Causes of pain in the back of the head. Headaches in the back of the head: causes and treatment
The causes of pain in the back of the head are so diverse that it is difficult for patients to determine what they are associated with. Painful sensations can appear both on the right and on the left, or affecting both parts simultaneously. A headache in the back of the head (the reasons will be described below) can disturb a person constantly, with a simple touch and turning the head. To quickly and effectively eliminate this disease you need to find out the root cause of this condition.
Causes of pain in the back of the head
The cause of a headache in the back of the head can be:
- Neuralgia of the occipital nerve.
- Various neoplasms.
- The defeat of the cervical part of the nuclear apparatus of the most important of the 12 pairs of cranial nerves.
- Craniovertebral anomalies.
- Stressful situations.
- Permanent work at the computer or long watching TV.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Back problems.
- Passive lifestyle.
Now consider some of the causes of pain in the back of the head in more detail.
Passive lifestyle. This factor is a real problem for modern society, as it leads to various ailments. Movement is life, but our body remains immobilized almost 24 hours a day. As a result, energy starvation appears, serious malfunctions in the digestive system begin and pathological processes in the spine develop.
Stress of the optic nerve. The organs of vision in humans are always in motion. People contemplate every minute landscapes, watching moving objects, looking into the distance or looking at small objects near.
However, for many of us, today's lifestyle is such that most of the time the eyes are fixed on the monitor screen or TV. In this position, the pupils are narrowed as much as possible, and the angle of view is 7 degrees. All this causes a lot of muscle strain. As a result, the brain sends pain signals, vision deteriorates and eventually a headache occurs in the back of the head (we have already found out the reasons).
Back problems. The lack of physical exertion adversely affects the upper section of the spinal column, since it is him who has the greatest load during prolonged sitting at a computer. As a result, a person sooner or later begins to experience unbearable pain in the back of the head (the causes, treatment are described in detail in this material).
Dystrophic disease of the spine, leading to the growth of bone outgrowths (osteophytes), was previously diagnosed only in the elderly, at the same time many young people suffer from it.
The pain in the back of the head (the causes are described above) can be accompanied by painful sensations in the area of the eyes, ears and shoulders, in some people, and in the area of the neck when the head turns. As a rule, the threat lies in the compaction of the muscles of the cervical region, which is caused by improper posture, prolonged stay in an uncomfortable position, stress, or being in a draft.
Impact of stressful situations. With frequent stress, a person experiences mental and emotional stress for a long time. As a rule, similar causes of pain in the neck are diagnosed in 25-30-year-old women.
It turns out that factors that cause stress include excessively active physical exercise, long-term and uninterrupted driving and mental fatigue.
The nature of the discomfort
Are you worried about pain in the back of your head and dizziness? The causes of these inconveniences may be associated with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. When this disease changes the structure of the intervertebral discs. Patients may occasionally deteriorate hearing, appear before the eyes, and they also complain of dizziness, nausea, and double vision. When you throw your head up, a person may even fall down for a while, losing the ability to move without losing consciousness.
Spondylosis of the cervical spine is a disease in which bony growths appear on the spine, worsening the mobility of the neck, and the patient feels pain in the back of the head. The causes of this disease can be found out only after consulting with experts. In cervical spondylosis, pain in the back of the head will increase when bending or turning the head, and sleep is also disturbed.
Hypertension is characterized by pulsating pain in the back of the head, which can be accompanied by rapid heartbeat, dizziness, weakness and nausea.
Occurrence of cervical myositis is associated with hypothermia or trauma. The main symptom of the disease is a headache on stooping, giving way to the shoulders or shoulder blades. Pain is usually asymmetrical and is felt only in one half.
For miogeloza characterized by sharp pains in the neck and neck, as well as dizziness. The cause of the disease are seals that have appeared in the neck muscles.
If a headache in the back of the head is caused by neuralgia of the occipital nerve, then the painful sensations are manifested by attacks and are given to the lower jaw, ears and back. Any movement of the head, coughing or sneezing will only increase the agony.
Causes of pain in the back of the head during physical exertion, as a rule, lie in the spasm of the arteries. If you sit down or lie down, the pain in the back of the head disappears. The pain is manifested pimples on the skin, or, as people say, "goose bumps."
Intracranial pressure causes discomfort throughout the head, which can sometimes be localized only in the back of the head. In addition, a person may be tormented by nausea, dizziness, and in some cases even vomiting.
The cause of frequent headaches can even be a profession, especially for office workers and drivers. The occupation of their activities provides for a long stay in one position, and a sedentary lifestyle has not yet benefited anyone.
Who to contact?
In fact, such a disease in medicine does not exist. Headaches in the back of the head (the causes and treatment of drugs and folk methods are given in this article) indicate the presence of a more serious disease that adversely affects our body. To establish the true source of pain, you will need to undergo a comprehensive examination. There are no similar medicines for pain of this kind, therefore one cannot do without the help of a local therapist. The doctor must prescribe an X-ray image of the uppermost spinal column and refer it to the specialist you need: a neurologist, a trauma surgeon, a massage therapist, a manual therapist or a specialist in physical therapy.
Causes of pain in the back of the head can be caused by a lack of fresh air. In this case, the pain appears on the left and right side.A few simple steps and you can forget about discomfort:
- Ventilate the room.
- Massage of the neck, back of the head and shoulders.
- Take a recumbent position and try to completely relax.
Learn to relax not only physically, but also morally, without this treatment will not bring the desired results. Try not to think about problems at work, stressful situations, you just need to calm down. If you do all of the above, the pain should gradually go away, even if it was throbbing.
If the symptoms do not disappear and this treatment did not help, you need to look for other causes of headache. You can use folk remedies, but before applying them, it is strongly recommended to consult with your doctor. Of course, taking one pill is allowed, but in case of recurrent symptoms, it is not recommended to delay the visit to the doctor.
With constant stress, which caused the disease, it is necessary to minimize their impact on the body. In such cases, for help, it is better to contact a psychologist or a psychiatrist who will select a suitable health course for you.
Do not forget that self-medication can lead to the most unforeseen consequences, because the causes of pain in the back of the neck on the left or on the right can be associated with serious diseases that require immediate treatment.
The causes of pain in the nape of the right and left can be very different: stress, vascular pathology, injury or hormonal disruptions. The best helpers in such situations are pills containing codeine. This substance belongs to narcotic analgesics, in connection with this long and uncontrolled intake of such drugs is addictive.
The pharmacy may advise to purchase "No-shpu", "Codelmix", "Sedalgin", "Unispaz" or "Caffetin". In the instructions for use for these drugs are not listed strong side effects.
As a rule, combined medicines are used to get rid of headaches, in which the analgesic and anti-inflammatory component are combined. So, for example, ibuprofen and codeine are a part of the “Nurofen plus” preparation, and paracetamol and 3-methylmorphine are included in Brustan and Ibuklin.
To good painkillers include "Novalgin", "Salpirin" and "Dipron". These drugs contain metamizole sodium.
According to some doctors, “Voltaren” or “Diclofenac” will help to get rid of pain. These drugs have a good analgesic effect, however, long-term use adversely affects the gastrointestinal tract.
Only after the doctor sees the results of the necessary examination, he will be able to diagnose the causes of pain in the back of the head and decide on the treatment. Self-therapy can only cause great harm to your health.
Often, for the treatment of pain in the occipital region, massage and exercise therapy are required, and physiotherapy procedures will not hurt. In certain pathologies, exercise courses may be prescribed. In the process of treatment does not interfere with swimming.
Massage and manual therapy
Mechanical and reflex effects in the form of rubbing, pressure and vibration are prescribed if the pain in the back of the head is caused by one of the following reasons:
- Myogeloz of the cervical spine.
- Neuralgia of the occipital nerve.
- Professional activity.
- Cervical osteochondrosis.
Soft manual therapy is recommended for patients with increased intracranial pressure. From hard massage will have to be abandoned. In no case do not visit the masseur, if high blood pressure. Only a light independent massage is allowed, and the arms must be warm and well warmed. Manual pressure therapy, which was created by the Japanese physician Takuhiro Nakimoshi, is not contraindicated in shiatsu.
If the pain in the back of the head lasts a long time, and the symptoms are unbearable, even surgery may be required. Such painful sensations can adversely affect the movement of a person and the work of many organs and systems. The operation is performed only in extremely severe cases.
Folk remedies for headaches
The recipes used by our grandmothers and great-grandmothers are great at coping with many of the problems that arise in our body. Oregano will help get rid of the nagging headache. With regular use of tea with this medicinal weed, muscle tension is relieved and the forces of the clamped vessels are restored.
Do not try to endure the pain.Effectively copes with lovage headache. Fresh leaves of this plant can relieve an attack in a matter of minutes, for this it is enough to simply apply compresses of them to the back of the head or neck. How to make a medical bandage? The leaves of lovage need to chop and pour hot water, cool. Apply finished mush to problem areas, fixing in accordance with the rules of setting the compress.
No less effective and the following ways:
- You can get rid of the painful sensations by simply touching your forehead to the window glass.
- Attaching to the nape a bunch of freshly picked knotweed.
- A good helper in the fight against headache - a compress from vinegar and olive oil in a 1: 1 ratio. Preparing the mixture is quite simple: you just need to mix the ingredients, then moisten the wool fabric in it and tie it over the forehead and the back of the head.
- Infusion of cinnamon. 1 teaspoon of powder you need to pour a tablespoon of boiling water and add a little sugar. The finished brew is taken every hour in several small sips, in addition, it can be used for lotions on the whiskey.
- According to traditional healers, a leaf of fresh cabbage attached to the forehead is excellent; it needs to be replaced before extracting the juice.
- Massage the shoulder girdle eliminates persistent pain in the occipital region.
- It relieves pain and aromatic pad of eucalyptus and edelweiss.
Headache treatment in childhood
In recent years, children have increasingly begun to experience pain in the head. Causes of pain in the back of the head in a child can be very different - from a banal cold to a more serious illness.
Before proceeding to treatment, you need to decide what they are caused by. Treatment of headaches at home can only alleviate the condition of the child. To do this, rub the temples and forehead with menthol oil and persuade your baby to drink a soothing herbal tea made from chamomile and oregano.
Headaches in the back of the head: causes and treatment in adolescents
In adolescents, painful sensations in the head area appear due to various diseases, improper lifestyle, nutrition, and hormonal changes in the body.
If headaches arise from disturbed sleep or frequent stress, traditional medicine recommends the use of soothing herbal teas with the addition of honey. If the reason lies in any disease,need expert help.