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Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

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The Sahara is the largest desert in the world, located in North Africa. Stroll through the sands of time.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Photos of Ilya Stepanov
The Sahara desert stretches for about 4,800 km from west to east and from 800 to 1200 km from north to south; has an area of ​​about 8.6 million square meters. km This is about 30% of the area of ​​Africa, a little more than the area of ​​Brazil. Photography from space.Clickable, 2500 × 1400 px:
In the twilight, the desert is also beautiful, but its whole essence is manifested of course during the day, when from the abundance of waves, large and small, it begins to ruffle in the eyes!
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Such shadows are only at dawn and dusk, in the afternoon they are shorter - the sun is at its zenith:
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Invisible sculptor - the wind tirelessly carries out restoration work to improve the surface of the sand. Everything should be perfectly correct form.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

The name Sahara in Arabic means “desert”.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

From the west, the Sahara is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, from the north it is bounded by the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, and from the east by the Red Sea.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

The Sahara partially captures the territory of more than ten states. The vast expanses of the Sahara are not inhabited, sedentary life is limited to areas of oases.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Several rivers, originating beyond the borders of the Sahara, replenish the surface and underground waters of the desert.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

The Nile River is the only river with a permanent transitive flow. Its main tributaries, the Blue and White Nile, merge in the southeastern Sahara and along the eastern edge of the desert the river carries its waters to the Mediterranean Sea.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

The sand dunes of the Sahara store significant reserves of rainwater, which seeps in and out of springs on desert slopes. Also, under the sands of the Sahara are large basins of groundwater, including artesian.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

From a climatic point of view, the Sahara turned into a desert about 5 million years ago.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

The average monthly winter temperature in the northern part of the desert is 13 Celsius, the average monthly air temperature in July reaches 37.2 degrees (Adrar), and the average daily temperatures can reach 40 degrees or more.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

The maximum recorded temperature is 57.8 degrees (Al-Azizia, Libya); the surface of the earth can warm up to 70-80 degrees Celsius.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Sahara vegetation is sparse and consists of small communities of grasses, shrubs and trees growing in oases. In general, the flora of the Sahara is particularly well adapted to the irregularity of precipitation.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Because of the heat, most animals in the Sahara desert are nocturnal. But life is there: the total number of animal species is about 4 thousand.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

This is not computer graphics, it's just sand! Who does not believe - go to the Sahara, check)
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Despite the fact that the territory of the Sahara is comparable to the territory of the United States, the population density (including the Nile Valley) is estimated at only 0.4 people per square meter. km (only 2.5 million people).
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Huge spaces are not inhabited, scattered settlements are formed only at reliable water sources and islands of vegetation that can feed livestock.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

In prehistoric times, the Sahara was much more densely populated. Stone artifacts, fossils and rock paintings, which are widespread in regions that are now too dry to sustain life, indicate the presence of both humans and wild animals, including antelopes, buffaloes, giraffes, elephants, rhinos.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Bone harpoons, places of concentration of shells and the remains of fish, crocodiles and hippos indicate the existence of prehistoric settlements on the shores of ancient lakes.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

After the appearance of livestock in the Sahara almost 7 thousand years ago, in some groups nomadic cattle breeding began to dominate hunting and fishing.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

In the Middle Ages, caravan routes crossed the territory of the Sahara, connecting the state formations of the Atlantic coast and the trading cities of North Africa.
Sands of time or a walk in the Sahara desert

Goods were transported using camel dromedary caravans. The average size of the caravan was about 1000 camels, and sometimes reached 12 thousand.

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