"Fiat 125": specifications and modifications
In the 60s of the last century, the Italian auto giant Fiat created a number of very successful small class cars with rear driving wheels. In 1965, Fiat almost simultaneously signed with the Polish Republic and the USSR. The Soviet Union chose the Italian car Fiat 124, and Poland on the 125th model.
The Fiat 125 passenger car was introduced to the general public in 1967. The car was based on the platform of the previous model 1500 with an increased wheelbase. The exterior style of the car was made in the same way as the Fiat 124. In this part of the body parts were identical. Model 125 had a wheelbase extended by more than 80 mm and, as a result, a more spacious cabin. Therefore, the car was attributed to the so-called middle class.
The door openings and the doors of both Italian cars were identical. To compensate for the increased wheelbase rear seat shifted back.Such a solution with body parts made it possible to reduce the range of body stamps and create two cars in a very short time.
As the engine for the car chose the most powerful option from the 124th model. The four-cylinder carburetor 90-hp engine "Fiat 125" had a working volume of about 1.61 liters and had a very progressive design of the gas distribution mechanism - two shafts in the cylinder head.
At the same time in the design of the rear suspension used leaf springs. The fuel tank in the Italian version of the car was located in the rear wing. A characteristic feature of the car were disc brakes on all wheels. The overall appearance of the car is presented in the photographs. Attention should be paid to the filler hatch on the right rear fender. This is a characteristic feature of Italian cars.
Italian "Fiat 125" was positioned by the manufacturer as a fairly prestigious car with elements of sports behavior. To maintain this image in 1968, the 125S (Special) modification is released. The car received a forced 100-horsepower engine and a five-speed gearbox.The appearance and elements of the interior have undergone very minor changes.
Two years later, the car gets a new exterior design and modified lighting. At the same time, inserts under the tree and improved seat trim materials appear in the cabin. The list of options has also expanded, including a three-speed automatic transmission and an air-conditioning system in the cabin.
In the early 70s, Fiat’s importer of cars in New Zealand created its own version of the car under the designation Fiat 125T. The new version of the machine was equipped with dual Weber carburetors 40DHLA and a modified cylinder head with an increased degree of compression. Thanks to these modifications, the engine power has increased to 125 forces. The importer subjected such refinement to 84 to 89 copies of the car, before the Fiat company imposed a ban on such upgrades.
The release of different versions of the Fiat 125 continued until mid-1972, after which it was replaced by a more modern car of the 132nd model. For more than five years, the plant has manufactured more than 604 thousand cars.
The project car "Fiat 125", proposed by the Polish factory FSO, provided for the installation of simpler engines with a lower camshaft.Together with the engine and offered a simplified four-speed gearbox with a control lever on the steering wheel. For cars offered gasoline engines with a volume of 1.3 and 1.5 liters, developing 60 and 70 forces, respectively. The photo below gives an idea of changing the design of the front of the Polish version of the car.
The Polish version of the car was equipped with four round headlights, a grille with a modified design and bumpers from the 124th model. The fuel tank was moved deep into the body and placed above the rear axle. The brake system migrated unchanged from the Italian version. All Polish cars were designated as "Fiat 125 P" ("Polish"). The photo clearly shows the fuel tank flap on the rear left fender.
After modernization in the early 70s, the power of the motors increased by 5 forces, and the gearbox lever moved to a more familiar place - to the floor between the seats. In the mid-80s produced a diesel version of the car, equipped with a 1.6-liter Volkswagen engine. According to its technical characteristics, the Fiat 125 R was not much better than the Soviet VAZ and was almost never supplied to the USSR.