Garden Daisy. Daisy flower: planting and care
There are garden plants that can not not like. Daisy - a flower that pleases the eye all summer. White and pink pom-poms of the usual form and colors or inflorescences resembling a daisy, but an unusual color scheme (Cape daisies) are not difficult to grow.
Below we describe in detail about the unpretentious, tender and beloved by all flowers - daisies. Photo, planting and care, possible difficulties arising from their breeding, the main problems faced by amateur growers will be covered as fully as possible.
In addition to the usual daisy, we will talk about her close relative, who does not look like her at all, but is a very interesting and popular plant among gardeners. It is called osteosperm.
Let us tell you which plants best combine this particular flower - a daisy. Photos, care, diseases and pests, recommendations on how to extend flowering, tips on combining landscape design with other representatives of the flora will be of interest to many fans of unusual plants.
Sacral meaning of the plant
Daisy is a flower that symbolizes purity, kindness, innocence and simpleheartedness. Poems have been written about it, legends are folded, it is in the Feng Shui reference books and even in dream books. However, after seeing a daisy in a dream, do not rush to rejoice. If this is a single plant, a bouquet or a group of flowers that have not been blossomed in time, then a sad event awaits you. Only summer dreams promise joy, in which daisies bloom on a green lawn. The value of the flower in this case changes and promises good luck and a favorable set of circumstances. Esoteric gives the woman, received the name of Margaret, a certain stubbornness, infantilism, excessive trustfulness and does not promise her happy love.
In other sources, Margarita is a pearl, which seems more like the truth. Take a look at the well-groomed lawn with short green grass. Fluffy balls that look like a sprinkled pearl necklace - this is what a daisy flower looks like. Her photos always cause affection. In the landscape, she is just charming.
Variety of species
A wild daisy is a short, nondescript flower with a flat basket of white or pinkish color.Sometimes half-double copies come across. It can be found on meadows in Europe, in Asia Minor and in North Africa.
Breeders have long mastered this plant and brought a lot of new varieties. Currently, there are more than 30,000 wild and domesticated species of daisies. They are distinguished by the height of the bush, the size and color of the flower basket, and the timing of flowering.
The most popular among growers are terry and semi-double large- and small-flowered forms. The snowball is distinguished by large flowers on lush bushes (up to 25 pieces). Rose hygiene - a plant with large pale pink flowers, blooming in spring and early summer (about 20 pieces on one bush). Etna - very rich dark purple color with a bright orange core. Schnebel - up to twenty large white pompons bloom at the same time on one bush. Dwarf pompon daisies with numerous small flowers, up to 40 pieces on one bush, are always popular as pot plants of the garden. Pomponella has the smallest flowers, less than 1 cm. Slightly larger - Ze pearl and Dresden China. Their inflorescences, respectively, with white and pink flowers do not exceed 2 cm in size.
Pompon Daisies and Osteospermum
Let us consider how the daisy differs from other flowering flowerbed plants. Its flower is a basket of white tubular and reed petals or various shades of pink: from the palest to the beetroot-red shades with an invariably yellow core. In terry forms, it is hidden behind a dense cover of tubular petals. On one peduncle - only one flower.
Are there yellow daisies? Yes. These are the so-called Cape daisies, or osteospermum. They are also called African and blue-eyed daisies. They are not terry.
In such a plant, as a common garden daisy, the flower reaches an average of about 4 cm in diameter. Large-flowered, selection forms - 5-6 cm, and miniature - 2 cm. Osteospermum has larger flowers. Kap's daisy is much higher than usual - up to 30 cm, while the largest forms of European daisies do not grow by more than 20 cm.
Not so long ago, breeders brought out varieties of osteospermum, three times higher, up to a meter tall, with a flower with a diameter of up to 10 cm. They resemble their ancestors very little. Petals can be both yellow, and lilac, and orange, even motley with specks or stripes, and the core is often blue or purple.If you were given a blue chamomile, then do not think that it was painted with aniline dye or it is a genetically modified plant. This is osteopermum. The plant is very similar to a decorative chamomile or kosmeyu. Only osteospermum has a sturdier stem, and its petals are denser and harder.
Daisies are incredibly good in miniature bridal bouquets. They do not fade for a long time and do not lose their decorativeness. Osteopermums are often used for dried flower compositions.
Features of growing
The Cape daisy, osteosperm, according to the botanical characteristics, is closer to the dimorpha than to the daisy. However, it, in contrast to demorfoteka, is a perennial. The unique Kapa daisy plant is a flower, the cultivation of which gives only pleasure and satisfaction. The fact is that osteosperm well reproduces not only by dividing the bush, but also by seeds and even cuttings. Some experts argue that it is best to propagate osteospermum cuttings: in the spring - green, and in the fall - lignified. The survival rate is very high, and the plant will bloom both in the flowerbed and on the windowsill or balcony.Too nutritious soil can enhance leaf growth and root development at the expense of flowering. For this reason, to get involved in frequent summer feeding should not be. Enough to prepare for planting a good pochvosmes. The rest of the care consists in timely moistening and removal of faded heads.
In the landscape
Since the daisy is very unpretentious, then pick up for her neighbors in a flower bed, rabatka or rockaria is not very difficult. The main guideline is what size and color they are. Daisy flower looks beautiful against the background of small blue forget-me-nots, dark violet viola. You can create an interesting composition of primroses, daisies, white daffodils and tulips and daylilies. They all bloom at about the same time. With proper care, a daisy does not lose its decoration from spring to autumn. This property made the flower sought after by landscape designers.
It is quite another thing - Cape daisies. Photos of flowers do not give a chance for doubt. These peculiar plants are not intended to serve as a backdrop for other flowers. Osteosperm is so unusual that it deserves a separate landing.As companions for him are good ferns with a large mass of decorative leaves, the host, Badan. Osteospermum with bluish Chistez Byzantine or Brunner looks very impressive. The rare colors of the cape daisy and the intricate shape of the petals of some varieties, such as Sandy Pink, deserve to appear in a small flower garden solo.
Amazingly unpretentious plants - daisies. Photos of flowers clearly demonstrate that they put up with a neighborhood of very different, including very capricious plants. A prerequisite for normal growth and flowering is to prevent the soil from drying out. Regular loosening is desirable but not necessary.
Daisies are flowers that can be entrusted to the sun and the earth. With good illumination and timely watering, they will bloom magnificently from April to September. Whitened heads are best removed. If this is not done, then the plant will send strength to the ripening of seeds and flowering will be reduced. In central Russia, daisies safely overwinter under snow and do not require additional shelter. In severe winters with little snow they are covered with spruce or non-woven fabric.It is better not to use the fallen leaves, as it will not protect against mice. In addition, it can contain spores of disease-causing fungi and larvae of parasites.
During the summer, it is enough to spend three feeding liquid nitroammofoskoy. Nitrogen needs to take two parts, phosphorus - four, and potassium - one. Spring feeding is carried out immediately after the snow melts and before bud break, that is, in March-April. Summer - in late June - early July. The third is in September. I must say that spring dressing is mandatory and the most important. If you do not miss it, the daisies will repay the long and lush flowering.
Despite its unpretentiousness, a daisy is a flower, the cultivation of which can turn into a kind of hobby. Although this plant is a perennial, in one place for more than two years it is not cultivated. After a powerful flowering and growth for two years, the daisy begins to degenerate first into a wild, small, non-doubled form, and then disappears altogether. To preserve a variety, it must be rejuvenated every year by dividing a bush and planting in a new place. Plant young plants should be in the fertile soil of neutral acidity.The best land for them is light or medium loam. Sandy and sandy soil needs improvement. Ash, peat and rotted manure should be added to it. On exhausted soil flowering will be scarce, and planting plants in early spring in a fertilized flower bed, you will soon become the owner of a beautiful and elegant, pleasing to the eye corner.
Daisies retard weed growth. Therefore, weeding young bushes is not required. The great convenience of these flowers is also in the fact that, without spoiling the soil, they damp down the weeds the next year. Digging only daisies, in the same place you can plant other plants. Weeds will not. It is only necessary to enrich the soil with fertilizers.
Daisy is an undemanding flower, so it grows well in partial shade from the leaves of tall trees. The bright midday sun can cause a slight discoloration of the linear petals of osteopermum, so it is better to plant them closer to the gazebos or to the winding flowers, raised on supports. Spherical garden daisies, consisting of tubular flowers, practically do not fade. In a strong shadow, daisies bloom worse than in a moderately lit area.
Growing from seed
Daisies can be grown from seed and cuttings. The most intense bloom comes in the second year. On the third they are usually not left, but are replaced by new ones.
Seeds should be taken from plants of the first year of life or bought in specialized stores. Only in this case, you can count on abundant flowering. In June, the seeds are sown in open ground, when the ground is warm enough. After seven to ten days sprouts appear. Picks should be carried out 15-20 days after the appearance of the first sheet. Flowers are planted on a permanent place a month after the picking. The distance between the bushes is no more than 20 cm. It is also not recommended to plant more often. When the plants take root and grow, they will become cramped, and they take root very quickly. In the same year we can expect the first flowering. It should be noted that transplanting and dividing the bush is useful for daisies. She carries it easily, even with full-blown buds.
Another good way to preserve a variety is to grow daisies from young, no older than two years, cuttings. A side knife with a leaf is cut with a sharp knife. In the sinus is a kidney.For reliability, the shoot can be processed with a root and prikopat, having buried the kidney into the ground one centimeter. The plant needs to be watered and shaded every day from the sun, covered with a plastic cap. The soil should be light, humus. Two weeks later, the roots appear. Flowering begins next year.
Gardeners, who have rare and especially ornamental varieties on their plots, in order to prevent degeneration, in the early autumn, they perform a procedure for rejuvenating the bushes. They dig daisies and cut each bush into delenki - 10-12 pieces. The roots and leaves are shortened, the buds and flowers are removed. The following year, the plants give a lush bloom.
Anti-aging division can be done in the spring. If you have time to spend it in March, then by June-July we can expect the appearance of flowers.
Pests and diseases
Daisy flowers, the cultivation of which is not very difficult, moreover, there are very few susceptible diseases. In the summer, with rare irrigation or overdose with inorganic fertilizers, powdery mildew may occur. A single, double treatment with a fungicide will help to quickly deal with this nuisance.With the defeat of ticks, which happens extremely rarely, the plants are treated with acaricide.
Fungal diseases are manifested in leaf discoloration, stretching of peduncles and shredding of flowers. In this case, the diseased plant should be dug out and burned together with a clod of earth.
In winter, shallow rootstocks can gnaw mice. In the summer of mechanical damage threaten from slugs and caterpillars scoops.
The ideal plant for beginners florist
If there is a plant that can be recommended to a beginner florist, then this is, of course, a daisy. With little care, she will surely bloom with beautiful and delicate flowers. If the plant is supposed to decorate a balcony or loggia, then it does not need to be grown in a seedling manner. Sow in the spring in a pot with good soil, and then just remember to water at least once every three days. An inexperienced nerd can even plant osteopermum in the most unusual and original colors. This plant is no less unpretentious than the garden non-double and pompon daisies.