How are archaeological excavations

I am a student of history, and we have such a practice - go to the archaeological site. Many people think that this is romance: nature, bonfire, unique finds. Now I will try to open the curtain of mystery.
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

We traveled in 2015 in p. Borisovka, Belgorod region. There is the Borisov Settlement (Scythian, about 2.5 tons ago), about 200x300 in size.
Borisov castle mound found in 1948. Settlement 5-4 centuries BC It had three lines of fortification that protected its inhabitants from the raids of nomadic Scythians.
The first day of practice is the most difficult. Need to put a tent, kitchen, "fridge", host tents:
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

It's a kitchen. According to rumors, one student didn’t want to work out the practice, or did it poorly, and her father cooked us such a kitchen. Meals were three - at 7.30, at 14.30, at 19.00. Those on duty (boy and girl) stay in the camp for the whole day. Diet - cereals, stew, pasta, tea, biscuits, condensed milk. The hardest thing is to melt it in the morning - it's damp on the street and you want to sleep.
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

This is a hoz. It stores dishes and products. The photo is not visible, but behind it - the "fridge".
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, site of ancient settlement,the ground, the end, basically, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

A “fridge” is a pit several meters deep where perishable food is stored. Speaking of temperatures - in the daytime under the sun it reached 35 degrees, in the rain it dropped to 20-25.
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

I do not know how to properly call this tent. It weighs about 400 kg, metal frame. We collected it for several hours due to inexperience. It was planned that there would be a headquarters there, but because of the heat, we used it to store tools, finds, and bring belongings into it during the rain.
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

Now about the excavation itself. We started working at 8.00, finished at 14.00 (we dug in the forest, and the heat was not so terrible). Every hour - a break for 10 minutes to rest, and one for 20 minutes - "the second breakfast" - a sandwich with mayonnaise and saury:
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

In the first days we dug and immediately recognized all the details. Excavations are carried out in accordance with the documentation, we were taught to use the level.
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

A 5x5 square is dug down to a depth of 20–25 cm (1 spade bayonet). Then the layer is cleaned - an even neat cut is made so that the "earth shines". Finds are searched for in the heap of land:
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

Basically it is ceramics and bones. The first days are indescribable enthusiasm, then already sick of it. But! All finds are stored and transported to the camp, where they are subsequently washed and sorted.
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

To make the earth "shine" cleaning is done barefoot.in the second photo, because of the rains, the excavation was flooded (::. Mainly used two shovels - bayonet (for digging) and shovel sharp "bison (for stripping).
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

Sometimes they stumbled on pockets. They are dug neatly with a small shovel under the supervision of a nauto.ru. All layers are photographed and sketched, foci too. Finds from the hearth - in a separate package.
The depth of our excavation was 50-90 cm, it is digging up to the natural layer, i.e. to clay in our case.
We were at the excavation site for three weeks. One weekend per week, Saturday was abbreviated. about san.uzla - we were lucky, and our camp was located on the territory of the reserve's administration - washbasins 200 m, shower, toilet. The second luck - before the excavation we traveled by car through the village, on foot to the village - about 20 minutes. Fresh chicken was for lunch, if the person on duty was not lazy. And in general, stocks can be easily replenished.
"Subtleties":
1) At the end of the excavation, all the pits are filled with the same ground, as if we were not here
2) During the archaeological survey, I found pottery of the 18th century, and the patrons of the Second World War. Where found - there and left. These items will be their excavations.
In the end, the freshmen have a dedication.It is kept secret, but at the end of it I looked like this:
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

All the clothes had to be thrown out (yes, right down to the underpants), and in the whirlpool there was a whole half an hour washing off.
Should I go on an expedition - everyone will decide. If you are ready to be without communication, comfort, see the same faces all the time (we were 12 students in total) ... Yes, by the way, decide for yourself.
But I am glad that I have this experience in the background)
Thanks to all!
A source
Once again I remind you that posts can now be read onchannel in Yandex.Dzene
How are the archaeological excavations of finds, minutes, about, glistened, done, Borisov, ancient settlement, land, the end, mainly, is done, the most so that, shovels, all, excavations, excavations, stored, ceramics, refrigerator

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