Modern poultry factory: Moscow region as a center for poultry farming
Poultry farming is a popular area of agriculture that is actively developing in the Moscow region. On the territory of the region there are many large poultry farms, as well as various small farms engaged in the supply of poultry and eggs. Poultry farms of Moscow and the Moscow regionsupply a significant proportion of products to the market.
Little about poultry
As already mentioned, this is an agricultural industry that produces poultry meat and eggs. Additional products are feather, fluff and even litter, which is used for fertilizing various plants. Thus, the poultry industry allows to produce a large range of products that are required not only for food purposes. With all these tasks modern poultry farm perfectly copes. The Moscow region is one of the most successful regions, the main processes at such enterprises are automated.In this regard, recently a noticeable increase in the efficiency indicators of many poultry farms can be observed.
It is worth talking a little about the history of the poultry industry, since it directly affected the current state of the poultry industry. In Soviet times, the poultry industry was actively maintained and the productivity of this agricultural sector grew steadily. In addition to practical activities, scientific and methodological work was actively carried out, which is extremely important in the field of poultry farming. It was created several institutions that were engaged in the development of breeding methods, the production of the most suitable feed and many others. Of course, in the 1990s, there was a strong decline in agriculture as a whole. This problem has not bypassed the poultry industry. In this regard, the number of birds has decreased significantly.
Features of poultry farming in the Moscow region
Recently, the level of mechanization and automation of production on poultry farms has noticeably increased. Almost any large poultry farm can already boast of such automated systems.The Moscow region is considered one of the leading regions in this direction.
The main feature of modern poultry farming is a fairly high degree of concentration of livestock. If earlier two operators of the poultry breeder served from 500 to 800 birds, now about 25 thousand chickens per one operator. In some cases, the load is more. Naturally, as a result of such transformations, human contact with birds has noticeably decreased.
Some large chicken farms can already boast a million livestock laying hens. It would seem that this niche of the market is already occupied, but every year the number of enterprises increases, and accordingly, the livestock grows. Also of particular interest are breeding poultry farms of the Moscow region. Such enterprises are engaged in breeding certain breeds of chickens.
Tomilino Poultry Farm
As already mentioned, in the Moscow region there are several large centers of poultry farming. One of them is located in the village of Tomilino, Moscow region. The poultry farm is very popular, on the shelves of stores you can often see its products.Initially, this company, founded back in 1929, was experimental. It developed and improved various technologies for the production of poultry meat and eggs. Subsequently, technologies were actively introduced, due to this a gradual transfer of the poultry industry to an industrial basis was accomplished.
In the period 1970-1980-ies the plant was recognized as the leader of the domestic poultry industry. However, in the 1990s, the factory experienced difficult times, the industry plunged into crisis. Production was unprofitable, the number of chickens decreased markedly. In addition, the environmental situation in the factory caused problems due to the huge accumulation of chicken manure.
Already in the 2000s, a gradual revival of the entire industry began, and, consequently, the poultry farm began to recover. The Moscow region has become one of the leading regions in the poultry industry. Now, despite some problems, the factory continues to function.
Poultry farms of the Moscow region: Sergiev Posad as a center for poultry farming
Another area of the Moscow region, in which poultry farming is well developed, is Sergiev Posad. Here are located several objects that are of interest from the point of view of the poultry industry.The first of them is the All-Russian Research and Technological Institute of Poultry. This institute was organized in the late 1930s and is still in operation. Various studies have been conducted on its base for many years, in particular, highly productive breeds of chickens have been created, selection methods have been developed, incubation and feeding norms have been studied.
The scientific developments of the institute are actively used both in Russian industrial production and abroad. Now, in addition to biotechnological and physiological research, poultry economics and marketing research is also being conducted here.
Another enterprise located in the Sergiev Posad district is called Genofund LLC. Collective breeds of not only chickens, but also guinea fowls and quails are concentrated in this institution. At the time of the establishment of the enterprise, there were 42 breeds of chickens in his collection, currently the number has grown to 70.
Breeding poultry farms in the Moscow region
Now it is worth talking about such a concept as a breeding poultry farm. The Moscow Region boasts several large enterprises that house breeding chickens.
Such poultry farms are engaged in breeding and studying certain species of birds.One of the largest plants is located in the east of the Moscow region, in the city of Balashikha. The breeding poultry factory called “Kuchinsky” has been operating for more than 80 years.