Skin diseases on the hands: types and treatment
Dermatological diseases are inflammatory processes that affect human skin. Very often they develop on the hands, because this part of the body is most susceptible to contact with external stimuli. For this reason, each person should carefully monitor their health and time to respond to suspicious rashes.
Causes of dermatitis
Skin diseases on the hands can occur for many reasons. The following main factors trigger the development of dermatitis:
- Biological - allergenic vegetables and fruits, some plants (euphorbia, nettle, etc.); exposure to viruses, fungi and other harmful microorganisms.
- Physical - solar radiation, friction and pressure of clothing, thermal effects.
- Chemical - household chemicals, paints and varnishes, acids, industrial chemicals, cosmetics, perfumes.
Also, skin diseases on the hands often manifest as a result of dysfunction of the internal organs, which are responsible for the metabolism and excretion of various toxins (kidneys, liver,lymphatic system, etc.). Sometimes inflammation is associated with stress, nerves, depressions, which provoke hormonal disorders.
In most cases, dermatitis develops for internal reasons, as well as due to ingestion of certain allergens.
How to identify skin diseases
Depending on the cause of the development of inflammation, its manifestations may differ slightly. In acute forms of dermatitis, intense redness, intense burning, itching and pain are observed. These are typical symptoms that describe skin diseases on the hands. Bubbles, erosion and edema are manifested in complex inflammations and may have varying degrees of severity. For example, if a chemical agent is damaged, blisters are formed, filled with liquid, which gradually burst, and in their place weeping erosion remains. After drying, dry crusts form on the affected area.
In chronic form of dermatitis, swelling of the skin can persist for a long time. The top layer of the skin noticeably thickens, there is a blueish hand, dryness and flaking of its surface.If untreated, the disease threatens epidermis atrophy.
If the dermatitis on the hands is caused by mechanical damage, then traces of rubbing remain on the affected areas. Sometimes there are swelling and blisters filled with serous fluid.
Skin diseases on the palms of the hands may take the form of corns. Upon further exposure to the irritant, yellow-brown plaques are formed. This part of the skin is more sensitive.
Skin diseases on the fingers very often occur after a long stay in the cold and are expressed in itching, burning and swelling bluish-red color.
Types of skin diseases of the hands
Depending on the reason for the development, all skin ailments of the upper limbs are divided into the following groups:
- Contact dermatitis. They are caused by a direct effect on the skin of an irritant factor and are divided into simple (temperature, radiation, chemical burns and mechanical damage) and allergies, which occur when the body is prone to rashes, as well as when the immune system functions. The main difference of contact dermatitis is the limited effect of the stimulus and the rapid recovery of the affected skin after the removal of the provoking factor.
- Toxidermia.This type of disease occurs as a result of the penetration of a harmful substance into the body, which is manifested by skin rash. This group of diseases includes neurodermatitis, atopic and dry dermatitis. Their main feature is that the irritant enters the body through airborne droplets and with food.
- Secondary dermatitis is a skin disease that occurs as a result of other ailments of the body, hormonal disorders, etc. Some of them affect the nail plate and the tissue nearest to it.
The most common contact dermatitis is fungal diseases on the fingers. You can become infected with them almost anywhere: in public transport, in the gym, in the swimming pool, in the sauna, etc. Women are most susceptible to the disease during manicure.
Fungal diseases on the hands develop gradually. First, the nail plate is affected. The nails become yellowish, become brittle and do not look well-groomed. Then the disease affects the folds between the fingers. The fungus on the skin is characterized by characteristic spots that may soak or peel. The affected areas can be of a different size and have a color ranging from pale pink to blue.Sometimes skin folds dry and crack.
Most often, this type of dermatitis is affected by people with weak immunity, diabetes and endocrine disorders.
Often under the influence of physical factors develop non-fungal diseases of the nails on the hands. So, with frequent injuries of the hands, onycholysis may develop, in which the nails turn white and are separated from the nail bed. This group of diseases also includes grooves, burrs, nail exfoliation.
Diagnosis of skin diseases
If you suspect the presence of skin diseases, you should definitely contact a dermatologist or allergist. A consultation with a neurologist, endocrinologist and gastroenterologist may also be necessary during the examination.
Conventional skin diseases on the hands are diagnosed on the basis of data from an external examination of the patient and a survey of possible causes of the development of the disease. If allergic manifestations are suspected, an allergen must be established. In this case, conduct special samples on the skin, general and biochemical analysis of blood, feces, and also determine the performance of the endocrine and immune systems.
To determine more complex types of dermatitis, additional diagnostic methods may be carried out: microscopic examination of tissues taken for analysis or bacteriological sowing of skin scrapings.
The way to deal with skin diseases of the hands depends on the cause of their occurrence. For contact, atopic and neurodermatitis, systemic therapy is prescribed, which includes the use of antihistamine medicines, sedatives and vitamin A, B and E. In the case of infectious dermatitis, antibacterial and antifungal treatment is used.
In combination with drug therapy, physiotherapy is often used: laser treatment, and sanatorium-resort rehabilitation.
There are some skin diseases on the hands, which can only be treated with ointments. As a rule, these are uncomplicated dermatitis with minor symptoms.
In addition to the main treatment, you need to follow the recommendations that are important for all types of dermatitis. So, should:
- Eliminate the effect of annoying factor.
- Provide nourishing and regenerating care.
- Restrict water treatments.
- Conduct parallel treatment of other diseases that affect the skin.
- Follow the diet: at the time of treatment, you should eliminate salty, fried, spicy dishes, sweets and pastries, as well as products that cause allergies (citrus fruits, honey, fruits, mushrooms, etc.).
Mostly skin diseases on the hands do not pose a health hazard. But depending on the type of pathology, sometimes scars, scars and age spots can remain on the affected area.
If it was not possible to stop the provoking factor in time or the wrong treatment was applied, then deep layers of the skin can be affected and infectious diseases can occur. Such a violation of tissue threatens the development of eczema, and in some cases sepsis.
Prevention of skin diseases
To prevent dermatitis, follow these guidelines:
- Avoid contact with allergens.
- Do not be nervous.
- Care for dry skin.
- Abandon antibacterial agents for hands.
- Use hypoallergenic powders and rinse clothes thoroughly after washing.
Keeping these simple rules is a snap.They will help not only prevent unpleasant skin diseases on their hands, but also allow them to preserve their youth and health for a long time.