Lightning protection of a private house: I love storm ...
Lightning and thunder - is there more majestic naturalphenomenon? Flashes of inexplicably mysterious light attract and frighten simultaneously. Romantics stand at a window at a safe, naturally, distance and shudder at each raskate, but they do not escape anywhere. In fact, there are many reasons to be afraid of lightning, but it is quite possible to protect yourself and your home.
Why lightning protection of a private house?
To begin with, let us recall the nature of lightning from the coursephysics. The current in the form of a channel enters the ground, since the negatively charged particles are directed vertically downwards. Lightning acts destructively: it burns vegetation, crushes the walls of houses, deprives a person of fluids in the body; the discharge, following a certain path, touches the heart - the consequences are deplorable, although this depends on the strength of the current, the voltage. Therefore, you need to protect your home from this disaster. Being in a private home can sometimes be more dangerous than staying in an apartment during a thunderstorm, as many home appliances are included. Lightning protection of a private house - with their own hands or with the participation of specialists - in any case will not hurt.
What is lightning protection for a private house?
You can act in the old fashioned way: a metal rod on the roof is connected with a cable or wire with a bucket or a rail deeply buried in the ground. Yes, the grandfather's way works, but there are wonderful modern devices that give a guarantee on a professional level. The lightning protection device of a private house is simple: only three departments. The first is a lightning receptacle on the roof: a metal rod in human growth, a stretched rope or net. Each for its kind of roof. Metal elements on this surface should be rallied to the receiver. The second stage - the current lead - serves to carry the charge to the ground, it is attached to the walls. The final link is grounding. Its outline is bayonets of metal, very firmly fixed in the ground and connected by wire to each other. Remember the safe distance from the building and the paths and fences.
Lightning protection of a private house. How to install?
We have considered passive protection from lightning. There is also an active one, the principle of its operation is the ionization of air, and this device acts as a receiver. As you can see, the lightning protection of a private house, its structure is simple, which means that they are available for installation by anyone with instructions, tools, couples who are not afraid of work of hands and knowledge of safety techniques. You can consult with a specialist before installing yourself, or you can hire professionals. Will be slightly more expensive, but reliable and high-quality.
Some recommendations for hosts
Once every few years, check yourlightning protection systems, pins, bayonets, rope or ionizer, observe safety precautions. Remember that the drier the soil, the higher the resistance. By the way, it would be nice to calculate it by the formula known from the school bench. Carry out all the necessary calculations before installation, plan everything in advance. From sin, keep children away from the elements of the system, select a piece of land around the conductor. Then no thunderstorm will disturb the cosiness of the country house.