Finishing the attic floor - possible options and technology execution
The attic is the attic of a house that manyowners redo for living quarters. The main advantage of the attic is isolation - it is always calm and quiet here. From it you can make a room for rest, a bedroom, a nursery or a study. This requires interior decoration of the attic floor.
Things to do before finishing
That the furnished rooms were cozy, dry andwarm, first of all you need to check the roof - is there any leaks in it. In addition, you should pay attention to the strength of beams and rafters. They should be dry, free of mold and rot, as the finishing material will be attached to them.
It is not recommended to carry out fresh liningsWooden structure because of the content of a large amount of moisture in it. This can lead to a shift in the lining material. Finishing the attic floor is carried out after the insulation of walls and ceiling.
Warming of the attic
From the right warmth of the attic floordepends on the warmth and comfort in the premises located on it. The first under the roofing material is laid a layer of waterproofing, which prevents the accumulation of moisture. Overlap it overlap. Waterproofing is fixed with a special construction stapler or with the help of rails. Then tightly stack the heater. It is necessary to know that the heat-insulating material, packed in several rows, should not coincide at the seams. The most practical and suitable option for warming the attic is elastic basalt mineral wool, which has the properties of non-combustibility and noise insulation. Then lay a layer of vapor barrier. The rafters on both sides are lined with wooden strips, which provide an air gap between the hydro- and vapor-insulating layers and the heater. Finally, the finishing material is attached.
The layout of the thermal insulation material includes the following elements:
- roofing material;
- wooden crate;
- a layer of waterproofing;
- laying insulation;
- vapor barrier layer;
- control the lattice;
- material for interior finishing.
Finishing the ceiling
For finishing the ceilings, you can use differentDecoration Materials. It all depends on the height of the room. In order for the room to be comfortable, its optimal height should be 2.1 m. The ceiling, lined with lining or plasterboard, will look good. It is also possible to install stretch ceilings, which form an even, beautiful surface.
Warming and finishing of the floor
Warming of the floor of the mansard floor is madeheat insulating material throughout the area. For this purpose it is better to use mineral or glass wool. It is laid tightly between the beams. The thickness of the insulation layer should be at least 80 mm, on top of which waterproofing is applied. If the ceilings are made of a monolithic slab, the floors should be better insulated with a screed.
In most cases, the basis of sex isboards with a thickness of 4-6 cm, laid on the beams. For the circulation of air between them and the insulation material leave a gap. The boards for laying the floor must be high-quality, dry, with the bottom side treated with an antiseptic. Wooden floors can be covered with linoleum, laminate or carpet.
Requirements for facing material
Interior decoration of the attic floor is oftenIt is executed by gypsum cardboard which possesses moisture-proof and fire-resistant qualities, or other fireproof materials. If the finishing of the attic floor of a wooden house is done by block house or wood, then they must be impregnated with special flame retardants.
Options for finishing the attic
Practicality of premises located on theattic, depends on their internal lining. There are various options for finishing the attic floor, which help create a unique and unique interior.
If the attic is small, it isa light color palette that allows you to visually increase its area, and pastel colors allow you to soften the proximity of the ceiling and walls. For finishing the attic room, regardless of the style of decoration, it is recommended to use materials of the same shade.
The attic will look great if you trim it with a wooden lining. This is a versatile natural material that blends well with other types of linings.
Finishing the attic floor in this wayis made very simply and quickly. The main condition - the installation of the lining should be done carefully and check the level of the board in order to prevent distortions. The lining is fastened to the wooden crate with carnations without hats. After installation, it is covered with a colorless varnish, which will protect the material from burning out.
Finishing of the attic floor, made ofgypsum board, is very popular because of its low cost and excellent technical characteristics. It is fastened, like a lining, onto a wooden or made of metal profile crate by self-tapping screws.
Installation of drywall can be done with a single layeror a two-layer skin. If the finish is done in two layers, then first the first layer is fastened, and then the second one is fastened. In this case, the sheets are placed in such a way that their seams of the first and second rows do not coincide. Gypsum plasterboard decoration of the attic floor, the photo of which is presented in the article, is not difficult, but time-consuming. After the end of installation, all joints and places from the screws should be puttied.
Equipment of the attic floor for residentialThe room helps to significantly expand the area of the house. After doing a quality finish, you will get a great room, which can be arranged according to the needs of the tenants.