Otoplasty is an operation to correct the ears: description of the procedure, reviews
Far from everyone has a beautiful correct shape of the ears. Today, a rather common problem is lop-eared ears, too small or large ears. A person on this soil can develop various kinds of complexes, self-doubt. Correcting this problem will help the correction of the ears, allowing to eliminate various defects and adjust the shape and size of the auricle.
The essence of the operation
Otoplasty is a common operation, which implies the elimination of existing deviations and disturbances in the structure of the auricle. The most common defect is lop-earedness. However, there are other problems, in particular, such as:
- wrong location of the ears;
- irregular shape of the lobes;
- ear deformity.
Otoplasty is not the most dangerous and difficult plastic surgery, but nevertheless a certain preparation is necessary, a high level of qualification of the doctor.There are also some contraindications. In addition, you need to remember that there may be dangerous consequences.
It is believed that this operation is ideal for children about 6 years old. At this time, the child is still quite small, it is psychologically easier for him to undergo surgery. In addition, others are unlikely to pay attention to the changed shape. Surgical intervention is not recommended for a child under 6 years of age, as the ear shell is formed before this age.
You can do otoplasty in adulthood, getting rid of unnecessary and unnecessary complexes.
What are the types of operations?
Otoplasty is a fairly demanded operation to restore the shape of the auricle. There are several types of surgical intervention, namely: aesthetic and reconstructive plastics. Aesthetic otoplasty is indicated for various kinds of abnormalities in the structure of the ears. The operation involves a change in size, position, shape of the ears.
Reconstructive plastics helps to restore the ear tissue. Such surgery is performed for congenital malformations of the ear or after injury. In addition, traditional and laser otoplasty can be performed.
Traditional plastic surgery is performed using a scalpel. She demands high qualification of the doctor. Laser otoplasty implies the fact that all manipulations are performed using a laser knife.
In what cases otoplasty is performed
Lop-ear is often a genetic inherited trait. There is an opinion that a few bulging ears can be the cause of improper presentation of the child during his carrying, but many experts completely disagree with this.
Lop-earedness becomes noticeable immediately after birth. It is possible to correct this defect when the child is a little older, and his ears will be completely formed. Normally, the angle between the auricle and the surface of the head should be equal to 20-30 degrees. If it increases, then correction of the existing violations is required.
Indications for surgery
There are certain indications for which otoplasty of the ears is performed. Such a surgical procedure is performed with absolutely any deviation of the structure of the ears. Among them it is worth highlighting such as:
- deformation of the ears;
- changing the shape and size of the earlobe;
- injury of the earlobes;
- scars or scars on the ear.
In addition, there may be other indications for performing surgery, therefore, you must first consult with a plastic surgeon.
Preparing for the ear correction
If an otoplasty operation is required, then you need to know about the important points of the preparatory process. Before performing a surgery, consult a plastic surgeon. During the examination, the doctor clarifies the nature of the changes taking place, listens to the patient and determines what can be done on the basis of this. Then a computer simulation of the auricles is performed so that the patient understands what his ears will look like after an otoplasty.
Otoplasty is performed mainly under general anesthesia, however, local anesthesia can also be used. When preparing for surgery, you need to undergo a comprehensive medical examination to determine the patient's condition, as well as the presence of contraindications to anesthesia.
The course of the survey necessarily includes:
- taking photos before the operation;
- testing for hepatitis, syphilis, HIV;
- urine and blood tests;
- research of biochemical parameters;
- determination of blood coagulability.
For patients with chronic diseases of the internal organs, consultation of the therapist is required.
Performing an operation
Features of surgical intervention will largely depend on the defects and violations. Otoplasty is one of the most effective methods for eliminating lop-earedness, as well as many other defects. It is carried out using several techniques, namely:
- Furnace correction;
- Mustrad correction;
- Enterstrom correction.
The correction according to Furnas is to remove a certain part of the skin behind the ears. After that, the ear cartilage is attracted to the temporal bone and fixed in the desired position. This method is used most often. During the correction of Mustard, a cut is made behind the ears, the excess cartilage tissue is removed, and the edges are stitched. With the help of such manipulations, it is possible not only to eliminate lop-earedness, but also to correct the size and shape of the auricle.
Enterstrom correction is the least traumatic.Initially, a small incision is made behind the ear, through which an experienced specialist removes excess cartilage tissue. Then, several small additional cuts are made for suturing.
The correction of the ears is carried out in several stages. Initially, the doctor makes measurements, allowing not only to correct the existing violations, but also to achieve the greatest possible similarity of the ears. Then the design of the future auricle and its parts is carried out.
When the three-dimensional model is ready, the biological material is prepared. If correction of one ear or part thereof is required, the patient’s own cartilage tissue is applied. If it is necessary to transplant a large amount of tissue or you need to correct both ears, then implants made from synthetic materials are used. In the complete absence of the ear, the preparation of the skin under which the ear implant is placed is absolutely necessary, and only after that the reconstruction is carried out.
Otoplasty implies a correction of earlobes. The operation can be carried out in a variety of ways, it all depends on the complexity of the damage and damage.If the lobe is torn or very badly injured, the surgeon initially makes an excision of several parts around the perimeter of the existing defect, and then the edges join. To reduce the size of the earlobe, the surgeon removes a small part of the skin, and then stitches. If an increase in the earlobe is required, the skin is transplanted.
Many people wonder how long the suture heals after the otoplasty and how exactly the rehabilitation period goes. The postoperative period after otoplasty proceeds almost painlessly. The wound heals rather quickly, and bruises and bruises are resolved by the end of the first week after correction. The stitches are usually removed on day 10, and the bandage is literally in a few days.
An important point in the postoperative period is the wearing of an elastic bandage overnight for a month. This will fix the result. In addition, during the month you need to avoid heavy loads, visits to the pool and sauna. Performance is fully restored literally on day 3. Full healing occurs only after 3 months.
Prediction after surgery
Ears after otoplasty when performing a high-quality operation look completely different, since all existing defects are eliminated. Comparison of the results before and after the surgical intervention may please the patient, since he will completely forget about the problem that caused discomfort and provoked the emergence of complexes.
After surgery, the ears look very natural and do not attract too much attention due to the location of the postoperative scars behind the auricle.
Cost of operation, and where to conduct it
The price of otoplasty depends on many different factors, namely:
- the severity of the defect;
- the method used;
- doctor's qualifications;
- status of the clinic.
It is worth noting that the price of otoplasty for the elimination of lop-earedness is much cheaper than a complete reconstruction of the auricle. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the price of the service varies greatly in different cities. Otoplasty in Moscow costs about 30 thousand rubles, while in other cities the cost of the operation is slightly less: between 12-25 thousand rubles.
A very important factor is considered the method of conducting otoplasty.Traditional surgery is much cheaper than laser surgery.
There are certain contraindications for surgery. These include:
- children up to 6 years;
- diseases associated with bleeding disorders;
- malignant neoplasms;
- chronic diseases in the acute stage.
In addition, contraindications include infectious diseases in the acute period, inflammatory processes of the organs of hearing, the menstrual cycle in women.
Otoplasty reviews have different, it all depends on the qualifications of the surgeon and the features of the operation. Artists and public people often resort to otoplasty, as they should have absolutely no defects in appearance. Mostly on forums and on their blogs, they leave positive reviews about Otoplasty, as well as share photos.
Many say that with the help of such an operation they could not only change the shape of their ears, eliminate the existing defects, but also gain self-confidence. In addition, the postoperative period is quite easy, without any special complications and consequences.