The biggest turtle in the world: photo
For many, the tortoise is a sweet, calm and small creature. However, the amazing nature and here shows its wonders - these reptiles can grow to gigantic proportions. It turns out that there are many such reptiles, and they are all listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
The biggest turtle in the world is Archelon. Its weight is 600 kg.
The article presents some of the world's largest turtles existing today in nature.
Record holder among freshwater individuals
The largest among freshwater reptiles is the griffed (alligator) turtle. The biggest turtle (photo in the article) weighs about 75 kilograms with a body length of 140 cm.
- feeds on fish;
- habitat - USA (southeast);
- life expectancy - an average of 60 years (under favorable conditions, live to 80);
- reptile - active hunter;
- it looks eerily outwardly: a big head with a pointed nose, like a beak, and an unpleasant, pimply skin.
It should be noted that the appearance of this turtle is not the worst in it. She is very aggressive and can even bite or severely hurt. Therefore, in America, it was forbidden to breed her at home.
The Galapagos tortoise, also called the elephant, is considered to be the absolute record holder of the currently existing species. The size of this biggest turtle is impressive - its body weight is 400 kilograms with a length of 2 meters. There are currently about 11 subspecies, although there were more of them before.
- long paws and elongated neck;
- for a long time can live without food;
- preferred delicacy is plants;
- consumes a lot of water;
- eggs lays all year;
- life expectancy - an average of 100 years (there were long-livers, who lived for about 300 years).
The elephant galapagos big turtle lives in the Galapagos Islands. Their peculiarity is that they even feed on plants that are considered poisonous.
It should be noted that about three decades ago, this species of turtles was on the verge of extinction, since their meat was a favorite delicacy of sailors from many countries.However, thanks to the efforts of scientists, some subspecies were saved. Today, the number of individuals is about 20 thousand.
The largest individual of the seas and oceans
The leatherback turtle lives in the waters of two oceans: the Atlantic and Pacific. In length, the animal reaches more than two meters with a body weight of 600 kg. This turtle is almost impossible to see, as it rarely rises from the bottom of the ocean.
The turtle living exclusively in water moves in it at a speed of 35 km / h. It swims very rarely by the sea and only at night. On the land out only in the period of laying eggs.
The main diet is marine life. In the Guinness Book, as noted above, listed one of the representatives of this species, called scientists Archelon. Its length reached more than 4 meters, and its body weight was about 2 tons. This species of the largest turtle got its name because of its unique shell, consisting of small bony plates that resemble scales.
- can not hide his head under the armor;
- the shell is not connected with the skeleton;
- the most preferred foods are shellfish, crayfish and fish;
- meat of this turtle can be eaten.
Today, this species is on the verge of extinction, and therefore a reserve has been established in the USA. Having such impressive dimensions, lives relatively little - up to 30 years.
This big turtle, the photo of which is presented in the article, is one of the three leaders of giant tortoises of the whole world. The length is 150 cm, and the body weight is 200 kg. She got her name because of her olive green body. However, there are dark brown turtles. This species is also an inhabitant of the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. On average, they live 80 years.
Often it is called and soup, due to the fact that its meat is used in the preparation of first courses. Their numbers greatly decreased due to active hunting for them. Today hunting is prohibited on these turtles.
Giant Seychelles turtle
This land reptile is also among the five largest turtles in the world. Average size - 120 cm. Habitat - Aldabra island. You can meet her in places overgrown with shrubs and tall grass. The main food of these giant animals is grassy vegetation. In captivity, they live to 150 years.
The oldest representative of the species is Advaita, a tortoise that has lived for 250 years.It turns out that this species of turtles is not only one of the largest, but also a record one in its longevity.
This tortoise, which lives in Bolivia, Brazil and in other northern states of America, should also be introduced. Arrau is found in freshwater. An adult individual in length reaches an average of more than one meter with a weight of 70 kg.
It feeds on insects and various plants. This species is now actively exploring and studying its life in natural conditions. However, the life expectancy of this turtle is still no information.
This species is one of the smallest among the ten largest turtles. Its length reaches only 35 cm. Body weight - 14 kg, however, some of the individuals weigh 30 kg. Distributed species in Canada and the United States (Central and Eastern regions). Habitat - freshwater bodies with a large amount of silt, in which turtles are easily buried in the winter for hibernation.
These reptiles are resistant to cold and can move both on ice and under ice. The diet is represented by small inhabitants of the underwater world, including carrion.The snapping turtle in the United States is being hunted, as its meat is edible and popular with locals.
Big red-eared turtle
This is also a variety of freshwater turtles. It is distributed in Mexico and America. The distinctive feature of females is that they are larger than males, and their shell length is 37 cm, while in males it is 20 cm. The turtle has red spots on the side of the head, hence its name. The habitat of the animal - dirty and marshy ponds.
The lifestyle of this turtle is sedentary. However, if there is a danger, it quickly reacts and hides. The turtle can easily adapt to life in captivity and, if properly cared for, can live up to 50 years. For its maintenance requires an aquarium of 200 liters.
Not all species of the largest turtles are presented in the article. These include the following: arrau (Tartaruga), sporiferous, fringed. All presented in the article reptiles are among the ten largest turtles.
It turns out that the records are set not only by people, but also by representatives of the animal world. And even among the turtles, seeming at first glance, slow and harmless, there are individuals, looking at which, you can even lose the gift of speech, in the most direct sense. And it is quite real.No wonder some of these animals are included in the book of records.