How to choose a burning apparatus for wood. Burn devices
Wood burning in its present form is a relatively young decorative art, but its roots lie in ancient times. In the distant past, the burning method was used mainly to decorate household utensils. Today, the art of burning has become rather a hobby. Not only craftsmen are engaged in such crafts, but also children in labor classes.
What tool is required for wood burning?
In order for the quality of the finished work to meet the highest standards, a wood burning apparatus is needed. Such a tool can be purchased in finished form or made independently. The domestic market is able to offer the consumer several options for burning devices. However, for all modifications, the presence of almost the same components is typical:
- metal screen;
- burning needle;
- needle holder;
- power wire.
It feeds the wood burning tool most often from a standard 220 V electrical network through a transformer. The advantage of electro-burning devices, in which the standard wire is replaced by a cable with a large cross-section ranging from 4 to 6 mm2. Such a modification can significantly increase the glowing of the burning needle.
The standard burner with nozzles contains straight needles, the shape of which is better to change independently on a curved one, bending at an angle of about 45about. For convenience, the plane of the burning needle should be processed with a small file. Thus, it is possible to obtain the most convenient, versatile apparatus with a needle, which will allow for burning to be performed both with the tip and the plane.
The main types of devices for burning wood
The first category can be attributed devices with solid feathers, the second - with wire needles. At the same time, wood burning with both types of apparatuses occurs through their operation from a standard electrical network. In wire devices there is a function to adjust the temperature of the filament of the working surface of the needle.
To understand what kind of burning apparatus for a tree will become the most convenient and effective in a given situation, it is enough to get acquainted with the specifics of the construction of individual options.
Devices with solid feathers limit the choice to only a few available models, since their functionality remains extremely limited due to the constant filament temperature. Attention here is to focus on power, the performance of which must be at least 20 watts, otherwise the burning apparatus for wood will significantly slow down the work.
If we talk about burners with wire feathers, then their range is much wider compared to the previous category of devices. Therefore, leaning towards this option, it is better for an unprepared user to consult with a specialist. If we talk about the most advanced, modern devices, here you can select a laser for burning on wood.
In the end, stopping your own choice on a particular model, you should make sure that the kit has a sufficient number of nozzles. This will greatly diversify the range of available works.
Advantages and disadvantages of solid feathers burning devices
Returning to the question of choosing a burner with solid feathers, it is worth considering their main advantages and obvious disadvantages. If we talk about the benefits, such a wood burning apparatus can boast of a democratic, affordable price, particular ease of use, superior durability and, accordingly, long service life.
Among the drawbacks of such devices is to highlight:
- prolonged heating and cooling;
- strong heating and possible overheating of the handle;
- the lack of opportunities for the implementation of thin, skillful artistic ideas;
- lack of convenience of most handles;
- the presence of a high probability of burnout with prolonged use.
Features of wire needle needles
Any professional burn-out apparatus with wire needles has a much wider range of advantages compared with the previous category of devices. Such devices are used for the most delicate, artistic work. These machines have enough power to process the hardest woods, and it takes no more than a few seconds to completely heat the needle.
The main disadvantages of wire devices include the high cost, the high cost of repairs, the difficulty of finding spare parts and components, especially if the burner is self-made and was purchased via the Internet. Moreover, wire needles often burn out, deform, and become completely unusable. Therefore need frequent replacement.
What materials can be called optimal for burning?
Currently, in order to burn, it is not necessary to spend time on an independent search for materials and sketches. It is enough to buy a ready-made set for burning wood. If it is necessary to realize the author's unique idea, wooden bricks, boards, wood boards can fit in as a basis.
Wood for work is better to choose well-dried, which will not warp and deform after completion of the work. An important issue is the selection of a suitable texture, shade and gloss of wood species. The best option for burning can be small-vascular wood that does not contain pronounced rings and knots.
If there are no suitable materials at hand or the burn-off device is used to train the child, then for a start it is better to use a wood burning kit, which today can be easily ordered online.
The surface of the workpiece for burning must be leveled and, if possible, carefully polished with emery paper. At first, you should not resort to using too complex patterns. If the image does not match the size of the workpiece, its scale should be reduced or increased.
In the absence of desire, you can not depict the drawing on the blank yourself. Enough use of copy paper, which will bring the main outlines of the picture, which you can later circle with a pencil.
In order not to smudge the material, it is better to choose old copy paper. This is the only way to avoid damage to the wooden base, which was carefully polished and prepared for work.
Wood burning technology
Currently, there are several common technologies for burning wood. Popular among the masters enjoys silhouette, contour and artistic, or pictorial, burning out.The main differences in these technologies are primarily in the technique of execution and types of drawings.
This technology is most often used by beginners, inexperienced masters. Execution here can be compared with drawing a contour image on a sheet of paper. When performing contour work, the main thing is to keep the hand in the maximum free position in the presence of a well-fixed point of support.
All lines must be equal in depth and width. For work it is better to use the hottest needle, reducing the voltage on the transformer to the limit. Performing a contour drawing on a tree, you should not be too zealous, pressing the needle with force.
Silhouette burning out
For the application of the silhouette burning technique, carefully ground, bent needles are suitable, the working surface of which must completely touch the material. Guide the needle along the wood fibers.
Beginners who use the technique of silhouette burning, it is recommended to use moderately heated needles. Only in this case, you can achieve the most smooth surface texture at the completion of work.
Silhouette burning can be processed quite impressive areas of wood.At the same time, applying smooth strokes can form not only dark lines. Moving a hot needle at a fast pace makes it possible to get the most varied shades, starting with the deepest brown color and ending with a light beige pattern.
The technology is based on the professional combination of both of the above techniques. It is better to perform the first tests in artistic burning from images of geometrical figures of the simplest form. This approach will allow you to get acquainted with the features of the formation of the effect of the game of light and shadow on the surface of wood.
Being engaged in artistic burning down on a tree, it is necessary to remember about the need for guiding the clear contours of the depicted figures. In this case, the main task of the art of burning is the transfer of volume in space.