Knee pain when walking: causes and treatment
Many people know the pain in the knee when walking. Sometimes this is nothing special. Knee joints every day under great stress. However, their trauma is not excluded.
Who can “visit” the pain in the knee when walking? The risk group primarily includes athletes. However, it is easy to injure your knee during active rest. The same applies to the performance of physical work, which requires considerable effort.
What is dangerous pain in the knee when walking? In this case, it is a serious symptom. The fact is that the joints are very vulnerable. Even if there is no serious injury, the patient (especially older people) may experience unpleasant pain in the knees. This is due to their regular wear over time.
The main characteristic of the state
Often, after long walks in the legs, you can feel discomfort. If the knee is functioning normally, then there will be no discomfort after the rest. This factor is worth paying attention to.Sometimes the pain in the knee when walking can appear suddenly. In the chronic stage, it is acute and prolonged. This can happen due to injury and inflammation. Sometimes the basis for the appearance of these sensations is an infection.
The possibility of injury
Damage to the leg is a very unpleasant accident. It can happen to any person at home or at work. Also often there are situations when pain arises due to a disease. In particular, this refers to arthritis. Very often, when a person suffers from pain in the knees, the causes of its occurrence lie in the disease. Its appearance is associated with inflammation of various zones of the corresponding joint. Arthritis is a significant provocateur for reducing the mobility and stiffness of cartilage. Very often, pain in the leg below the knee can be an obstacle to normal movement.
Other signs indicating arthritis
It is about puffiness and reddening of the patella area. This also refers to the increase in local temperature in this area. If a knee is injured, the pain can last from a few minutes to 2-3 days from the moment the injury occurred.In this case, spasms may begin in the walls of the blood vessels. In this case, the numbness of the damaged area is likely to follow. In such a situation, the skin very often turns blue.
Acute damage to the joint
This category includes the following:
- Increased load on the joint.
- Various fractures of the upper parts of the small and tibia.
- Dislocation of cartilage.
- Injuries to the ligaments and tendons (sprains, severe dislocations) involved in maintaining the patella.
- Damage to the meniscus.
Other possible reasons
If a knee pain causes a doctor to see the patient, the reasons for their appearance should be established first. In many cases, their presence may indicate Osgut-Schlatter disease. We are talking about osteochondropathy of the tibia. Quite often, a knee injury is the main cause of this disease. Also, there are cases when it occurs without any prerequisites. In this case, the disease delivers the patient no less trouble.In many cases, people complain of increased pain in the knees during the following movements:
- The slightest extension and flexion of the limb.
- Descending and ascending the stairs.
In some cases, pain in the knee starts from behind. Discomfort can last up to three weeks. Sometimes the disease can become chronic. In this case, stiffness and discomfort in the zone of the knee will then subside, then begin anew.
Crunch and pain in the knees can be caused by another disease. It's about bursitis. This disease is characterized by a marked decrease in motor activity, as well as swelling. Good warm-up exercises help in getting rid of pain in the initial stages. However, with the development of the disease, the patient’s condition will worsen. Unpleasant sensations that a person feels while walking on a flat surface may be caused by inflammation of the sciatic nerve.
Symptoms during exercise
Some people (due to their professional activities) often have to squat. They are often disturbed by discomfort in the knees. It can be caused by various diseases. Say, gonarthrosis. This disease is accompanied by deterioration of cartilage. There are also a number of other reasons that can cause pain in the knees while descending or ascending the stairs.The same applies to the movement on flat planes.
Other possible causes are:
- Irrational food.
- Insufficient physical activity.
- Viral infection.
Course of ailments
If a sharp pain in the leg below the knee, as well as in other adjacent areas occurs during the descent, this will mean that the disease is progressing. In most cases, after a long walk, there are mild discomfort. Over time, they will begin to increase. In the future, discomfort can be felt even while walking for short distances. The initial pain is weak and quickly passes in a state of rest. If the discomfort does not subside for several hours, you need to contact a specialist. Sometimes in the knees, when descending the stairs, pain is felt due to the presence of periarthrosis of this zone. As a person lowers a straightened leg, the vertical load increases. In this case, the thigh muscle is subjected to isometric eccentric contraction. We are talking about the lack of convergence of attachment points. The fact is that muscle tension, which has degenerative-dystrophic changes, contributes to the appearance of pain in the knee.
Relief in the home
When a person has pain in the knee, treatment should begin as early as possible. Before visiting the doctor, you can put burdock or cabbage leaves to help at home. You can use and anti-inflammatory ointments. It is worth noting that if the patient is worried about severe pain in the knee, the folk remedy can be used as an auxiliary, but not the main one.
When pain in the knee appears, treatment should be directed to unloading the joint. A temporary restriction of movement is recommended. Thus, the patient is prescribed a half-bed mode. In this case, the knee needs rest. It is required to stop any activity that is associated with walking. Until the joint settles down, you need to take a break. The foot should be in the optimum position. To do this, under it you can put a small pad or roller.
Cold and warm
In order to remove the acute pain, you can use heat treatments or ice. Such manipulations can relieve pain. If applied correctly, the patient’s condition can be greatly alleviated.With regard to the effects of low and high temperatures, when they are carried out, it is necessary to remember the following nuances:
- A cold compress, as well as ice, is a good remedy for an increase in swelling of the joints after traumatization. This also applies to the prevention of bruising. A cold compress changes every 10-20 minutes. This procedure is repeated more than three times a day.
- The first two days after the trauma can not warm up the joint. Otherwise, the pain and swelling will increase. It is not recommended to drink alcoholic beverages, use warming compresses, take a hot bath or shower.
- After (on the third day), in case of a decrease in edema, heat can be applied to the joint.
When an unexpected pain arises in the knee, “how to treat” is the first question of the patient. In this case, it is advisable to use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They help relieve swelling in the joint and relieve pain. You can use external means (in the form of ointments), as well as take the medicine inside. If the patient has severe pain, then rectal forms of drugs and injections are prescribed.It should be noted that this drug group has many serious side effects. Accordingly, their appointment is carried out exclusively by a doctor. The fact is that some of these tools are sold in pharmacies without a prescription. The most common side effects of the above group of drugs:
- The occurrence of allergies.
- A negative effect on the liver.
- Reduced blood clotting.
- Effect on the gastric mucosa (in some cases, ulcers may form).
The most common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
With them you can achieve the following goals:
- Provide the body with all the elements that are necessary for the normal restoration of connective and bone tissue, as well as cartilage.
- Reduce the load on the knees with the help of body weight correction.
If the patient is taking NSAIDs, the stomach should be spared. In order to correct overweight, the calorie content of the daily diet is limited:
- It is forbidden to use confectionery and alcohol.
- Fats are limited.
- The use of bakery products and refined carbohydrates is minimized.
The stomach requires protection while taking NSAIDs. It can be organized by using the following:
- Broth of flax seed, oatmeal.
- Steamed products.
It is forbidden to use the following:
- Canned food.
- Spicy dishes.
- Products that contribute to gas formation (whole milk, legumes).