Samoa: History, Vacation, Sights
How often do you want a Russian person to take a break from the frost and the dull spring sun, to find a heavenly warm place with blue water and evergreen trees ... You can find it only a few thousand kilometers from Moscow, say, in the vast Pacific Ocean. An example is a small archipelago called Samoa. Its unique and such fascinating nature attracts tourists from all over the world. It seems that everything is created for rest and relaxation.
Those who decided to visit the archipelago for the first time will be interested to learn detailed information about it, about the traditions of the local people, as well as about the sights of this lost corner, features of flora and fauna.
Samoa is located in the South Pacific and is part of the Polynesian subregion. The population of this area has always been famous for its sea travel, even at the beginning of the new millennium, the natives successfully explored the neighboring territories: the coast of New Zealand, Hawaii, Samoa. The ocean has become their home and food source.
The total area of the archipelago is 3030 km, more than 250 thousand people live here. It is divided into two states, commonly referred to as Western and Eastern Samoa. Both of these territories differ in their ideological, cultural, and political views. If the first state has an independent character, then the second belongs to the United States, and the local population is inclined to the way of life adopted there.
Islands of the archipelago
Even before the discovery by Europeans, Samoa was the center of Polynesian culture, it was from here that the development of neighboring atolls and the distant lands of the Pacific Ocean proceeded. The archipelago consists of the two largest islands - Savaii and Upolu and two small - Manono and Apolim, the rest are almost uninhabited.
In the area where the island of Samoa is located, a humid tropical climate prevails, the relief is predominantly mountainous, the temperature throughout the year averages 25 degrees. The coastal strip, stunning in its beauty, is rather narrow, suitable only for the structure of small houses and cottages.
These territories were settled in V in n. er The Polynesians were famous for their fearlessness in the conquest of the seas and learned to travel, guided by the stars, much earlier than the Europeans.Locals believe that the name Samoa is translated from the language of their ancestors as "the sacred center of the earth."
The Europeans first set foot on these shores at the end of the 18th century and were simply shocked by the amazing nature and beautiful views. Subsequently, for these lands a serious confrontation broke out between the United States, Great Britain and Germany. As a result of the peace treaty, the archipelago was divided into two parts. The Eastern group became dependent on America, while the Western group was initially under the control of New Zealand, but in 1961 received the status of an independent state.
Today, Samoa, Thailand, Fiji are considered the most fashionable and popular tourist destinations.
The total number of people living in the eastern and western parts of the archipelago is about 250 thousand, with the majority living in an independent state. The majority of the population are Polynesians, just under two percent are Europeans and representatives of other nations. Almost of the inhabitants are located on the island of Upolu (Samoa), where the only city in the country is located, all the rest live in small villages.
Despite the presence of the Christian and the Catholic Church, here they still honor the traditions of their ancestors, arrange ceremonies and holidays, as they did two hundred years ago.Moreover, now it is a great way to attract tourists. Most of the locals are fluent in English, so communication problems do not arise.
There are big contradictions between the two parts of the archipelago. West previously belonged to England, but she abandoned claims to this land area instead of Fiji. For a long time, the territory was under the leadership of New Zealand, but after the referendum in 1961 an agreement was signed on granting independence to the country. In 2017, the country joined the WTO.
Locals are culturally and economically oriented towards New Zealand. Rugby and cricket are also fond of it, and young people go there to study, earn money, and in search of a civilized life. Thanks to the missionaries, most people profess the Christian faith, while not forgetting their traditions and customs of their ancestors. The community is the main social unit, the local live in large families of 30-40 people.
The population of the eastern part of the archipelago is much smaller - just over 55 thousand. Almost half of the inhabitants profess Protestantism, however, in conjunction with pagan rites.Tourism is underdeveloped here, most of which comes from fishing and the subsequent sale of goods. Pineapples, bananas, coconut palms, papayas and breadfruit are also grown.
The state system of the American part of the land is not quite normal: the region is under the administration of the United States Department of the Interior and under the tutelage of the president. The governor is in charge of the country and eighteen deputies from among local leaders. People here adhere to the American way of life and often emigrate to Hawaii or the continent.
Samoa has recently become a tourist destination, although it concerns the western part. Previously, the economy of a small state was completely dependent on foreign subsidies, but today the share of tourism in GDP is 30 percent. In 2012, a total of 250 thousand people from around the world visited the archipelago.
As you can see, the tours here are very popular. In particular, one of the most famous travel agencies specializing in the sale of vouchers including to Guam (island) - "Byzantium". And the western (Samoa, as we remember, is divided into several parts) part of the archipelago under consideration, and its entire territory as a whole,By and large, they have a good potential for the development of tourism, here you can still find wild places and deserted beaches, and the population is friendly and not annoying. From the first second this archipelago shakes with its unique beauty. These islands are of volcanic origin, so the whole territory is covered with picturesque hills, immersed in the greenery of the tropical forest.
The country's leadership, together with the New Zealand authorities, have invested heavily in the construction of hotels and other related infrastructure, so that there are all conditions for a relaxing holiday.
The main thing that Samoa is famous for is the ocean. Stunning blue lagoons and mild warm climate make your stay as comfortable as possible. It is because of the beautiful nature that many rich Europeans come here, the last years of his life here were spent by the famous writer Robert Louis Stevenson. In his house is now a museum, it is located a few kilometers from the capital of the western part of the archipelago Alia.
Especially good beaches on the Ezhny side are “Matareva”, “Salamum” and “Agona”, and Aleipat’s coral reefs with rich marine life are nearby, so there are all conditions for lovers of underwater tourism.On the islands of Upolu and Savai there are stunningly beautiful waterfalls hidden in the forests and between small mountains. Lovers of surfing often come here, however, this kind of active recreation in the local coastal waters due to wind and underwater currents is quite extreme.
For those who want to relax from the ocean and learn more about Samoans, their culture and history, entertainment and attractions are also provided. To get to know them, you need to proceed along and across the island of Samoa. Photos taken by people who have already been here once confirm that this country and in addition to the beaches has something to be proud of. In the only city of the eastern state - Alia - you can walk through the old capital of the state of Mulino, there are several interesting buildings, such as the Observatory and the House of Parliament.
Visitors traditionally visit the market Flea-Market, where you can not only look at the very colorful representatives of the local population, but also to buy inexpensively some goods from the mainland, as well as handicrafts. Samoan Island has many Catholic and Christian churches, and the temple complex deserves special attention.
The primeval nature of this corner is amazingly beautiful, it is incomparable with any of the other places on earth. Isolation from Western civilization and the correct policy of resource use make this resort one of the most interesting and enjoyable places to relax. The tourism industry is still developing, but very actively, the government has relied specifically on attracting tourists from all over the world to the country.
Among all the resorts in the South Pacific region, Samoa is one of the cheapest, you can rent a room for 50-100 dollars, separate houses built in national style are somewhat more expensive. You will be lucky if the trip coincides in time with one of the Samoan holidays: on these days, spectacular performances are held on the ocean shore in honor of a fishing tournament, a surfers festival or international rugby competitions.
Shops and supermarkets in the country work from 8:00 to 16:30, but some private owners keep their doors open until the evening. In the capital, the country's largest port is located, from where ships leave for New Zealand and America every day.Samoa is considered one of the safest resorts in Oceania, but, as in any unfamiliar place, you should not ignore the elementary rules of personal safety.