Flowers for flower beds. Flower bed decoration
Among the variety of options for beds, beginning flower growers are sometimes lost. Most often, the difficulty is the question of how to choose flowers for flower beds. What is preferable to perennials or annuals? What will look like ornamental plants on the background of the lawn, buildings, next to the track? Our review of the main types of flowerbeds is intended for all who wish to create a flower garden with their own hands and enjoy their creation for almost the whole year.
Amazing flower beds
At one of the largest flower grower forums, the annual Flora Holland 2013 fair in the Aalsmeer community, the phrase “We want to surprise everyone” became the motto of the participants. The attention of numerous visitors was attracted by two large exhibits - the heart of red roses over a field of pink gerberas and the contours of a decorative cabbage tulip among a variety of red, pink, white flowers.
Such compositions are difficult to imagine in the country, but the slogan "surprise everyone" with the help of a flower bed can be adopted.There are canons of landscape design, they must be followed when creating different types of flower beds. But the creative flight of thought has not been canceled. Original shapes, unusual contours and beautiful flowers for flower beds will help to surprise everyone. Bright annuals will flare up in the middle of a neatly trimmed lawn, gentle peonies will thoughtfully incline large buds to an evergreen box. There are many other ideas for creating beautiful elements of the flower garden, attractive for almost the whole year.
The best places to create flower beds
Properly planned and properly planted flower gardens will definitely become a favorite detail of the patio, the center of attraction in English, German or Japanese garden, where you want to spend all your free time. Even in a limited space, it is possible to harmoniously combine annual flowers for flower beds and perennials, gazebos and benches.
Should be provided with the possibility of caring for plants (watering, loosening, weeding, feeding). Be sure to consider the requirements of colors to environmental factors. Shade-loving and shade-tolerant decorative cultures are planted in the front garden under the trees and closer to the house.Solar seats in the garden, protected from cold winds, are set aside for light and heat-loving flowers.
A bit of theory, or the main types of beds
Different classifications of flower beds are used, the division into regular and irregular ones is more common. The first group includes beds of regular geometric shape, the characteristic feature of which is the symmetrical placement of plants, usually blooming at the same time. In landings there are clear boundaries, there are no smooth transitions, as in irregular compositions.
By regular can be attributed most of the monoclums, suitable for them perennials (tulips, primroses, roses, peonies, dahlias). If you choose annual flowers for flower beds, then take into account at what time different cultivars bloom.
In the irregular composition of the plant planted zones, there are natural transitions between areas of different height and color. It is necessary to select an assortment for such a flower bed taking into account the preservation of its decorative appearance for at least 6–7 months a year.
Simple flower beds
Gardens, front gardens, courtyards and vegetable gardens are decorated with curly flower beds of round or square shape.There may be outlines in the form of a rhombus, a star, other geometric shapes, as shown in the photo of flowerbeds with flowers in the article. It is easy to see that they are located independently on the lawn or become part of other ornamental plantings. Perfectly look simple beds of tulips with different color petals, but the same height, or several species of plants with flowers of contrasting shades.
Flower bed sizes can be less than one meter (from 75). Most often, the diameter of the flower bed is greater than 1 m, the usual dimensions are from 3 to 6 m in width and length, 50–80 cm in height. If desired, create beds with a diameter of 7 to 20 m, but it is more difficult to care for such plantings. Each flower bed should protrude 8–15 cm above the lower lawn of the lawn. Separate the beds with flexible boards made of polymeric materials, digging them into the ground almost completely. Another design option for the edges is to lay a black film and sprinkle decorative rubble on top.
Difficult flower beds
When creating a multi-level system of flowers, its components are carefully selected - uneven ornamental plants. In addition, they lift the whole structure, supplement it with natural stone, small architectural forms.In the center must be high plants, for example, delphiniums, phloxes, geleniums. As they move to the edges, medium-growth and low types of flower crops replace them. For a complex flowerbed, the photo of which is presented below in the article, tulips, irises, astilbeas, begonias are suitable.
Replaceable flower beds "four seasons"
March – May is the time of early spring plants. They are replaced by summer and autumn crops that bloom up to 60 days. These groups include asters, zinnias, dahlias, chrysanthemums, geleniums. Annual flowers for flower beds can replace early spring plants that have lost their decorative effect at the beginning of summer. Such shifts on ornamental beds have become common practice.
Leading landscape designers and amateur gardeners develop the “formulas” of interchangeable flower beds that preserve the beautiful view of the four seasons of the year. Flowerbeds in containers, vases, baskets, barrels, carts are becoming increasingly popular. Small in size, they are suitable for any part of the garden, look good next to the porch, terrace. Only more frequent moistening will be required, it may be necessary to have shelter for the winter. Popular cultures for containers: petunia, fuchsia, pelargonium, begonia, nasturtium, balsam.
Permanent flower beds
There are ornamental crops that bloom for a long time. In addition, evergreens and succulents are used. Coniferous, decorative and deciduous and “pillows” are popular plants for such types of flower gardens as rock gardens, mixborders and rockeries. They require minimal maintenance, if initially arranged correctly. With a strong growth of pillow forms and succulents, their transplantation and rejuvenation will be required.
Roses are flowers for a bed of any type. The shape and size of the rosary vary greatly, which encourages gardeners, owners of summer cottages, cottages to dream, to be smart.
Island flower beds
Among the sites of different sizes on the lawns you can arrange island flower beds, open to view from all sides. This kind of flower bed belongs to irregular compositions in which strict geometry of figures is not necessary.
Flower bed arrangement can be very simple: on a prepared site 2–2.5 m2boulder is laid, and around the bush 3 peony bushes or 5 undersized irises are planted in different colors; another variant is 7–10 plants of zynia or the same amount of primrose bushes.Such a decorative garden will require simple care: weeding, feeding, watering. Island flowerbeds often become the center of the stalls, other plants can occupy other places in this type of flower garden:
- ornamental grasses;
- clematis bushes;
- dwarf conifers (juniper, biota, yew);
- traditional perennials headed by the queen of the garden - the rose.
"Gardens of Babylon" in the country
Flower beds can be made in several tiers, which gives them an unusual look and facilitates care. For arranging flower beds, fortified shores of ponds and terraced hillsides are suitable. With multi-tiered placement, the height of the flower bed can be several meters. For decorating the slope, it is preferable to use perennials, as shown in the diagram below.
According to the famous landscape designer Anthony Paul, flower beds must necessarily be adjacent to a small waterfall, lake, pond, fountain. Near the water, moisture-loving flowers grow well in flower beds. The names of some hygrophytes are the bathing place, the marigold, the wolfbill. They feel good right on the swampy shore of the lake or stream.A little further you can plant perennials - aquilegia, badan, primula, host.
The creation and design of flower beds
Flower beds can be one of the details of almost any type of flower bed. Often they are given a central position in the front garden or on the ground floor. If the center of the design is raised above the edges, then with this placement all the flowers are better visible. For a bed, this slope is of great importance, it helps to improve air and water conditions, facilitates the care of seedlings. The following activities are held at the selected site:
- removal of turf containing rhizomes of weeds;
- improvement of the substrate (adding wood ash, humus, compost);
- mixing components with a pitchfork;
- mineral fertilizers;
- marking with pegs and twine.
On a flowerbed of an elongated shape, the landing is carried out in rows, on a round one - they start from the center. Usually the edge of a flower bed is edged with turf, brick, natural stone, any decorative material. Decorative leafy plants, coniferous bushes are used.
What flowers to plant in a flower bed?
Flower beds are created from plants wintering and not hibernating in the open ground.In the second case, containers are increasingly used. In the flower beds ornamental deciduous plants are also present, but serve only as a supplement. Carpet beds are planted with stunted perennial and annual flowers, a significant place is given to deciduous and ornamental crops with different colors of vegetative organs.
Popular perennial flowers for the flower beds are unpretentious ephemeroids - plants, bulbs and tubers of which spend most of the season in a dormant state, awaiting the spring awakening of nature. Before the rest, surprisingly diverse hyacinths, crocuses, many-sided tulips, hardy muscari, proud narcissus and hazel grouse are blooming.
Flowers for flower beds. List
The range of ornamental plants is annually replenished with new varieties. One of the modern trends is the creation of dwarf forms of popular summer and autumn perennial flowers. Breeders are also working on breeding hybrids of ornamental crops that are intended for cultivation in containers. Less hardy flowers for flowerbeds give less trouble:
- Ageratum - annuals or perennials with small flowers of various colors (white, blue, pink, lilac).
- Alyssum (cinch) is a short annual or perennial. Petals are yellow.
- Antirinum, or snapdragon. Very diverse coloring unusual corollas dwarf varieties "Tom Tamb", tall - "Madame Butterfly", ampelnaya - "Lampion".
- Astra one-year, popular varieties - "Snow White", "Isadora", "Blue Frost."
- Astilbe (dwarf species from 8 cm).
- Periwinkle - creeping evergreen perennial.
- Marigolds (tagetes) - undersized varieties "Antigua", "Kilimanjaro", "Eyes of a Tiger".
- Begonia — Organdy, Cock Tail varieties (15–25 cm).
- Viola (violet, pansies) - herbaceous annuals or perennials. The flowers are blue, yellow, red.
- The saxifrage is a rhizome perennial, forms clumps. Height - from 5 cm.
- Nasturtium - varieties "Alaska", "Cherry Rose", "Day and Night."
- Forget-me-nots, daisies - traditional low-growing flowers for flower beds.
When creating flower beds, very popular perennial ornamental plants are used: hybrid petunia, carnation, mallow, rose, phlox. Edelweiss and popoff give a fresh and elegant look.
The design of flower beds should not get out of the general canvas of the chosen style for the garden (English, German, Italian, Japanese, tropical, vintage and eco style). Landscape designer Anthony Paul considers simplicity and beauty combined with ecology as the main principles. For his compositions, the master selects ornamental cultures in harmony with the forms of the garden and the flower garden.