Sights of Voronezh: photos with descriptions, the most interesting places, historical facts and reviews of tourists
Voronezh is a large administrative center in Russia. It is the cradle of the navy and airborne troops. And yet, this is a very beautiful city with a huge number of tourist sites. The sights of Voronezh never cease to amaze travelers.
One of the most popular sights of Voronezh is the Rotunda, which is located in the Transport Square. In fact, this is all that remains of the building of the regional clinical hospital, which was destroyed during World War II. It was decided not to demolish and not restore the ruins, but to leave, as a memory of those terrible events.
Before the war, the Rotunda was nothing more than an educational building on the territory of a medical institution.The building contained a huge amphitheater audience for 500 people, a two-story gallery, a spacious lobby with a colonnade and a basement. During the Second World War, fierce battles took place on the territory of the hospital, so the Rotunda was badly damaged. But there was no money for her recovery in the post-war state. In addition, solid brick walls were partially dismantled for building materials.
The decision to create a historical monument was made in 1965. In 1980, work on the conservation of the ruins was completed. But after the collapse of the USSR, no measures were taken to preserve the historical sights of Voronezh. As a result, in 2008, the dome of the building collapsed. Only a group of columns and some concrete structures remained. In early 2018, it was decided to re-preserve the Rotunda.
On Revolution Avenue, 46, there is one of the most prominent sights of Voronezh, a historical monument of federal significance, the building of the Bristol Hotel. It was built over 100 years ago by civil engineer Mikhail Furmanov. All the most advanced technologies at that time were involved in the construction of the building.In particular, it was here that one of the first elevators in Voronezh appeared.
After the Revolution of 1917, the building was nationalized and transferred to the Red Guard as headquarters. Later, "Bristol" again became a hotel. But the fateful years for the building became after the Great Patriotic War. The Soviet authorities considered that the artsy structure does not fit into the aesthetics of the reconstructed city. It was decided to demolish the balconies and reduce window openings. But, fortunately, the idea was never implemented.
Today, "Bristol" is a monument of federal significance. Guests of the city and locals come to admire the unusual facade. The interior is actively exploited. There are offices, shops, and catering.
On the Revolution Avenue, 18B, the Voronezh Palace is located - a monument of architecture of the XVIII century. This is the only building of this type in the city. This landmark of Voronezh was built in 1777 for the governor of Potapov. The building in the Baroque style is somewhat reminiscent of the Petersburg palaces of Rastrelli.
After the death of the owner, the palace changed its owner several times until in the XX century it became a museum. And during the First World War, medical and military facilities were organized here.After the revolution, there were Gubzdravotdel and Gubarkhivburo. And in the mid-20s, the palace again became a museum.
Considering the photos of the sights of Voronezh, one can not but pay attention to the “Goto Predestination” - a copy of the ship of the time of Peter I. It is moored near the Admiralty Square. The decision to recreate the ship was made in 2009, and in 2010, work began on the restoration of the drawings. Unfortunately, the majority of archival documents were destroyed, therefore, I had to restore the object from paintings and engravings.
Initially it was planned that the construction would be carried out by Danish experts, but in the end, preference was given to domestic construction companies. The tender was won by Pavlovsky shipbuilding and ship repairing plant. The deadlines for moving the object were shifted several times, but in 2014 it was solemnly opened in honor of the day of the navy. The cost of the project amounted to 215 million rubles.
Kitten from Lizyukov Street
Among the photos of the sights of Voronezh, a special place is occupied by the monument to the Kitten from Lizyukov Street. By the way, he is, once again, on General Lizyukov Street near the intersection with Zhukov Avenue in front of the entrance to the Mir cinema.
Monument to the Kitten from Lizyukov Street is dedicated to the cartoon of the same name by Vyacheslav Kotenochkin. In the story, the striped animal dreams of becoming a beast that everyone will fear. And the crow-sorceress helped him in this. The kitten turned into a hippopotamus and came to Africa, where he realized that his native Voronezh is the best place on Earth.
After the release of the cartoon on the screens, the kitten became a national favorite of the citizens of Voronezh. It is not surprising that the editor of the local newspaper, Valery Maltsev, put forward the initiative to erect a monument to an animated hero. Employees of other media outlets, as well as employees of the Kominternovsky district administration, supported this idea. A city competition was announced, in which an eleventh grader Irina Povarova won.
The idea of the girl was complemented by the sculptors Pak and Dikunov, and at the end of 2003 the monument was erected and solemnly opened. This is the first monument in Russia to an animated hero. This attraction of the city of Voronezh is loved by both locals and tourists. But, unfortunately, the sculpture is periodically subjected to vandalism. The kitten periodically loses its wire whiskers, which the sculptors have to restore.
Monument to the White Beam
One more favorite sight of the city of Voronezh is the White Ear Monument to White Bim. The sculpture is set in front of the Voronezh Puppet Theater "Jester". The life-sized dog monument is cast of stainless metal, and the right ear and one paw are made of bronze. The dog's name is engraved on the collar.
The initiator of the installation of the monument was the steel sculptors Pak and Dikunov. This idea came to them in the 1980s. On their own funds, the masters created a model, and the figure itself was cast from metal in Penza. It is interesting that G. N. Troepolsky, the author of the White Bima story, was directly involved in the creation of the sculpture. But, unfortunately, he did not live to see the installation of the monument, which took place only in 1998.
In 2009, the monument to White Bim was one of the nominees for the title of the unofficial symbol of the city. But the dog sculpture took only third place. Nevertheless, the monument remains one of the favorite with the townspeople. Next to him, they constantly arrange theatrical performances, as well as carry out actions aimed at protecting animals.
Park "Scarlet Sails"
An interesting attraction of Voronezh is located in the Left Bank district of the city on the bank of the Voronezh reservoir. This is a pine park "Scarlet Sails", which was founded in 1975.Unfortunately, in the 1990s the territory fell into disrepair. What was built earlier, has fallen into disrepair, and new objects have not been created. And only in 2011 the park was reconstructed and reopened for visitors.
On the territory of the pine forest there are many pedestrian zones and benches for recreation. There are also many outdoor cafes and shops with ice cream, drinks and sweets. But It is worth noting that the prices here significantly exceed not only the city, but even the average European.
Of particular interest is the "town" of painted birdhouses, created by local artist Sergey Gorshkov. Each birdhouse has its own purpose like “home”, “store”, “kindergarten”, as evidenced by the corresponding inscriptions.
The park has entertainment areas for people of all ages. This is a well-maintained beach, amusement theme parks, a rope town, and sports grounds. During the year, there are all sorts of celebrations.
One of the main attractions of the city of Voronezh for pilgrims is the Cathedral of the Annunciation,which is located in the central part of the city on Revolution Avenue. The building was erected in the Russian-Byzantine style by the architect Shevelev. The highest point of the temple reaches 97 meters.
The construction of the shrine was carried out from 1998 to 2009 with the blessing of Patriarch Alexy. The first stone was laid on the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin. In 2001, stainless steel crosses were installed on the domes. In 2002, a dome weighing 6 tons was installed. In 2003, a monument to Bishop Mitrofan was erected in front of the entrance to the cathedral.
Monument to Vladimir Vysotsky
On the pedestrian segment of Karl Marx Street, next to the Institute of Physical Culture, there is another interesting cultural landmark of Voronezh - a monument to Vladimir Vysotsky. He appeared in the city in August 2009. The author of the monument is Maxim Dikunov. This is the son of the famous Voronezh sculptors Pak and Dikunov, who gave the city more than one attraction.
Interestingly, on the site of the monument to Vysotsky was previously a sculpture of gymnasts. But from time to time it collapsed and could not be restored. At the opening of the monument was attended by many celebrities.In particular, the actors Valery Zolotukhin and Svetlana Svetlichnaya. And at the ceremony attended the son of Vysotsky.
It is interesting that not everyone liked the idea of installing the monument to Vysotsky in Voronezh and was even criticized. The fact is that the famous actor and singer has never been to the city and was in no way connected with him. In addition, critics considered it inappropriate to install a sculpture next to the Institute of Physical Education.
Church of St. Nicholas
Description attractions Voronezh should continue the story of the Church of St. Nicholas. It was built in 1712. But his story began much earlier. Earlier, a wooden church named after Dmitry Uglitsky was built in Vain Sloboda. There was a unique icon of St. Nicholas, which miraculously survived after the fire in 1703.
The relic was transferred to St. Nicholas Church, but there was a fire here (in 1748). Unfortunately, all the interior decoration burned down. But local residents undertook to restore the temple on their own.
After the revolution, the abbot of the temple was repressed, and the shrine itself was closed. During World War II the structure was seriously damaged.However, in 1942, the temple was again used for its intended purpose. Moreover, he was the only one operating in the city until 1949.
In 1988, in honor of the millennial anniversary of the Baptism of Russia, the restoration of the temple was begun. It was painted, mosaic icons were laid out. To date, there are kept such shrines as a particle of the relics of St. Nicholas, the particle of the relics of Euphrosyne of Suzdal, a particle of the relics of Theophan the Recluse, the icon of the Mother of God "Skoroproslushnitsa", the ark with the relics of God's saints.
Kostomarovsky Spassky Monastery
Among the attractions of Voronezh and the Voronezh region stands Spassky Monastery, located near the village of Kostomarovo. Historians believe that it was built in the XVII century by monks of the Little Russia. Thus, it is the oldest abode in Russia.
After the Revolution of 1917, the monastery was closed. But in the caves secretly held worship. For this, one of the elders was sent to Ostrogozhsk prison. After the end of the war, work in the temple stopped, but in 1959 it was again closed as a result of the anti-religious campaign of Khrushchev. In 1997, the monastery was again returned to the church and received the status of a convent.
Considering the sights of Voronezh and the Voronezh region, you should pay attention to Rossosh.This is a junction railway station, opened in 1871. The station building is recognized as an object of cultural heritage and is protected at the state level.
The history of the station began in 1857, when Alexander II decided to create a railway. Already in 1871, the first train arrived at Mikhailovka station. About 200 workers worked here, 700 thousand pounds of grain and about a million pounds of other goods were transported annually.
In 1904, the station was renamed Evstratovka, and after almost 20 years - in Rossosh. It was here that the first train came with wounded soldiers during the Great Patriotic War. In 1942, the Germans bombed the station for five days, it was under German occupation for half a year. In 1943, Rossosh was released.
What to see in 1 day
Naturally, the sights of Voronezh can not be viewed in 1 day. Nevertheless, the tourists determined the approximate route:
- Railway station Voronezh-1. The building was built immediately after the Second World War. The roof is decorated with copper figures. If you arrive at the bus station, the railway station can be reached by bus number 13N and 67 A in a quarter of an hour.
- Monument to Ivan Chernyakovsky at the station square.
- Cross the road to Mira street. In the small square you will see the monument "Glory to Soviet science" and the beautiful cathedral.
- Right - the entrance to the park "Eaglet". Here, be sure to look at the monument to Mandelstam, as well as the house in which the poet rented a room.
- Passing through Tchaikovsky Street, you will see the Trud stadium. He himself is unremarkable, but from the stands there are stunning views of the city.
- Return to the monument "Soviet science" and inspect the Blagoveshchensk cathedral and the monument to the liquidators of the accident in Chernobyl.
- Pass on the avenue to Revolution Avenue. Go on the right side and see the museum of the artist Ivan Kramskoy (entrance - 150 rubles).
- The next attraction on Prospect Revolution is Platonovskiy Square.
- Without turning, you will get to the Voronezh Central Department Store. But of interest is the next building - the puppet theater "Jester", next to which is a monument to the White Beam.
- Walk to the cinema "Proletary" and turn onto the street Karl Marx. Here you will see monuments to three poets - Nikitin, Marshak and Vysotsky.
- Take the exit to Plekhanovskaya Street and look at the building of the local history museum (open from Wednesday to Sunday).
- Nearby is Pushkin Square, as well as the Opera and Ballet Theater.
- Go to Lenin Square and inspect the monument to Bunin.
- In the direction indicated by the monument to Lenin, go to Koltsovsky Square.
If you want to get acquainted with the sights of Voronezh and the region, pre-review the reviews of experienced tourists. Here's what you should pay attention to:
- in the central part of the city there are many interesting old buildings, but unfortunately, most of them are in poor condition;
- free buses ply past the reservoir;
- beautiful embankment near the reservoir;
- the city has a pleasant lively atmosphere;
- the city is under active construction;
- in Voronezh, a huge amount of greenery (especially pleased with the fragrant pines);
- it is impossible to get inside the Stalinist skyscrapers - the access system is in effect;
- very beautiful interior of the drama theater;
- very interesting museum in "Goto Predestination".