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- Date: March 25, 2018
Interesting facts about the childhood of Peter II
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Peter II, born October 23, 1715, was not the fruit of the happy love of his parents - Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich and the German princess Sofia-Charlotte Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. From here all troubles of the life of the “little prince” came.
Deprived of parental affection, Pyotr Alekseevich grew up like grass in a meadow: they taught him “something and somehow”, he was practically not engaged in upbringing. Meanwhile, Peter I died, his widow, Empress Catherine I, took the throne, and real power was in the hands of the Most High Prince Alexander Menshikov. A cunning intriguer watched with dismay as the health and strength of Catherine I melted away, plunging into a mad whirlwind of pleasure and entertainment. He needed to take care of the future. And Menshikov begins to woo the heir to the throne - the young Peter Alekseevich. The child who yearned for caress reached for the “brightest”, he even began to call the “father” of the personsigned a death sentence to his real father! Meanwhile, the “father” hurried to betroth the “little prince” with his daughter Maria. With the help of this “rose”, Menshikov hoped to consolidate his influence on Peter.
Catherine I dies, and the 11-year-old boy becomes emperor. “He is one of the most beautiful princes to be met; he has an extraordinary prettiness, an extraordinary vivacity, ”the French diplomat Lavi writes about Peter. The young sovereign promised to imitate the Roman emperor Titus, who tried to act in such a way that no one would leave him with a sad face. Unfortunately, Peter did not keep his promise ...
Menshikov was in a hurry to “strike while the iron was hot”: he moved the crowned youth into his own house, the state-run bride, Maria, received the title of imperial highness. Some “dear ones” were sent into exile, others were bribed by high positions.
The young sovereign, who fully trusted the “father,” meekly signed any decree he made. But with the tutor of the king Menshikov blundered great. He put the sly German Osterman to Peter,pretending to be a loyal supporter of the "Most High". In fact, Osterman hated the all-powerful temporary worker and, together with the princely clan Dolgorukikh, was preparing for his fall. The clever German was a good psychologist. The lessons of Osterman were so fascinating to Peter that the boy, barely waking up early in the morning, almost ran to the classes. A teacher gradually set up a young king against Menshikov.
Spacing for the cause
Once the subjects presented a sovereign sum to the sovereign. Peter ordered to send money to his lady of the heart - Elizabeth. Learning of this, Menshikov intercepted the messenger and unceremoniously pocketed the royal gift. Peter was furious, he summoned the prince "on the carpet" and made a uniform dressing. “I will show you which of us is the emperor!”, The young king raged, in which his grandfather Peter the Great leaped. The stunned Menshikov had to return the money to Elizabeth.
Spacing for the cause
Once the subjects presented a sovereign sum to the sovereign. Peter ordered to send money to his lady of the heart - Elizabeth. Learning of this, Menshikov intercepted the messenger and unceremoniously pocketed the royal gift. Peter was furious, he summoned the prince "on the carpet" and made a uniform dressing.“I will show you which of us is the emperor!”, The young king raged, in which his grandfather Peter the Great leaped. The stunned Menshikov had to return the money to Elizabeth.
Fatal mistake favorite
In September, the prince staged a magnificent feast on his estate. Peter promised to be, but did not come. And here Menshikov, annoyed, made a fatal mistake: during the divine service in the chapel, he defiantly stood at the royal place. The "well-wishers" of the prince, of course, reported to Peter. This trick put an end to Menshikov’s dizzying career: the “half-emperor” was arrested and exiled with his family to Berezov. The new favorite of the tsar was Ivan Dolgoruky - the mot and reveler known to all of Petersburg.
Not to the bride
With the fall of Menshikov, Peter felt completely independent. He stopped learning, abandoned state affairs. According to the memoirs of his contemporaries, "the emperor deals only with the fact that he spends the whole day and night through the streets with Princess Elizabeth, visits the chamberlain Ivan Dolgoruky, pages, cooks and God knows who else." Dolgoruky taught the juvenile sovereign to rampant and debauchery, distracting from any serious occupation.
For the worse, Peter’s character also changed: the “little prince” became hot-tempered, moody and irritable. Most of all he fell in love with the hunt, went to the woods with a magnificent suite and spent weeks chasing prey. And the state was “ruled” by the clan Dolgorukikh, and under their “sensitive guidance” things in the country went worse and worse.
At the end of 1729, the presumptuous princes, in the words of the Spanish diplomat de Liria, "opened the second volume of Menshikov’s folly." Repeating the mistake of the "brightest", they decided to give Peter his own "rose" - to marry Catherine Dolgoruky. Prince Ivan convinced Peter to announce the upcoming marriage. The king reluctantly gave way to the favorite, but the courtiers noticed that at the ball in honor of the betrothal Peter had a disgruntled look and almost did not pay attention to the bride.
In December 1729, the king became seriously ill, Elizabeth came to visit her nephew. The 14-year-old boy was sad, said that his life was disgusted, and he would soon die. The words were prophetic: January 19, 1730 Peter II died of smallpox.
In the fairy tale of Saint-Exupery, the Little Prince lands on a planet full of wonderful roses. But their beauty seems to him cold and empty. "You are not at all like my rose," he told them.- You are still nothing. Nobody has tamed you, and you haven't tamed anyone. ” The prince from a fairy tale was lucky - he had a rose. And the Russian “little prince” of his Rose did not find among the many bright and lush flowers.