand he did not realize his mistake, which was probably due to the fact that, although Josephus had the correct chronology, he mentioned Judas after mentioning Teud.
A misinterpretation or poor exposition of antiquities could have caused someone to think that Teuda lived before Judah of Galilee. From this and many other examples, we can establish with certainty that the book on the deeds of the apostles was written in the early years of the second century.
For whom was the book written?
The Christian point of view is that Luke wrote The Acts of the Holy Apostles as a historical account of the early years of Christianity. The book is addressed to Theophilus, but it had to be written for a wider audience, including new converts and potential converts.
Theophilus (“friend of God”) may have been a real person or simply symbolized believers. It seems that the laws were written by the Christian community, which began to identify itself in contrast to the Gnostic Christians, and the author seems to be trying to collect different directions of this Christianity.
The readership of the Acts of the Apostles probably included most of the "centrist" Christian community.Perhaps this was aimed at the adherents of the "Paulista" and the Gnostics who were able to adopt a centrist approach to Christianity. This shows that Christians were friendly and loyal to Rome, therefore, they may also have been people who were meant to impress the Romans as a sign that Christianity was not subject to Roman rule.
What books did the apostle Paul write?
Paul wrote most of the books in the New Testament: To the Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Ephesians, Galatians, Encounters, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, Philemon and the Philippians.
What two Gospel books were written by the apostles?
The history of the second century tells us that the Gospels of Matthew and John were written by the apostles, although the books were originally anonymous. The modern interpreters of the New Testament say that this was not the case, since none of the Gospels could be written by an eyewitness to the events that were depicted.
What apostles of the Bible say what is written?
The phrase "written" appears in 93 verses of the Bible. The following books of the New Testament include the texts of such authors: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John: Acts, Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Hebrews and 1 Peter.
How did the apostles write the books of the Bible?
Each of them was inspired by God (see 2 Timothy 3: 16-17), and the clerk usually wrote down their words. The interpretation of the acts of the holy apostles teaches Christians to follow the word of Jesus and not to stray from the right path.
Let's sum up
The book "Acts of the Holy Apostles" was most likely written at the beginning of the second century AD. Since then, she has become a guide for Christians in following Jesus and his followers. This amazing work was the first print publication in Russia. By studying the written truths of Christianity, a person can discover for himself a world in which forgiveness and love reigns for all members of the human race.