Alicante: attractions, description, excursions, reviews
Alicante is one of the most popular and visited cities in Spain. Millions of tourists from different points of the planet come here every year to see one of the best resorts in Europe. At the height of the summer season, travelers from all over the world relax here. In addition, not only the guests of the city love its beaches, but also the people of Alicante themselves.
Basic information about the city
Alicante is part of the autonomous Valencian community. It is the center of the province of the same name. The settlement is located on the Mediterranean coast. By the number of inhabitants it is the second in the Valencia community. About three hundred fifty thousand people live here.
Alicante became the center of tourism in the sixties. At that moment, the accelerated growth of the city began, which continues today. It is considered the fastest growing city in Spain.
The city's attractions
Alicante is a traditional Spanish streets, ancient facades, as well as the powerful fortresses of the sunset period of the Spanish colonial empire. What to see in Alicante? Reviews of Alicante, only the most positive, of course, this is one of the best European resorts, according to tourists. Here you can alternate beach and cultural and educational holidays. Because of this, travel to Alicante can be very rich and varied.
One of the symbols of this city is the Esplanade Boulevard. The peculiarity of this place is that during the construction more than six million different stones were used. The pavement is lined with a multi-colored stone, which is folded into a harmonious pattern. By the way, tall palms are grown on the sides.
For many tourists, this place is one of the most beloved in Alicante. Of course, many locals also enjoy strolling here. The total length of the boulevard is about five hundred meters. On the one hand, the Esplanade is a city port, and on the other, one of the most beautiful beaches in the city, which is called Postiguet.On another side of the city lies the historical city itself and the sights of Alicante.
There are also many banks, restaurants, cafes and a bazaar on this boulevard. Here sell handicrafts. In the evening there are many entertainment programs. Here are concerts and shows. Basically, all the actions take place in a pavilion that resembles a conch shell.
The same port of Alicante, which was discussed above. Yachts, boats, motor boats and other ships moor here. The central port has become almost a symbol of the city. It is located on the shores of the Mediterranean and is one of the largest in the Mediterranean. This is a very interesting and picturesque place.
It is located in the center, near the Esplanade. The pier originates from the beach Postiguet. The embankment and seaport are the main attractions of Alicante.
The seaport is open and operates around the clock, but the schedule of ships, of course, varies depending on the season and season. The cargo part of this port is not very big and is located outside the city.
The marina is the main attraction of this place.This is a huge harbor, which is equipped with a special place for yachts and catamarans. In addition, they provide repair services, as well as ship cleaning. Here you can rent a pleasure boat or a whole ship, because the main walking street of the city stretches along the port.
Fortress of Santa Barbara
The oldest church located in the central part of Alicante. The main feature of this place is the presence of an elevator inside the fortress, which raises visitors to the very top. Access to the fortress is free.
The fortress of Santa Barbara is located on Mount Benacantil at an altitude of 166 meters above sea level. On the slopes of this plain, the material cultures of the Bronze Age were discovered. In addition, there are monuments of culture of the Romans and Iberians. However, the fortress itself originated in the ninth century during the period of Arab rule in the Iberian Peninsula. It got its name in honor of the day of St. Barbara, in which the citadel was captured. For a long time, it had military significance, but lost it in the eighteenth century. The buildings began to be used as a prison. Until 1963, it was almost in an abandoned state.After the restoration was carried out, and the gates of the fortress reopened to visitors.
Fortress of San Fernando
The castle is located in the central part of the city. This attraction in Alicante has never fulfilled its duties. They began to build it very quickly, hoping to repel the forces of Napoleon. Three years later, this castle was completed, but the plans of the emperor suddenly changed, and he decided to go north to Russia.
The construction of this fortress was occupied by an authoritative person - Pablo Ordovas Sastre. He was a fortifier. They built two powerful bastions, and they were connected to each other by a fortress wall. The northern bastion is an irregular polygon, and the southern one has a truncated cone. There is no yard, but traditionally there are bunkers for protection. Everything is ready for defense here, but was never used for its intended purpose.
The castle is surrounded by a very picturesque park, which is perfectly adapted to sports. For a long time it was in desolation, later the fortress was restored and is now available to visitors.
Santa Cruz District
This area is located at the foot of Mount Benacantil, on top of which, as mentioned above, is the fortress of Santa Cruz.Surprisingly, this place is not so famous, and tourists wander here less often. It is possible that many are frightened by narrow streets, which by their appearance do not look like European ones. Eastern spirit is hovering here, and this is no accident. This area was built up in the thirteenth century by the Moors, who at that time owned the city. But then their headship here gradually weakened and rolled towards sunset. Later the city was conquered by Christians.
The main attraction of this area is the Basilica of Santa Maria. It was built in the fourteenth century after the victory over the Moors. The facade of the building is luxuriously decorated in Baroque style, and above the entrance is a bas-relief depicting the Virgin Mary. The clock, which is installed in the left tower, is still working.
There is also another statue of the Virgin Mary, which is crowned by a column located in the center of the square. It was erected in gratitude for the salvation of Alicante.
Luceros Square is the central territory in Alicante, as well as one of the main attractions of the city. This is the very first place that tourists see when they come from the airport to the settlement by bus. In addition, trams leave from the square, which run along the coast.Also many tourist routes start from here.
The square is decorated with a large fountain, which was built in 1930. There are sculptures of horses. The fountain is also surrounded by a beautiful green lawn and palm trees that adorn the square.
Around the square there are residential buildings, as well as retail space and modern offices. There are administrative buildings. From Luceros Square there are two central highways of the city.
Basilica of Santa Maria
The Basilica of Santa Maria is located in Alicante and is the oldest church in the city. It was built here in the fourteenth century, but unfortunately it burned down in the fifteenth century. Later it was restored, but in a different place. It happened on the ruins of a mosque in the center of the village.
Over the years, it has been reconstructed and rebuilt many times, but still, the Spanish baroque and Gothic style remained its leading style.
In between the various events, as well as church services, you can walk through the halls of the church, look at the altar, built in the eighteenth century. There is also a majestic organ of the same years.Besides all this, in the church there are many art canvases.
The Cathedral of St. Nicholas in Alicante is another popular place within the city limits. In addition, it is one of the most religious buildings in this Spanish village.
This temple is dedicated to Saint Nicholas, who is the patron saint of Alicante. This temple was erected on the ruins of a mosque in the seventeenth century.
The building has a rather interesting style, since there is a transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque. It is characterized by restraint in architecture. This cathedral is decorated with a forty-five-meter dome, inside of which marble predominates, as well as tiles of different colors.
As is known, the church altar built in the sixteenth century deserves the most attention. This temple also keeps the relics of St. Francis Javier.
A rather large museum, which is a landmark of Alicante. An impressive collection is kept here. Most of the exhibits were found and collected in the Costa Blanca region.This museum has a rich collection, one of the best in the country.
All exhibition halls have the most modern equipment. For this reason, visitors have the opportunity to watch videos, as well as listen to short lectures on any historical periods. In this museum in Alicante tours are conducted constantly, and anyone can visit them.