November 7, a holiday in the USSR: history, photo
For 70 years, almost every inhabitant of the Land of Soviets was looking forward to this day. The fact is that the date of November 7 (a holiday in the USSR) personified not only the victory of the socialist system in our state, but also positioned a certain point of reference for starting new and ending current affairs. And many in advance gave obligations that by the main autumn holiday these or other objects will be built or put into operation. And not to fulfill the promised in time was akin to a serious crime. Well, the foremost workers and percussionists of socialist labor on November 7 (a holiday in the USSR) were encouraged with valuable gifts and prizes. Some, for example, received keys from a cooperative apartment, others received keys from a Zhiguli car, and still others received a good salary increase.
Now accents in interpretation and understanding, of course, have changed regarding the date of November 7. What holiday in the USSR was celebrated on this day, far from everyone knows, especially the representatives of the younger generation.But their mothers and fathers, grandfathers and grandmothers perfectly remember how the whole country waited eagerly for this red calendar day to come. And the history of the holiday on November 7 in the USSR contains a lot of interesting and remarkable. One way or another, but with the collapse of the Land of the Soviets, its relevance has faded away. Only representatives of left-wing parties today do not forget what holiday was celebrated in the USSR on November 7.
How it all began?
This date is timed to the events that occurred in 1917. Then on November 7-8 (October 25-26, old style), the Great October Socialist Revolution took place. The Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, Sverdlov and Trotsky, overthrew the government of Alexander Kerensky and seized power in the country.
At present, historians interpret and evaluate events of that time in different ways. For some, it is a tragedy on a national scale that provoked a civil war in the country, for others it is an inevitable event that turned Russia out of the capitalist path of development and helped destroy the feudal remnants of the past.
For the third, it was a timely coup d'état, because autocracy as an institution of governing the country had become obsolete.All the above points of view have their pros and cons, therefore, to position any particular version as the only correct one would be wrong.
So, we found out what the November 7th holiday was called in the USSR. Soviet citizens remember him as the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution. The tradition to organize parades on November 7 was finally consolidated in 1941. Then, after the solemn procession along Red Square, its participants went straight to the front. At the same time, the Red Army soldiers vowed that every year they would come to the territory of the Kremlin and celebrate the anniversary of the October Revolution.
Soon the tradition began to hold on November 7 (a holiday in the USSR) parades and demonstrations not only in Red Square, but also in the most remote corners of the country. These events were organized in almost every regional and regional center. And the appearance on them was mandatory.
Party functionaries stimulated participants in demonstrations and parades with bonuses or provided them with time offs. What were the festive events? It was a huge procession of people who carried in their hands scarlet flags.The facades of state institutions were decorated with communist slogans, for example, “Long live the CPSU”. In Red Square, the demonstrators carried portraits of Soviet leaders: Lenin, Stalin, Brezhnev.
Someone from the elite of the party leadership necessarily delivered a congratulatory speech, being on the podium of the Mausoleum. The people present at the celebration, under the sounds of patriotic melodies, fired up multi-colored balloons. A huge crowd marching stalked along the pavement of Red Square, and the eminent announcer of the Soviet television broadcast with pride: “There are columns of working people from the Dzerzhinsky, Sverdlovsky, and Kuibyshevsky districts of Moscow. The enterprises of the capital 2 months earlier coped with the annual plan. ”
And even a drizzling rain and slush could not spoil the cheerful and joyful mood. Well, then came the time of the parade. Orchestras and soldiers appeared first, and after a while tanks and haulers drove massive rockets. From such a spectacle, every Soviet citizen had the impression that our country is the strongest and most powerful in the world.
The one who remembers what holiday was celebrated on November 7 in the USSR, did not forget with what scale it was celebrated at home after coming from the demonstration.
They put the most exquisite dishes on the table. And because of the food shortage, we had to buy supplies in advance. Speech, in particular, goes about smoked sausage, Baltic sprats, red caviar. Many housewives served on the table the famous Russian salad. Hungry after official events, guests enjoyed eating the offered delicacies. And the festive feast was often accompanied by chants and dances. It ended with tea drinking with the cake “Bird's Milk” and with the “Jubilee” cookie.
It was also instituted to send greeting cards to their relatives and relatives.
On television, films were shown on the victory of the October Revolution: "Man with a Gun," "Communist," "Lenin in October." It was on November 7 (a holiday in the USSR) that musical programs were broadcast in which creative groups performed patriotic songs: “Boldly, comrades, in the leg,” “And Lenin is so young,” “Varshavyanka” and others.
Moreover, the TV reporters interviewed eyewitnesses to the October events, and they gladly told about the volley of the Aurora cruiser and about the overthrow of the Provisional Government. In honor of the holiday, Soviet citizens were given 2 days off: November 7 and 8. So decided by the authorities in 1927.
The era of the 90's
After the Land of Soviets collapsed, the holiday on November 7 in the USSR, the photo of which could be seen in almost all the newspapers of that distant period, had sunk into oblivion. In 1992, November 8 turned into a working day, and instead of two days off, the people received one.
Three years later, the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution was renamed. November 7th was the Day of Military Glory. So the authorities commemorated the holding of a military parade on Red Square in Moscow in 1941 in the hearts of Russians. The event itself was dedicated to the 24th anniversary of the victory of the October Revolution.
In 1996, current President Boris Yeltsin issued a decree, according to which, on November 7, turned into a Day of Reconciliation and Reconciliation.
The head of the Russian state motivated his decision by saying that he wanted to reduce the risk of confrontation and contribute to reconciliation of various sectors of society.At the same time, representatives of left-wing parties continue to consider November 7th as the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution. They still take part in demonstrations, thereby paying tribute to those who stood at the origins of the creation of the Soviet state. However, the holiday on November 7 ceased to exist in 2005. Instead, there was another. Now the fourth day of the eleventh month is celebrating the Day of National Unity, which marks the liberation of Moscow from the Polish interventionists, which occurred in 1612.
One way or another, but in modern conditions, as already emphasized, only a few remember what they celebrated on November 7 in the Land of the Soviets.
The data of sociological polls show that only 8 out of 30 people are aware of the existence of the Day of the Great October Socialist Revolution. About 13 of our fellow citizens remember that November 7 was a holiday, but which one - they found it difficult to answer. And some respondents never heard of a memorable date.