Religious practices and gods of ancient Egypt
The religion of ancient Egypt was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals, which were an integral part of the life of ancient Egyptian society. The basis of this cult was the interaction between the numerous deities who ruled the elements of nature. The gods of ancient Egypt were worshiped and honored in all sorts of ways, which constituted the religious practice of the inhabitants. In the center of formal rituals turned out to be the ruler of the country: in spite of human nature, it was believed that he condescended from the divine sphere. The gods of ancient Egypt could interact with the subjects of Pharaoh due to his mediating role, as a result of which order was maintained in the Universe. The state allocated a huge amount of resources for the construction of temples and rituals.
Important aspects of the religion of ancient Egypt
Individuals could interact with the gods for their personal purposes, asking for help in prayer or encouraging them to act with the help of magic. These practices differed, but were closely related to formal rituals.Another important aspect was the belief in afterlife and funeral ceremonies. The Egyptians made considerable efforts to get their souls a good share after the death of the body: they properly provided the graves, worshiped the gods of death, and made offerings to the deceased. Religion had its roots in the prehistoric period of cultural development and existed for more than 3000 years. The gods of ancient Egypt replaced each other over time, the importance of some increased, and others - decreased. In some periods, some deities could surpass the rest, as happened, for example, with the Lord of the Sun Ra, the creator Amun and the divine mother Isset. In the distorted theology spread by Pharaoh Amenhotep, all the gods of ancient Egypt were replaced by a single one, Aton. In addition to the significant influence exerted on other cultures, this religion left behind many manuscripts and monuments.
Divine powers in nature and daily life
Beliefs and rituals existed in every aspect of ancient Egyptian culture. The language of the Egyptians does not contain a single concept that could be correlated with the modern European concept of religion.This ancient system was not a solid social institution, but consisted of a vast number of diverse beliefs and practices aimed at the interaction between the celestial and terrestrial worlds. The gods of ancient Egypt had characteristics inseparably connected with people's ideas about certain phenomena of nature. The Egyptians believed that natural phenomena were in reality divine powers. They included elements, characteristics of animals and abstract phenomena. The pantheon of gods participated in all spheres of human life. Through efforts to honor and serve the higher forces, the Egyptians sought to use the power that the gods possessed for their own good. And the myths of ancient Egypt indicate that the gods existed within a very complex system of interrelations, where some deities could have many manifestations and perform a whole range of functions.