High technology "pipes"

If you still think that oil and gas production is primitive and you are joking about the "pipe", then it's time to stop - the time has passed when you could dig a hole and draw oil out of it with buckets. Now all easily accessible deposits have already been exhausted, and what remains remains requires a complex industry, highly qualified specialists and modern technologies. And future professionals of the oil industry are being trained, including at the training ground of the Tyumen Industrial University in the village of Uspenka near Tyumen. And we, people from the outside, can get acquainted with this interesting technique here.
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Why is the rig just a rig? The fact is that a long "straw" from connected pipes is lowered into the well. Pipes can be of different purposes - boring and casing (support the walls of the well) and are used three pieces screwed together with a total length of around 28 meters. A white stripe across the tower is a balcony on which a special person works. Above the balcony is a winch for lowering and lifting the column from the pipes, below which they are installed and removed.
One can see that this is really a balcony (by the way, it is called "loft").To the right are stacked pipes, and you can even see the thickenings, where they are interconnected.
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Bottom-up view. In the foreground, the winch hook, the drill string can weigh hundreds of tons, so the winch is powerful. Specifically, this can lift 140 tons. On the right, the screwed “candles” of three pipes are clearly visible.
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The pipes are loaded or unloaded along this chute.
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Red winch hook is on the rotor. The rotor firmly embraces the drill string and rotates it while drilling.
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At the very bottom, the rotation is transmitted to the drill bit, which destroys the rock, dropping lower and lower.
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The pipes are screwed and unscrewed with such a powerful drill key. Here he is in a folded position, and during operation he will move to the right to grasp the drill string.
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A very important unit - swivel. He must simultaneously perform several tasks. Firstly, it is located at the very top of the drill string and must withstand its weight during descent and ascent. Secondly, it is fixedly mounted on the hook of the winch, but allows the column to rotate under itself. And thirdly, it provides leaktightness, because the drilling fluid is pumped into the column through the hose, washing and cooling the bit, lifting the sludge up (the rock destroyed while drilling) and performing many more useful functions.
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Red - power transmission on the rotor, behind the drum with a winch cable. Interestingly, the cable that worked on the winch is regularly wound and cut off - it wears out pretty quickly.
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The "engine room" of the drill - here are located the engines, generators and pump drives, in general, the energy sources for all operations.
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Hydraulic power unit capacity of 450 horsepower.
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The romance of the oil spurting the fountain ends quickly enough - the pressure at the bottom drops. There is a need to put pumps in order to forcibly raise underground treasures. This is the elevated part of a submersible centrifugal pump.
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A well-known “rocking chair” is an elevated part of a sucker-rod pump, by design it is not much more complicated than a manual water pump that can stand in your country house. The prevalence of rocking chairs associated with the simplicity, reliability and simplicity of design.
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I was struck by the figure mentioned to us - on average, only 30% of oil is extracted from the ground even with all modern technologies. The remaining 70% are waiting for humanity to learn how to extract them.
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And this is a relatively simple and small separator.The fact is that from the well often there is not pure oil, but a mixture that needs to be separated.
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The "highlight" of the blog tour - the ear "with oil." In fact, of course, black is not oil, but ink of cuttlefish. Just below the plate, the mosquito is clearly discernible in flight - a delegation of bloggers, in turn, was visited by a cloud of midges and mosquitoes, creating a not very comfortable, but extremely authentic atmosphere of the harsh romanticism of conquering Siberia.
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Final: anointing with oil. Despite the obvious frivolity of the oilman’s oath, which was depicted by bloggers, I was surprised to find myself choosing which one to watch the next film about oil production. And the drama in the film "There will be blood" is now destroyed by reflections "but they would have preventers on the rig - there would be no tragedy."
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I express my heartfelt thanks to the organizers of NeForum for a very interesting and brilliantly organized event and to LiveJournal for the invitation. In turn, NeForum was helped by: the Government of the Tyumen Region, general partners: Rosatom, Wargaming, partners Kaspersky Lab, X5 Retail Group.
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#NotForum #NewForumTyumen #NewForum2018 #in SiberiaBy yourwill
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