Historical moments in the movie "Forrest Gump"

The film "Forrest Gump", in addition to the wonderful line of becoming a hero and the performance of the American dream, is filled with a huge number of references, references or direct scenes with real historical events of the USA of that time.
Historical moments in the film

Ku Klus Clan
At the very beginning, we are told that Forrest was so named after his distant ancestor, an interesting person, Nathaniel Forrest.
Historical moments in the film

Real Nathaniel Forrest
Forrest describes him as "a leader of people who liked to dress in white clothes and cover themselves with sheets, they even covered horses with white sheets."
Actually, yes, besides the fact that Nathaniel was a General of the South during the Civil War, he is also considered the founder of the Ku Klux Klan.
Or rather, its “legalized” version (the organization had existed for about 2 years).

In 1867, a set of internal rules of the KKK (called the "Prescription") was adopted, and Nathaniel Forrest was appointed the "Grand Master" - the head of the clan.

Historical moments in the film

Frame from the film
Elvis
In 1954, a certain musician who performs songs with a guitar stops at Forrest’s mother.
Historical moments in the film

This musician is Elvis Presley, who picks up his style of movement from Forrest.
American Football and Paul Brynt
In 1963, Forrest demonstrates the runner’s impressive abilities and was invited to the Alabama national football team.
The coach, who noted Forrest's tremendous abilities in running, was not anyhow anybody, but the legendary Paul “The Bear” Brynt, who for 25 years was the head coach of the Alabama University football team and won 6 national championships with her. In the state of Alabama (where Forrest Gump is from) he is a cult figure, he has several monuments.
His distinguishing feature was the wearing of his black and white hat (which, by the way, is called Fedor).
Historical moments in the film

Frame from the film
Historical moments in the film

Paul brynt in reality
Segregation
In 1963, Forrest becomes a participant in the entrance to the University of Alabama.
The bottom line is that two black US citizens wanted to register as students (they had previously received permission to study with a federal judge). The catch is that if they registered,they would be the first black students in history in Alabama.
Governor George Wallace has blocked entry.
Historical moments in the film

Governor Wallace prevents black students
The US Attorney General and the National Guard were called, and only after a direct order from the President (at the time, Kennedy), Wallace gave up and missed future students.
Historical moments in the film

In the film, Forrest Gump in this story picks up a fallen notepad from one of the black students, Vivian Malone.
Historical moments in the film

Forrest has just handed over the notebook, and stands in the same doorway.
Vietnam War
In 1967, Forrest goes to war in Vietnam.
Some special historical events of this war were not shown in the film (although it was possible to show the operation “Thunder Rolls” and the New Year offensive and many more important moments of the war).
Historical moments in the film

Commander of Forrest becomes Lieutenant Dan, whose family participated in all conflicts, in which, respectively, the United States took part (War of Independence, Civil War, Both World Wars).
The only war that for some reason was not reflected in the annals of the lieutenant’s family is the war in Korea.
Antiwar sentiment
In 1969, on his return from Vetnam, Forrest gets to the anti-war rally, where he, as a war veteran, is pushed onto the stage for speech.
Historical moments in the film

The man on the right of Forrest is the famous anti-war activist Abby Hoffman.
Historical moments in the film

Abby Hoffman in reality
By the way, Forrest's full speech at the rally sounded like this:
"When people go to Vietnam, they return to their mothers without legs. And sometimes they do not return at all. This is bad. That's all I want to say about the war."
In the film, due to sabotage with sound, the crowd heard only the last sentence.
Black Panthers
Upon returning to Jenny, Forrest sees the Black Panther squad meeting.
Historical moments in the film

The Black Panthers are radical organizations defending the rights of the black population in the United States. The methods used by the organization were very brutal - arson, murder, explosions.
For example, one of the most famous prisoners in the United States - Mummiya Abu-Jamal - was a member of the Black Panthers (sentenced to death, which was later replaced with a life sentence for killing a police officer).
Ping pong diplomacy
In 1971, Forrest becomes an excellent table tennis player, and travels to China, as part of the so-called ping-pong diplomacy.
Historical moments in the film

In those days, it was very difficult to enter China (even to diplomats), but, unexpectedly, the US team on ping pogu received an invitation to enter, after performing in Japan (they say, as some of them openly called themselves members of the Black Panthers, and those were considered to be freedom fighters in the PRC).
Historical moments in the film

American diplomats also secretly went to Beijing along with the athletes. Following the talks, then Secretary of State Henry Kissinger visited China. And thanks to all these negotiations, President Richard Nixon's visit to the PRC was realized, which became a sensation.
Lennon and Imagine
In 1971, on returning home from China, Forrest helps Lennon write the song Imagine.
Historical moments in the film

Forrest talks about the lives of people in China, and John responds with phrases that will later become the lyrics of the song "Imagine".
Curious George
A book that mom reads to Forrest.
Historical moments in the film

And then Forrest reads to his son ...
Historical moments in the film

This is not some kind of book, but one of the most popular series of children's books in the United States - "Curious George", which has resulted in more than one generation of American children.
By the way, the role of the son of Forrest is played by Haley Joel Osment, who will then be noted for the famous role of the child in The Sixth Sense.
Watergate scandal
In 1972, Forrest settled in the Watergate Hotel. And at night he sees there some strange people who are looking for something with flashlights.
They stop Forrest from sleeping and he complains to the receptionist on the phone.
Historical moments in the film

Thus, he begins the famous Watergate scandal, when 5 people were caught for installing listening devices at the headquarters of the Democratic Party (who was at the Watergate Hotel).
These people acted on the orders of the then president from the Republican party, Richard Nixon - before the election was 4 months and the president wanted to know by all means what was going on among the competitors.
The subsequent investigation led to the first and so far the only early resignation of the US President from his post.
Historical moments in the film

Project 100 000
In the last post I argued that there was nothing interesting about Vietnam in the film - but I was corrected very correctly in the comments.
Indeed, the notorious program Project 100,000 (also known as McNamara's Morons), launched in 1966, is worth mentioning.
Historical moments in the film

Vietnam was sorely lacking in recruits, and then Secretary of Defense McNamara announced an initiativeaccording to which the threshold of intellectual development for the appeal has been greatly reduced. As a result, a huge number of people (149 thousand in the first year alone) with an extremely low iQ were drafted into the army.
This led to a tremendous demoralization of the US Army in Vietnam.
Gump and Bubba apparently got into the troops for this reason.
Hurricane Carmen
In 1974, Gump and Lieutenant Dan are experiencing Hurricane Carmen.
The hurricane was true, but, in truth, it was notable for something outstanding.
Apple
1976 - the year of the official foundation of the company.
A letter in the film, as we see, was received in 1975, I wonder how).
In just a couple of years, in 1977, Apple II will be introduced, which will make Apple one of the leaders of the personal computer market, and Forrest itself - a millionaire.
Historical moments in the film

And not just Forrest, but another guy named Steve
Running across America
In 1977, Forrest decides to run through the USA (from coast to coast).
It is believed to be a reference to Louis Michael Figueroa, who ran from New Jersey to San Francisco in support of the anti-cancer society — he made a promise to his friend who was dying of cancer.
Historical moments in the film

The Internet, claims that this is a photo of a real Louis, I do not undertake to vouch for the authenticity.
Generally speaking, running through the USA is a well-known way to draw attention to a social problem.
Here is a list of people who did this (before and after Louis).
Shit Happens and Smiley
During his race, Forrest comes up with the slogan of Shit Happens.
Historical moments in the film

And the idea for the famous emoticon.
Historical moments in the film

By the way, at the moment, the slogan "Shit Happens" and the emoticon image are in the public domain - they can be used freely, without fear of deductions.
HIV
In the final of the picture, in 1981, Forrest returns to Jenny and she says that she has some unknown virus from which she dies and with which the doctors cannot do anything.
Historical moments in the film

In the same year, the first outbreak of this virus will be recorded (more than 120 deaths).
And in a year this virus will be given the name HIV.
Presidents
In the film, Forrest meets c 3 of 5 US presidents, whose terms fall on the duration of the film:
Historical moments in the film

With John Kennedy (Forrest really wanted to go to the toilet, after Dr. Pepper’s 20 bottles)
Historical moments in the film

With Lyndon Johnson (later Forrest will show him the place of the injury, namely the buttock)
Historical moments in the film

And Richard Nixon (who, having heard that Forrest was staying at a cheap hotel, moves him to Watergate - which ultimately leads him to resign).
Only Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter are missing.
Marilyn Monroe
When Forrest Gump finally arrives at the toilet after meeting with Kennedy, he sees a photo of Marilyn Monroe with an autograph at the sink, next to the photo of the Kennedy brothers.
In the photo caption: "John, with love. Marilyn."
Historical moments in the film

This is an allusion to famous rumors about Marilyn's love affair with Robert and John F. Kennedy.
in total
So, in this truly great film, all the cult events of the US history of the 1960s - 1980s were shown through the prism of the perception of simple to naive Forrest.
Historical moments in the film

This is the formation of rock and roll, and the fight against segregation, and the war in Vietnam, and Watergate, and so on and so forth.

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