How to make a stencil with your own hands? How to make a stencil for painting - instructions
To decorate your home, you can make drawings on the walls or ceiling. You do not need to be an artist or have a special talent. Images are applied through stencils, the patterns of which can be of any shape and complexity. However, for more detailed images, it is necessary to select a material that is denser so that small parts do not deform when applying paint.
With the help of a stencil, you can create a pattern anywhere, not only on the walls, ceiling or floor. In this way it is easy to decorate furniture, clothes, various accessories. Naturally, the smaller the object on which the drawing is applied, the harder it is to make a stencil. However, if you have never done this before, it’s worth starting with larger, simpler images. The walls are perfect for this. You can practice not only to cut templates, stencils, but also apply a neat paint.
Where to get ready stencil
If you are not sure that you will get a good and neatly cut out the necessary pattern, you can buy a finished one. Now there are a lot of stencils of various shapes and complexity in stores. You can also order it in a company engaged in outdoor advertising. For a small additional fee, specialists will make an excellent stencil of self-adhesive film. Houses will only need to stick it on the wall and paint over.
What materials to make your exclusive stencil
For those who still want to create their own drawings, let us analyze how to make a stencil with your own hands, and what we need for this. The first thing you need to choose a material that does not lose shape when wet. If the stencil is planned to be used only once, then a simple sheet of drawing paper will do. It is quite dense, so it will be convenient to work. If you plan to use the stencil many times, then you should choose a special cardboard or laminated, also a tracing paper or wax paper works well. More reliable options are obtained from the film, but it should be dense. Also, good material - roll textolite, they can be used many times, the main thing - after work to wipe the paint off it carefully.
How to make a stencil with your own hands.Tools required for drawing pictures
- Sharp cutter. It can be purchased at a specialty store or made from an old piece of hacksaw blade.
- Roller for painting walls.
- Ditch (in it it is convenient to part paint).
- Several brushes of different thickness.
- Masking tape
- Paper napkins.
- Pieces of foam.
Now we will deal with the question of how to make a stencil for painting. We find a suitable picture and transfer it to the prepared material. This can be done in different ways. If the sheet is transparent, then the image is fixed under it, after which the drawing is carefully cut out with a knife.
If the future stencil is opaque, then we also attach an image under it, then we see through both sheets, for example, on the window or glass under which the lamp is laid. Looking at the base picture, carefully outline all the contours. If the stencil is made of cardboard, which can not be enlightened in any way, you will have to draw it by hand or transfer it through carbon paper.
Cut the image
The knife must be very sharp, because how to make a stencil with your own hands with a blunt tool will not work because it will not cut, but tear the material. And in the process of further work it should be regularly sharpened.It is better to start cutting with large areas of the picture; it is important for inexperienced people to feel the material and the tool in action. After that, it will be possible to create parts of a smaller size. If the image is large and consists of several stencils, then they need to be cut separately, and then joined, after which, where the sheets go overlap, make holes with an awl. When working, when stencils will be glued to the wall, these labels will help to easily connect the parts correctly, eliminating the risk of beveling.
Options for multi-color designs
If you plan a picture of two or more colors, then you need to think in advance how to make a stencil for the walls so that everything worked out perfectly. In this case, it is worth printing as many images as there are colors in it should be. That is, each print will be responsible for a particular color when applied to the surface.
For convenience, it is worth painting over the areas that need to be cut. Then we make stencils on blanks. When they are cut, you need to put them in a pattern and pierce through the awl. Then we apply them to the surface on which the image will be applied, and mark these holes on the wall. In the future, you only need to connect the labels and paint each layer in turn.
The choice of paint for drawing the picture on the surface
We understood how to make a stencil for painting. As you can see, it is not very difficult. Now it remains to choose the right paint. For each surface there is a certain kind of it. Acrylic dyes are great for home use. They dry quickly, in 4-8 hours, moreover, their color is always saturated and does not fade. For surfaces with a matte and smooth coating, as well as for acrylic wallpaper is ideal.
If it is necessary to make a drawing from the street side, then for this you need to choose facade paints. Also suitable for such work aerosols for metal or plastic. In rooms that are poorly ventilated, such dyes are not recommended because they are toxic. For the same reason, enamels and car paints should not be used inside the house.
Drawing the picture
The easiest way to apply images using monochrome stencils, patterns which are easily painted. Having trained on them, it will be easier to understand how the paint falls before making more complex pictures. First you need to glue the stencil to the surface.This can be done with masking tape or special spray glue.
The consistency of paint when creating an image
We dip the paint roller into the paint cuvette, distributing it over the entire foam rubber cylinder evenly and blotting excess paper with napkins. Only after that you can begin to paint the image on the surface of the stencil. The paint is applied in layers so that it is distributed over the surface evenly, without forming streaks. After completion of this process, you must immediately remove the stencil, without waiting for drying.
Simple and spectacular decoration for the walls
It is very simple to create reusable stencils of butterflies of various shapes, sizes and sizes. Even a novice who has no artistic skills can do this. Then you should paint the walls of the room in a certain order or in a chaotic way - it will look better. All technical implementation is quite simple, but the visual effect of such a decision is striking in its beauty and originality.
In the same way you can create stencils of colors. They will look no less impressive, but cutting them out is a little more difficult.The solution is to find simple shapes that are easy to make, like butterflies. These images can be connected to a whole meadow on the walls. This solution is suitable for children. Everything is created so simply that you can decorate the room with the kids. Having made many different stencils in advance, it is easy to apply them to walls or other surfaces, and then paint them with a roller or a simple piece of foam rubber.
We make a children's room
If your children just went to school, create a visual alphabet in their room. To do this, you can make a stencil of letters with your own hands and display them in different colors. This will contribute to the speedy development of the alphabet in a game form. Especially, if children participate in its creation.
It remains to discuss how to make a stencil of letters so that everything looks great. The easiest way is to find the necessary font on the web. After that, everything can be printed to create stencils, even from plain cardboard. After all, for the alphabet, one use of each letter is enough. Having created everything together with the child, you will know for sure that no one else in the whole world has such a room.
Work on a large image
When creating a large pattern in which more than one stencil is used, it is very important to fix everything neatly on the surface so that nothing will move away when working. For this hole-label on all stencils must match. You can fix them with masking tape. If any part of the picture is thin and does not adhere to the surface, it needs to be glued separately, because when applying paint, this element can be bent, and then you have to fix everything. To avoid this, you need to carefully fix not only the stencil itself, but also its small parts. Such elements can be fixed with special glue or double-sided tape.
Creating a multicolor picture
For a multi-color image, you also need a few stencils, which are sure to attach to the labels. Before work, you need to decide which color is closer and which color is farther. Since shadows are always farther than light, we first apply paint to the background of the composition, then to the shadow parts, and finish with highlights and the most illuminated elements. This order is necessary because the topmost layer will stand out more than others. The image created in such a sequence will be much more alive and believable.Artists, when they paint a picture, first create a distant background, and then objects that are closer, and at the very end draw the main element of the composition so that it looks like living.
After thinking about the sequence, you need to number what is going on. This is done so that when working there are no errors. Glue the first stencil, and then immediately mark the mark holes on the wall with a pencil. All other parts of the image will be applied on them. Then proceed to paint. When absolutely the entire surface is covered evenly, you can remove the stencil. We are waiting until this part is dry. Then you can continue to create a picture. After each applied layer of paint must necessarily dry. Only after that proceed to the next stage.
In the smallest and most difficult for the roller places to work better with a brush or a piece of foam rubber. Stencils should be removed immediately after painting, without waiting for the layer to dry.
Here, in principle, everything you need to know about how to make a stencil with your own hands, as well as how to use it to apply the pattern on the walls, ceiling, furniture and fabric.The considered technology is suitable for creating images on any object or surface.
This practice of interior decoration is simple, allowing anyone to take advantage of it. The result is amazing when you turn on your imagination. This decor does not hit hard on your wallet, because for this you need to buy only paint and roller. And everything else is easy to make from what anyone can find at home. The main thing is to try and experiment.