Niagara Falls: description, photo, where it is located
Niagara Falls is deservedly considered one of the main attractions of the planet. Every year not even tens, but hundreds of thousands of travelers from different parts of the globe come here. What attracts all people to this place? Why their number does not decrease from year to year, but, on the contrary, only increases?
This article will try to answer these and many other questions that become relevant precisely when it comes to the largest waterfall in the world. Niagara really deserves special attention. And you should visit it at the first opportunity.
General description of the object
As you know, Niagara Falls was formed on the Niagara River. This is not surprising, since similar objects very often get the same name with the source name. However, not everyone knows that this is not just one jet, but a whole complex of waterfalls, the largest of which are three from the Canadian side - Horseshoe Falls, and two American - American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls.
The height of the Niagara Falls is not as huge as it might seem at first glance, it is only 53 meters tall, but the breadth is actually impressive: 323 meters - American Falls, and 792 meters - Horseshoe Falls. Bridal Veil Falls is much more modest. By the way, today the volume of all falling water is 5,700 m3 / s or more.
It is not surprising that Niagara Falls attracts travelers from all over the world with its power, beauty and unusual structure. This fact, of course, affects the life of the surrounding settlements, contributing to their prosperity and well-being. Geographically, on both banks are two cities with the same name Niagara Falls. True, one of them belongs to the state of New York and belongs to the United States, and the second belongs to the provinces of Ontario and is a territorial unit of Canada.
It is believed that the view from Canada is much more beautiful.
How was he formed?
Much is known about the Niagara Falls: where it is, what it looks like, what it consists of. But not everyone knows how and because of what he appeared on our planet.
What we see now is, first of all, the result of the activity of the last glacier that was once moving through the territory of Canada.This formation, like a giant bulldozer, crushed and moved both soil and stones on its way. In some places, the channels of local rivers have expanded or deepened, as a result new lakes have appeared. And in some territories, on the contrary, they were filled up, which means that the rivers subsequently had to be rebuilt.
Scientists believe that somewhere in the Welland Canal area there is an old valley, buried under dense ice drift.
After melting ice from the Great Lakes, water began to flow into the Niagara River. So there was a new course. The upper third of the waterfall is dolomites and limestones that are firm and fairly resistant to various types of erosion. The lower two thirds are softer shale rocks. It was them and managed to break through the waterfall, forming a very steep cliff.
Origin of name. Myths and legends
In general, active disputes about the origin of the name "Niagara Falls" are carried on to this day. Most experts are inclined to believe that the word itself was once derived from the name of the Iroquois settlement “Ongniaahra”, which literally translates into Russian as “forked land”.Although in these parts there was also a certain tribe of Ongiar, which could well be called Niagara Falls in honor of itself and its ancestors.
The place here is fascinatingly beautiful, which means that it is not surprising that legends were formed about it from ancient times. The heroine of one of them is a beautiful girl who, at the request of her father, was engaged to an Indian warrior that was hated by her. In order not to get married, the young woman chose to sacrifice herself to the god of thunder Heh No, who lived in a huge cave under the Horseshoe Falls. However, when, out of grief and despair, she rushed into the waterfall, God himself caught her and since then they began to live together.
How to get to your destination?
This question sooner or later arises before anyone traveling in the US or Canada. First of all, the tourist must decide which side he will drive up to this object: from the American or from the Canadian. In each case, there are both pluses and minuses.
For example, from the central station of Toronto buses go there every half hour. This trip will cost the tourist $ 15 and will take about two hours. The path to the waterfall from the American city of the same name will be slightly shorter (about 40 km), the cost is not significantly different, but the road will be much more winding, which meansdifficult for people with a weak vestibular apparatus.
Local climate features
Generally, to the delight of tourists, access to this attraction is open year-round. However, considering in what latitudes and where the Niagara Falls is located, going on a tour in the cold season, you should not forget about the warm outerwear.
Sometimes the air temperature here drops below 0 ° C, and this, by the way, also contains some dangers, except for the obvious probability of catching a cold. Steps and railings at this time of year may be covered with a thin crust of ice, which means there is a risk of getting a slight frostbite or stumble. Mittens and safety shoes are essential!
What to do at Niagara Falls?
In general, according to experienced travelers, the lesson is there for everyone. Someone admires the breathtaking scenery, standing on one of the viewing platforms, and there are those who prefer to tickle the nerves, rolling under the jets on a special boat.
It is also recommended to look at a special cinema "Niagara Falls", where there is a modern hall, which in all details will acquaint with the history of the discovery and conquest of the waterfall.In the same building there is also a museum, which gathered in itself a huge collection of those items that in the whole history were used by madmen who were trying to overcome this element. Here you can find anything from the barrel to the life preserver.
The surroundings of Niagara Falls are also quite interesting. There are literally everywhere national parks and historical monuments.
In addition, travelers advise to pay attention to the flower clock, butterfly conservatory and a huge botanical garden.
What you need to do when you find yourself in this place?
Of course, everyone can have their own, absolutely not similar to other list of events. We offer only one of the options that will help you better navigate.
- Amazing cordon. Visit the border of two states (USA and Canada) while walking along the so-called Rainbow Bridge or Rainbow Bridge. It is located just a few hundred meters from Niagara.
- Feast of light. A spectacular winter festival of lights over Niagara is a must-see.
- Unique shots. If this is your goal, try to do it from the Canadian side and no later than noon. Guaranteed, such pictures in the spray will not be none of your friends.
- Journey inland.