Sable is considered the most valuable representativefur animals. It belongs to the Kunya family and in its structure, appearance is very similar to the common forest marten, although somewhat smaller. In addition, he has a very silky coat, and the tail is shorter.
Because of the ruthless shooting of sables in the royaltheir number was reduced to a minimum, but thanks to strict supervision, its population was restored. The most valuable representative is Barguzin sable.
Sable hunting is allowed only if available.special license. Due to the fact that in Siberia recently increased its livestock, fishing for these valuable animals has become simpler. So much so that during the season you can get about three dozen sables even to a novice hunter.
Many today began to conclude contracts on the supply of fur skins to procurement bases. Therefore, the hunt for sable became very popular and profitable.
Sable are numerous in the taiga of Altai, Sayan, and Baikal region. It lives both on low decays, and on high-altitude tracts. This furry cedar taiga prefers other forests.
Today the hunt for sable is made with Siberianand Evenkish huskies, who very gambly take the trace of this animal, and going out on him, they pursue until they drive him into the pits or to the tree. For this case, hunters take a net with them, which immediately surround the place where the victim is hiding.
Sable is kicked out with a probe, as smoking is not accepted.
Having jumped out, the animal immediately falls into the litter. And then the hunter in special gloves takes his prey.
Traps on sable - litters - are installed withusing the "bell", special sticks. To the top are tied bells, and so that the animal does not slip under the sweep, its lower edges must be dug into the snow and trampled down.
Sometimes the sable is hidden in a hollow. In this case, the hole in the tree is plugged, and then, tapping the trunk gradually, find where it ends. Then several holes are cut in the trunk and, pressing the animal to the end, it is mined, pushing it with his hand in the mitten.
And when there is a lot of snow, and hunting for sable with dogs is impossible, hunters begin to catch with the help of traps and other spoilers. Most often, they are used near the feed canopy.
Sable is a lot in the tracts, and therefore huntersconstruct in such places small square sbrubi height of about a meter. The top of the frame is very tightly closed with plaques, and in the holes are cut through small holes, into which animals could easily penetrate.
Inside the frame, put coarse or goat meat. To sable easier to find such a trough, hunters arrange a bait in the taiga: they drag a piece of meat tied behind a rope. All traces lead to the scab and end on the spot. A furry valuable animal, having smelled the smell, quickly finds the crook and eagerly accepts the dainty hidden in the trough. The same goes for food and the rest.
When they begin to actively resort to the trough, the hunter is alarming on their nearby trails. To place traps on a sable it is necessary in those places where the animal needs to jump over an obstacle.
And so that the prey does not drag the trap, the latter is tied with wire. The spiders must be carefully masked and covered with snow.
That the rest of the inhabitants of the taiga, in particularwolverines and jays, do not spoil sables caught in traps and samolov, tackle should be inspected at the latest every other day. A hunter must strictly follow the rules established for hunting these valuable animals of the family of cunies.
As a rule, the hunt for sable begins immediately on the first snow, lasting two or three months, before Epiphany frosts.