A house for chickens with their own hands: projects, selection of materials, stages of construction
An egg can be not only one of the foundations of a healthy diet, but also a good source of income. That is why breeding chickens is so profitable. You can get fresh eggs and dietary meat. As for chicken litter, it can be used as fertilizer in the care of the site. In order for the bird to feel good, as well as to properly deliver the egg, it is necessary to create a comfortable environment for it, having built a chicken coop. This task will help cope drawings made independently.
Before you start building a house for chickens, you should evaluate the scale of the venture. It is important to create the most accurate drawing. If you have a visual picture on your hands, then you cannot determine a plan of action with it. In the design process should take into account the number of birds that you plan to keep in the outbuilding.
For three layers, one square meter of space will suffice.This indicates that a chicken coop for 10 hens will have dimensions of 2x2 m. When building a house that will be used for year-round living of living creatures, you should take into account that the building should be insulated. It can be supplemented with an aviary for walking. Its dimensions can be equal to 2x6 m.
In order for the chicken house to be as durable and reliable as possible, it is necessary to choose the right building materials, among which should be highlighted:
- a hammer;
- mineral wool;
- door hinges;
- electrical cable.
It is also necessary to determine the location of the chicken coop. The area should be as dry as possible, as humidity affects the health of the bird. The territory should have some slope so that during heavy precipitation the excess moisture quickly leaves and does not spoil the soil near.
The selected area should be well lit during the day. An ideal place in the garden will be a zone on the south side, so that at any time of the year the bird can be warmed in the sun.House for chickens must be built on a good basis. It can be tape or columnar. The latter option is better suited for lightweight construction. Among other things, it has some important advantages, among them:
- ease of installation;
- no need to wait for the concrete to set;
- the possibility of providing additional ventilation;
- the absence of an underground where mice and rats could dwell.
With a columnar base wooden floor will last much longer.
The choice of material for the walls
Having determined the size of the houses for chickens, you can proceed to the choice of material. If it is wood, then you will receive a structure that can be erected using frame technology. For this you need support bars, plywood or boards. It is important to take care of wall insulation, insulation can be stacked in one or two layers.
Sometimes a log or a bar is used as a material. This option has many advantages. The finished building will keep warm for a long time, and will also become durable and durable. The hen house from logs or a bar will keep operational characteristics onlong years. Making the project of a chicken coop, you must choose the material that will form the basis of the walls. It may also be a brick. This option is especially good if there are remnants of material from the construction of the main house. Then the household building will be in harmony with the house and will last much longer than, for example, a chicken coop made of wood.
Construction of the column foundation
For the construction of the columnar base around the perimeter of the future construction, it is necessary to drill pits, going deeper by 1 m. The diameter of each pit should be 15 to 20 cm. Between the supports it is necessary to withstand a step of 1 m. Next you need a round formwork, which can be constructed from scrap materials, for example, asbestos cement pipes. They are inserted into the pits.
Before pouring concrete into the pits fit fittings with threaded threads. With the help of a nut, the support bar is fixed to concrete pillars. If this process is too complicated for you, you can choose a simpler version of the chicken coop device. For example, use four concrete blocks or any other suitable material. The space between the pillars is laid with brick or stone, this will ensure the construction integrity, stability and durability.To rise the pillars above the ground should be at 20 cm, then the place under the coop can be used for walking the birds.
Features of the construction of walls and floor
The project of the chicken coop may include the construction of a frame structure. Its main feature is the high speed of work and ease of installation, it makes the construction of the chicken coop is quite an easy task. For frame construction it is necessary to use square bars with a side of 70 mm.
Vertical racks nailed to the support bar. To the design should be added horizontal crossbar for the floor and roof. It is important to take care of the presence of a window opening and two doors, one of which will be intended for the owner, while the other is for the bird. Nests do not have to be inside, the extension of the nests to the house will be a convenient option. To do this, doors are made in the nests, and the roof rises for easy cleaning and collection of eggs. If you decide to build nests using this technology, then you should consider their extension at this stage.
Walling of timber
Performing a house for laying hens, you can build walls using timber. The insulator of the first crown from the base will be ruberoid laid in 2 layers. The ends of the timber are connected in half. Lags for the floor will be bars, the cross section of which is 100x150 mm. These products are stacked on the edge.
The optimal step between the lags are 50 cm. The gaps between them should be filled with trimming beams. The construction of the chicken coop at the next stage involves laying the second, third and subsequent rims, which are joined at the corners using thorn-groove technology. The flax fiber junction will act as a compactor in the castle joints, which also fits between the crowns.
If the timber, which will form the basis of the walls, has natural moisture, then it is better to use wooden dowels for reliable shrinkage of the crowns. They will protect the log house from skewing. Under the pins, holes are made at the corners and perimeter. The distance between them should be 1 m. The grooves will be equal to the thickness of 2.5 bars. It is necessary to arrange the holes in a checkerboard pattern. 7 cm pins are hammered. When building a chicken coop, walls should be made up to 1.8 m high.In the next step, ceiling beams and rafters are installed. The final step will be the roofing.
Features of the construction of the winter chicken coop
When it is planned to operate the bird house all year round, it should be made warmer. For these purposes you can use:
- mineral wool;
As soon as the insulation is installed, the entire structure is sheathed inside. For wall cladding it is better to use this option, and as alternative solutions are:
Work on the roof and floor
Building a summer house for chickens with your own hands, you can hem the boards on the floor, placing them from the bottom of the sheathing of the timber. If the chicken coop will be used in winter, then straw or sawdust can be used as insulation. Laying these materials in a thick layer, you will provide excellent thermal insulation of the room. A good material for a warm chicken coop is a log, which can be replaced with a bar.
A lean-to construction is suitable for the roof. For its construction, the bars or boards are packed in such a way that a distance of 50 cm is maintained between them.For waterproofing, ruberoid is laid on the base. Inside, the roof can be hemmed with boards or chipboard, this will prepare the chicken coop for the winter. The following materials can be used for external roofing:
More about the ceiling and roof
If you need a warm house for chickens, then the roof can be made lean-to, while the gable design will become the choice of the far-sighted owner. Inventory and feed can be stored there. Ceiling beams are strengthened after the construction of walls. The ceiling is covered with any boards, it should be insulated. It is possible to refuse expensive rolled material, having replaced it with coal slag or expanded clay.
Before the insulation should take care of ventilation. For this, wooden ventilation boxes are made. They are located at opposite ends of the building. One end of the channel should be placed flush with the ceiling, the second should be 40 cm below it. Tin flaps should be installed on the ventilation pipes, they will allow you to adjust the temperature inside.
Floor for winter hen house
A chicken coop on 10 chickens can be somewhat more impressive than the ones mentioned above. You can take into account the following parameters: one square meter for two chickens. After making the appropriate calculations, you will be able to understand that for such a number of birds you can build a house with dimensions of 2x2.5 m. However, this is not all that you need to know for successful work.
The technology provides flooring that should exclude blowing. The best option are considered dual systems. It uses a 25 mm board. The draft floor is made of dry unedged board, a vapor barrier is laid on top, followed by square bars with a side of 100 mm. Equipping the house for the hens, you can fill the gaps between the floor bars with insulation. The next step will be laying a clean floor of edged boards.