Physical activity in the 2 youngest group. Sports equipment for kindergarten
How to make physical training in the 2 youngest group bright and functional? This will require special equipment. Let us dwell on this issue in more detail, considering how important it is to preserve and strengthen the physical health of babies.
How to choose sports equipment for kindergarten? Its dimensions, dimensions, weight of objects must fully comply with the characteristics of children in all respects. How do the number of different simulators count on the kindergarten group?
Sports equipment for kindergarten is selected in such a volume that the children can freely move around the group. Its number is determined by taking into account the activity of babies in various forms of activity. The weight and dimensions of purchased items must be related to the physical capabilities of preschoolers.
Standard and non-standard equipment for physical education in kindergarten are selected so that it fully corresponds to the safety of kids. Each simulator should have a strong attachment to prevent injury to preschoolers during exercise. Gymnastic mats are used for additional insurance against accidents.
The materials from which make non-standard equipment for physical education in kindergarten, must meet hygienic requirements, be durable and environmentally friendly.
The color, the form of physical training simulators, intended for children of preschool age, should have the aesthetic taste of the younger generation. The most preferable purchase of equipment is soft pastel colors.
Each physical activity in the 2 youngest group involves the performance of different types of movement by children. That is why it is desirable to think over a sports area so that with the help of aids and equipment, children perform general developmental exercises, form flexibility, dexterity, endurance, speed-strength and speed qualities.
The teacher prepares the following subjects for physical education in the 2 youngest group:
- gymnastic benches, stairs;
- hoops, balls;
- rope, tape.
The choice of large or small-sized items is determined by the content of classes in physical culture.
For the most part, kindergartens themselves acquire the necessary equipment for sports activities and activities.
For the rational organization of physical activity of preschoolers, it is important to take into account the age characteristics of babies, as well as the parameters of the rooms in which sports equipment will be installed.
In the group room is allocated a place in which will be located simulators and manuals. They should be accessible so that the kids have a desire to go in for sports independently. On the hanging shelf are placed massage balls, rubber rings. A cube is installed under it, from which the baby can take the simulator he likes. On the gymnastic ladder, the teacher disposes the toys while stimulating the physical activity of their pupils.
Forms and types of activities
Physical activity in the 2 youngest group according to the requirements of the new federal standards can be of different types. Among the most popular options:
- morning gymnastics;
- physical education class;
- hardening after naps;
- exercises and games in the open air;
- sports events and competitions.
The Federal State Educational Standard for Physical Education imposes serious requirements on the content of the lesson; therefore, the educator draws up the technological map of the lesson, indicates all the educational and educational tasks, and notes the expected results.
An example of a physical education class
We offer ready summary of physical education classes in the 2 youngest group.
- to form in children the skills of walking on a gymnastic bench, pushing forward along the arch;
- develop a sense of balance in the period of movement on the bench, the ability to quickly navigate in space;
- promote the development of physical activity of children of preschool age, creating a positive mood for kids.
A lesson in physical education in the 2 youngest group involves the use of the following equipment: arcs, gymnastic benches, a massage track with river sand, and brystal for a mobile game.
Among the main health technologies used in this physical training class, we note sunbathing, fragments of breathing exercises, pouring water on the feet, and also massage elements.
How to spend
In the outline of physical education classes in the 2 youngest group, you must include a plan for its implementation. The teacher collects the kids in a circle, invites them to look at each other, smile, clap their hands.
Adult offers kids embark on a fascinating journey with the gentle and warm sun.
In order to set up the kids for class, the manager offers several warm-up exercises. For example, in the framework of a normal walk, babies make movements for a poem voiced by their mentor:
The grass has grown tall (raise hands up).
There are deep pools around (guys raise their legs high).
The sun shines directly into the eyes (close their hands).
On the path together in a row (kids are going to "train")
A detachment ran to the sea (together they run in a circle).
On the toes ran (all move on the toes),
Straight to the sea came running.
We smiled from happiness (kids give smiles to each other),
Together they plunged into the sea (movements with their hands).
So that the guys take a break from the warm-up, they pass through the group with calm steps.
Next, the teacher conducts for their wards a set of exercises aimed at developing skills for proper breathing.
For example, you can use poems in order to intensify interest among preschoolers in the implementation of the proposed set of physical exercises.
A strong wind suddenly blew out
From the cheeks of our tears blew away.
Kids make a full exhalation with their nose, hold their breath for a few minutes. Further, through tightly compressed lips, babies forcefully release air.
Next, the kids are in the main rack. It is advisable to repeat the breathing exercise several times.
Then you can offer the kids an exercise with an unusual name: “How does grass smell?” The children lean forward, inhale with their nose, then exhale through the mouth. In this body babies do bend forward.
They first place their legs shoulder-width apart, then lean forward, while inhaling deeply the air. Then they return to their original position, breathing it out in full.
In order that from an early age babies form a positive attitude towards a healthy lifestyle,the desire to play sports, in preschool institutions, teachers conduct physical education lessons, selecting the appropriate sports equipment and equipment.
In addition to the aesthetic qualities, children's trainers should be safe for the health of babies, made from environmentally friendly materials. In addition, they should be interesting to children. Among the elements that are included in the exercise of physical culture, we can mention morning exercises, hardening after naps, breathing exercises.